process should be in place to review and update the scope-of-practice document as appropriate. 2. Be a contemporary and comprehensive approach to patient-centered care delivered in collaboration with other members of the health care team. Addresses medication- and health-related problems and engages in preventive care strategies, including vaccine administration. The process must be a collaborative care model where pharmacists work with and communicate with other health care providers so that care is coordinated for the patient. Their vision was to create a process by which pharmacists could play a vital role in achieving optimal health and medications outcomes for patients. The patient care process materials were developed jointly by the following individuals (April 2011). Initiates, modifies, discontinues, or administers medication therapy as authorized. This article describes the development of the Pharmacists’ Patient Care Process, what the process is, why it’s important, and initial implementation steps. care team and serves to foster a pharmacist-patient and pharmacist-physician relationship that is built on trust. h�bbd``b`>$_ ��@���uD�ɮ @�a��Fk-��� �h q�ed��&����` I�' Medication errors are highly pervasive across all settings of care, with the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) receiving more than 100,000 reports each year of suspected medication error. Six sample case studies set in different patient care settings enable the reader to practice applying the patient care process. Between 2012 and 2014, JCPP created a working group consisting of representation from numerous national pharmacy organizations to develop a consistent patient care process to be used by pharmacists. Describe the components of the Pharmacists’ Patient Care Process (PPCP). The suggested pharmacist-to-patient ratio for optimal care is about 1-to-30 (1-to-20 in the intensive care unit), notes Kimberly A. Boothe, PharmD, MHA, system director, pharmacy services for St. Elizabeth Healthcare in Fort Thomas, Kentucky. 3 Dentists and dental hygienists employ a patient care process that is focused on a patient's oral health needs. h�b```�k,w�@(� Engages the patient through education, empowerment, and self-management. Importance of Pharmacist's Patient Care Process. 1666 0 obj <> endobj Each medication for appropriateness, effectiveness, safety, and patient adherence. True B. 1. Provide a framework for delivering patient care in any practice setting. Health and functional status, risk factors, health data, cultural factors, health literacy, and access to medications or other aspects of care. pharmacist will be able to: 1. Explain what medication therapy management (MTM) is and how it has been defined in consensus by 11 national pharmacy organizations. Immunization status and the need for preventive care and other health care services, where appropriate. %%EOF improve patient care. Outcomes of care including progress toward or the achievement of goals of therapy. Researchers published a study in the Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy journal analyzing the PCP’s utility in a community pharmacy. Figure 1. This process includes the continuous monitoring and evaluation of: © 2020 Joint Commission of Pharmacy Practitioners. The pharmacist implements the care plan in collaboration with other health care professionals and the patient or caregiver. Examples include: history of alcohol use, signs of acute infection, anticholinergic drug therapy, hyponatraemia or recent head trauma; Pharmacists may need to refer patients to an appropriate practitioner. I agree to cite JCPP as the source of this material in any usage and to adhere to the, Joint Commission of Pharmacy Practitioners, American Pharmacists Association Annual Meeting & Exposition, AMCP Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy Annual Meeting. Medication error is a broad term used to describe a number of more specific events that may cause, or lead to, inappropriate medication use or patient harm.These include patient receipt of the incorrect prescription (e.g., receiving the wrong drug or the correct drug but at the wrong dosage), harmful drug-to-drug interactions, errors i… Pharmaceutical care, including the pharmaceutical care plan process (CORE, PRIME & FARM/ SOAP), is a systematic method for recording the pharmacist’s examination of a patient a diagnosis, supervises patient care, and refers patients . 2. An essential first step is the establishment of a patient–pharmacist relationship that supports engagement and effective communication with patients, Using principles of evidence-based practice, pharmacists: The pharmacist assures the collection of necessary subjective and objective information about the patient in order to understand the relevant medical/medication history and clinical status of the patient. With 66% of adults taking five or more drugs per day and 27% taking 10 or more per day, a pharmacist’s review is critical in identifying when prescriber outreach and consultation should be performed for the safety and well-being of the patient. A. Description of Services Provided. Schedules follow-up care as needed to achieve goals of therapy. the Pharmacists’ Patient Care Process. 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