looked after the provincial administration and helped the governor in the He recorded all the events of the provinces and submitted his reports to the centre. ADVERTISEMENTS: In the Mughal system of administration as introduced by Akbar the Badsah or the emperor was at the head of the administration. Every city had its own Qazi who administered justice to the people. Safety of roads and inspection of weights and measures was also his Chief Sadr and Chief Qazi. action against the irresponsible Subedar. He was the finance officer of the district. If you report them truly the officers will be disgraced. the scholars and learned men at the provincial level were forwarded to chief The emperor was assisted by a team of ministers and officials for proper administration of the empire. established a balance of power between Subedars and Diwans. Akbar was a diplomatic ruler, and in order to Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. by the financial powers of t he provincial Diwan. Sarkar, the administration of a province “was an exact miniature of the Central Government.”, Dr. Ishwari Prasad calls ‘Suba’ as a “replica of the empire in every respect.”. AKBAR & AKBAR Law Office 1 Jl. The first time was in 1580 AD by Akbar . The Iqta system had started outside India in Persia (Iran) region and in western Asia. contingent. In other words, the king’s powers were unlimited. The administration of the provinces was controlled by the Governors, also known as Naib, Wali of Mukti. was made by the imperial Diwan with the consultation of the emperor. reached twenty-one during the regime of Aurangzeb. function was to maintain law and order in his province, to assist the Hi. First of all, Akbar presented a new and detailed basis for the provincial administration. He possessed both civil and military authority. earliest convenience. Daroga-i-Dak-Chauki and Mir Bahr also worked in some of Often discords emerged between the Subedar and the Wakiyanavis; 4. ), Black–hole Tragedy/ black hole tragedy/ black hole tradgy, Cause of Maratha Defeat in the Battle of Panipat, Cause of the downfall of the Marathas Empire / Explain the cause of the downfall of the Maratha Power / rise and fall of maratha power / fall of Maratha power, Condition of India in 1798 / Condition of India / 1798, Deposition of Mir Jafar / Removal of Mir Jafar, First Anglo-Maratha War / first maratha war / anglo maratha war, First Anglo-Mysore War / first mysore war, Fourth Mysore War / Fourth Anglo-Mysore War, Hyder Ali / founder of Mysore / 1st Sultane of Mysore, Judicial Reforms of Cornwallis / Cornwallis judicial Reforms / Reforms of Cornwallis, Lord Cornwallis / Cornwallis / Governor General of India, Lord Wellesley / Wellesley / Governor General of India, Mahadji Scindia / Mahadji Scindhia / Mahadji Schindhia, Merits & Demerits of Permanent Settlement of Bengal / Permanent Settlement of Bengal, Raja Ram Mohan Roy / Raja Ram Mohan Roy – Social & Religious Reforms / Social & Religious Reforms of Raja Ram Mohan Roy / Reforms of Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Reforms of Cornwallis / Cornwallis Reforms, Second Anglo-Mysore War / Second Mysore War, Tabaqat-i-Nasiri / Tabaqat-E-Nasiri / MEDIEVAL HISTORY, Third Battle of Panipat / Battle of Panipat / Third battle of panipat was fought between, Third Myosre War / Third Anglo Myosre War, Warren Hastings / First Governor General of India. (a) ‘Faujdar’ He was the executive and military head of the Sarkar. N. Sarkar observes, “The administrative agency in the provinces of the Mughal Before Akbar’s time, there were 12 units of administration. Provincial Administration Provincial administration was greatly improved under Akbar, and in this respect the Mughal period differs substantially from the sultanate. Collection of tributes from feudatory chiefs was also the duty of Subedar. The finance administration was heavily concentrated upon the collection of the revenues which were basically the loot of the war, the trade taxes, the annual tributes and the land revenues. Akbar - Akbar - Administrative reform: Previous Indian governments had been weakened by two disintegrating tendencies characteristic of premodern states—one of armies being split up into the private forces of individual commanders and the other of provincial governors becoming hereditary local rulers. His chief He was appointed by the Central Bakshi in accordance with the advice of the emperor. Describe the Mughal Administration under the following headlines: (a) Position of the Monarch (b) Main Departments of Government Answer: (a) Humayun and Akbar belived that “royalty is a light emanating from God, a ray from the sun.” The Mughal state was a “centralized autocracy”. These were: Agra, Ahmedabad, Ahmednagar, Ajmer, Allahabad, Awadh, Bengal, Berar, Bihar, Delhi, Kabul, Khandar, Lahore, Malwa and Multan. The post of Kotwal in the province The Diwan Central Administration The emperor was assisted by a team of ministers and officials for proper administration of the empire. In case he failed to discharge his duties properly, he was Describe the process of manuscript production in the Mughal court. smooth running of the provincial government. :- This was a significant post. ADMINISTRATION OF SHER SHAH SURI PROVINCIAL ADMINISTRATION OF SHER SHAH SURI. He also kept a close eye on the activities of antisocial The provincial 2. Their names and functions are as follows: Wazir Dewan: He was the head of the revenue department. Akbar’s greatest achievement, however was the creation of an entirely new administration that did away with the old iqta system used by Babur and Humayun. Subedar and the Diwan kept Zealous and strict watch over each other. Almost all the heads of the departments were appointed by the ‘Subadar’ (governor) of the provinces. The provincial buyutat was the keeper of government property and official trustee. Welcome to HistoryDiscussion.net! मुगल साम्राज्य के पतन / पतन का कारण (Cause of the Downfall/Decline of the Mughal Empire). the two could dare revolt against the emperor. Though the Mughal emperors kept the ultimate authority in their hands, the actual business of state was entrusted to various officers who were directly accountable to … Your work is delicate; both sides have to be served. His recommendations for awards and grants to period. also looked after the construction of roads, schools, hospitals, sarais, This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Muslims and asked them to follow the canons of Islam. Desides the Nizam, the subedar, the Diwan, the Bakhshi, the Sadr, the Qazi, the Justify. Rights and duties of the provincial officials were dis­tributed in a way which pre­vented the misuse of offices and promoted interdependence among various officials. mansab in comparison to Subedar. Akbar used the term ‘Suba’ and with the conquest of some areas in the Deccan, the number of provinces rose to 15. Appointment, cases within the province but he was not empowered to award death punishments Akbar – Provincial administration – 3. :- He was the second significant officer of the provinces whose posting Sadr who finally awarded the grants. Provincial Administration. Under the rule of Akbar the kingdom was divided into 15 Subas to manage the administration without any problems. I’m Designer of Blog Magic. divided his empire into fifteen provinces for the sake of convenience which religious education and distributed royal charities, but as Qazi he dispensed bridges and performed duties for the welfare of the people. Write after carefully verifying your statement.”. He was the representative of the Imperial Diwan. The number of provinces the information regarding the financial condition of the province to the Efficient bureaucracy also assisted these provincial officers in the smooth Kotwal and the Waqianavis were the significant officers in the province. The reason for this stability was the long lasting more than 3 centuries rule of the Mughal sultanat. Divided his entire empire into 12 states, but in the last time of the reign, the conquest of … He was also in charge of His primary duty was to look after the organisation of the army of the province. Known by different names from time to time, he was the head of a suba. passage of time and extension of empire, Akbar created the posts of provincial There were similar departments in the province under a governor who was appointed by the emperor. Administration of the Mughal Rulers, As the penalized. The Mughal administration was the most organised and long lasting and has even carried on to to the modern times. TOS4. The Akbar administration was divided into Central and Provincial administration. The first Iqta in India– The region of Hansi (Haryana) given by Muhammad Gauri to Kutubuddin Aibak in the form of an Ikta was the first Iqta. These were Ahmednagar, Khandesh and Berar. 15 marks (200 words) Approach. They were all appointed by … central government every month. In the words of most of the high officers, forbidden things are done. of the administration. I’m CEO/Founder of ThemeXpose. The provincial administration was organised on the model of central administration. He assisted the ‘Amal Guzar’ in his work. 2. He was essentially a police officer who maintained peace and order in the city. As he had to deal with the rebels and dacoits, he used to maintain a big Provincial and Local Administration The Mughal empire was divided into twelve subas or provinces by Akbar in 1582. Atom the above significant officers there were some other important officers who Even his presence in the province set The Subedar’s court was the highest court of appeal in criminal Akbar The empire was divided into provinces/subas, districts, parganahs, and towns and villages. His essential duties were to maintain order and to execute the royal orders. His chief aim in the creation of these posts was to put a check on the went on increasing during the reign of his successors. Sir J. Provincial Administration of the Mughal Rulers As the Mughal empire was quite vast, it was divided into several provinces. The mir bahr looked after bridges required for military use, port duties, customs, boat and ferry taxes, etc. expenditure of the empire was also his duty. collection of revenue and to execute the imperial farmans sent to him. His chief duties were to maintain peace and order and to enforce the orders of the higher authorities. Every city had also a Kotwal. His powers were controlled to some extent Both the Normally both these officers worked in perfect To enhance agriculture and to look after the income and promotion and dismissal of the provincial employees were also his Tebet Barat Dalam IX No. Provincial Administration: Akbar divided his empire into fifteen provinces. Do you agree? justice to the provincial public. At the time of his appointment he was given the following advice by the central administration. The administration of a village was left in the hands of the village Panchayat. called Subedar or Sipahsalar who held his court at the capital of the province. The boundaries of the provincial units were more definitely fixed; and a uniform administrative pattern, with minor modifications to suit local conditions, was developed for all parts of the empire. In the time of Akbar’s successors he began to be called Nazim. Thus, Kotwal was the most significant local officer during the Mughal Akbar made significant changes in the legal status of … regular reports to the governor regarding the position of the province at his Empire was an exact miniature of that of the central government.”. running of administration. law and order in the city but also looked after the cleanliness and public Here, in cases of questions where multiple statements are hidden in a single question. Provincial Administration of the Mughal Rulers, Provincial Akbar set the firm base for the provincial administration by fixing the territories of the provincial units and establishing a uniform administrative model subjected to minor amendment to suit local circumstances. ( 2. Provincial Administration in Sultanate Period For the smooth running of administration the Sultanate of Delhi was divided into several provinces known as Iqtas. elements. Inspired to make things looks better. His chief function was the collection of “Report the truth, lest the Emperor should learn the facts from another source and punish you. The Mughal administration comprised two self sustaining and parallel systems of administration i.e. Provincial Administration: Akbar divided his vast empire into fifteen (15) Subas or provinces. however, the post of Wakiyanavis was quite important because, in case of Sadrs. In each suba or province there was a Subedar, a Diwan, a Bakshi, a Sadar, a Qazi, a Kotwal, a Mir Bahr and Waqa-i-Nawis. As Sadr he looked after the activities of the The Akbar administration was divided into Central and Provincial administration. He was given high mansab and big If you do not, you yourself will be undone…In every matter write the truth but avoid offending the nobles. Administration. (b) ‘Amal Guzar’. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. image source: thebchmag.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/DSC_0505.jpg. Provincial Administration: The Mughal Empire was divided into fifteen provinces or the subas. NCERT Solutions For Class 12 History Chapter 9 Kings and Chronicles The Mughal Courts NCERT TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS SOLVED. Akbar divided his empire into fifteen provinces for the sake of convenience which went on … Each village is under the charge of the Shidar who looks after the law and order and the Amir who look after the collection of land revenue. Privacy Policy3. Generally, the post of Sadr and Qazi was According to J.N. Akbar's administrative policies were mentioned in Abul Fazl's book the Akbar Nama, particularly in its third and last volume, the Ain-i Akbari In the book Abul Fazl explained that the empire was divided into provinces known as Subas, governed by a Subadar.The Subadar carried out … Important officers of the province were: Subedar, Diwan, Bakshi, Waqa-i-Newis, Qazi and the Kotwal. टिप्पणियाँ भेजें टिप्पणी: केवल इस ब्लॉग का सदस्य टिप्पणी भेज सकता है. Hence, neither of A number of villages have Pargana. without the approval of the emperor. and his duties as municipal commissioner helped a lot in the smooth functioning Content Guidelines 2. The Provincial Administration . The provinces were divided into Sarkars (districts), parganas (Tehsils) and villages. 1. Each province had a set of officials representing the branches of state activity, which made control over provinces more effective. They were Kabul, Lahore, Multan, Delhi, Agra, Allahabad, Oudh, Gujarat, Ajmer, Malwa, Bihar, Bengal, Khandesh, Berar, Ahmednagar. Sher Shah did not make many administrative changes in the system prevailing since the Sultanate period. Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History, Provincial Administration of the Mughal Rulers, Administration of India under the Bahmani Kingdom | Indian History, Important Features of Akbar’s Administration, Provincial Administration in Ancient India, Satavahana Dynasty: Rulers, Administration, Society and Economic Conditions, Inland and Foreign Trade during the Mughal Period, Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. 21 Jakarta 12810 Phone/Fax : (021) 8300248 E-mail : tadillaw@yahoo.com LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA NUMBER 32, YEAR 2004 CONCERNING REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION BY THE GRACE OF THE ALMIGHTY GOD Normally, the state officers did not interfere in the affairs of the village. responsibility. He was the emperor’s representative. In the beginning there was one post of Chief Sadr at the centre but with the Though he had unlimited power the emperor used to give due consideration to the wishes and advice of those who were near ones to him. During Jahangir’s time, the number rose to 17 and Shah Jahan’s time it increased to 22. revenue and other taxes which he could do with the help of Subedar as he had no Merits & Demerits of Permanent Settlement of Bengal  Merits. works. Indian History, Mughal Rulers, Provincial Administration, Provincial Administration of the Mughal Rulers. The provincial ad­ministration developed by Akbar was based on the principles of 'uniformity' and 'check and balance'. The was not subordinate to the Subedar. Number of provinces: Before Akbar’s time, there were 12 units of administration. the provinces and discharged their duties efficiently. Later on three more added after the conquest of Deccan. establish his control over provincial officers he acted very wisely and Generally speaking Subedars were appointed from royal families. It was encountered by many defects in the later Mughal era due to inefficiency of the later rulers and the corruption of the officials. But the administrative establishment of Iqta was by I… The muhtasib was the censor of public morals. Central Administration . given to one person at provincial level and he had to work under the subordinationof The features of this system are as follows: 1. Akbar held meetings with his ministers and senior officials in Diwan-i-Khas. governor of the province was officially known as Nizam but he was popularly Akbar’s reign was commended for having robust personnel management, financial management, provincial administration, and a secular rule; However, it was not devoid of loopholes. Provincial Administration of Mughal Empire The Empire under the Mughals was divided into provinces which were known as Subhas. everything right and government officers dared not neglect their duties. His chief duty was to send There was no definite tenure of their office and no definite rule of promotion. military power. He settled civil cases and sent administration of the Mughals was just like the central administration. central and provincial administration. He not only maintained Each province was under the charge of Subedar (Governor). jagirs for the maintenance of his Prize position in the province. While the subedar looked after the military and the civil affairs, the diwan kept an account of the land revenues. Akbar used the term ‘Suba’ and with the conquest of some areas in the Deccan, the number of provinces rose to 15. :- rising power of the imperial Diwan. After some time, the territory of Uchchh (Sindh) given toNaseeruddin Kubacha as an Iqta by Muhammad Gauri. Ans: Process of manuscript production in the Mughal court included the following: (a) Paper-maker’s responsibility was to prepare the folios of the manuscript. Besides The Subedar or Governor was the head of the provincial administration. These wee Allahabad, Agra, Awadh, Ajmer, Ahmedabad, Bihar, Bengal, Dilhi, Kabul, Lahore, Multan, Malwa. KARACHI: Navid Ahmed Shaikh, a BPS-21 officer of the Pakistan Administrative Services, and Laeeq Ahmed, a BPS-20 officer of the Secretariat Group, were on … responsibility. For administrative convenience and efficiency the vast Mughal Empire was divided into Provinces. ‘Shiqdar’-a military officer; ‘Amil’ the finance officer’ ‘Fotadar’ the treasurer; and ‘Qanugo’, head of the village and ‘Patwaris’ were the important officers in the Pargana. WHY DID MARATHAS LOSE THE THIRD BATTLE OF PANIPAT. The Diwan was incharge of revenue administration. 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Dewan: he was the executive and military head of provincial administration of akbar suba मुगल साम्राज्य के /! Than 3 centuries rule of the village Panchayat and other allied information submitted by visitors you. Dis­Tributed in a single question provincial administration of the Mughal Rulers as the powers the... Local administration during [ … ] provincial administration Report them truly the officers will undone…In... Worked in perfect harmony as the Mughal empire was also in charge of provincial administration: divided.: - the Subedar looked after the revenue department conquest of Deccan of questions where multiple statements are hidden a. The higher authorities advice by the central Bakshi in accordance with the advice of Mughal! Is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything History! Who maintained peace and order in the central administration the Muslims and asked them to follow the of...