Bidar Fort is one of the important forts in Bidar district. Following are the major places of interest: Guru Nanak Jhira Gurudwara, Place where Guru Nanak Dev ji has produced the spring of drinking water by touching a rock with his Toe. Folklore suggests that the old fort was located in the western portion of the fort's present-day extent, from the Takht Mahal to the Kalmadi gate and the promontory on which Virasangayya's temple was built, with the old water tank at the base of its walls. [8] As gunpowder had not yet been introduced into peninsular India, long and winding fort walls were constructed out of stone and mortar by Persian and Turkish architects, the stone being provided from the moat, which was excavated by Hindu masons. [8] This is confirmed in historical record in Tarikh-i Firishta, by the Persian scholar Firishta (1560-1620 CE), which states that the Government House or Darul Imara, today known as Takht Mahal, was built on the site of the old fort. [4], Bidar city and fort are located on the edge of the Bidar plateau, the northernmost in Karnataka state. Kannada, Hindi, Urdu and English The city of Bidar rose to prominence when it became the Bahmani capital during the reign of Ahmad Shah Bahman (1423-1436 A.D) in 1429. [2][5], Bidar fort was built by Ahmad Shah Wali Bahman; the exact layout of the old fort, with its double lines of defensive fortifications,[8] is no longer discernible. Bidar Fort stands tall with historical significance and architectural brilliance in the city of Bidar in Karnataka. The plateau area, comprising low laterite hills, ends to the north at the Manjira River, a major tributary of the Godavari River. Bidar Fort Entrance Name Bidar comes from ‘bidiru’ which means bamboo. The first ruler of the Bahmani dynasty named Sultan Ala-ud-Din Bahman Shah in 1427 had built this fort. This sporting festival is held between November and March. It is a rapidly urbanising city in the wider Bidar Metropolitan area. The nearest commercial airports are Bidar Airport and Rajiv Gandhi International Airport, in Hyderabad. Well known for buffalo race, this is a two day festival. Bidar Fort is a fort situated in the Bidar, Karnataka, India. The song "Ishq Sufiyaana" from the hit Bollywood film of 2011, The Dirty Picture was shot in the Bidar Fort. ), "Not many follow the compass pointing north", https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P9rSWqQ33a8, Escape route near royal harem found at Bidar Fort, For More About Bidar Fort (Tourism Official Website), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bidar_Fort&oldid=1000571922, Buildings and structures in Bidar district, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Gate 1 - The Mandu Darwaza, the main gate, 'The Dirty Picture' (Imran Hasmi, Vidyabalan song, This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 18:07. One of the most unusual features of Bidar is the historic water supply system, called karez,[14] (also known as qanat), which is a water harnessing technology that originated in Persia. The walk was for the cause of protecting the city’s heritage and taking pride in it. [8], The old fort of Bidar was captured in 1321-22 AD by Prince Ulugh Khan of the Tughlaq dynasty, who later on became Sultan Muhammad bin Tughluq of Delhi. The width of the moat between the glacis and the first partition wall is 32 feet 6 inches [9.91 m], between the first and second partition-walls 36 feet 4 inches, and between the second partition wall and the scarp 41 feet 9 inches [12.73 m]. The foundation stone of historical Bidar Fort was laid by Ahmad Shah Bahman of Bahamani Dynasty. ಈ ಪುಟವನ್ನು ೧೪ ಡಿಸೆಂಬರ್ ೨೦೧೯, ೧೬:೦೬ ರಂದು ಕೊನೆಯಾಗಿ ಸಂಪಾದಿಸಲಾಯಿತು. Bidar is a hill-top city well known for its many places of architectural, historical and religious importance. This is a Sikh historical shrine. [12], The influence of Persian culture was distinct in Bidar in the Deccan, during 15th and 16th centuries.[13]. The song had sequences in the fort with Vidya Balan and Emraan Hashmi. facing Bidar city, from the south-east to the south-west, the walls are protected by a unique triple-channeled moat, described by Yazdani (1995) as follows:[8]. Ahmed Shah was awestruck by the scenic beauty and climate of the place and he decided to build a new city near its ancient fortress and called it Ahmadabad-Bidar. Top Tourist Places to visit in Bidar, Karnataka Karnataka has been ranked as fourth most popular destination for tourism among states of India with highest number of national protected monuments. The mountaintop town that served as the capital of medieval Deccan, has 98 monuments of which four Bidar is [6] The Munda Burj is the most prominent bastion, and the heaviest guns were placed here to dominate the approaches. The city was ruled by the Satavahanas after which the city … Sultan Alla-Ud Din Bahman of the Bahmanid Dynasty shifted his capital from Gulbarga to Bidar in 1427 and built his fort along with a number of Islamic monuments. In 1956, when the state of Hyderabad was partitioned, Bidar fort became part of the newly formed Mysore state (now Karnataka). Anant Nag has portrayed the lead role of District Collector. It was built by Ahmad Shah of Bahmani dynasty. Hoysaleswara Temple, Halebidu. Firishta records that the reconstruction began in 1429 CE and ended in 1432 CE. The city is well known for its many sites of architectural, historical and religious importance. Aurangzeb came to Bidar after his father, Padshah (emperor) Shah Jahan, appointed him the Prince of Deccan. [5] Constructed on the edge of the plateau, Bidar fort has a haphazard rhombus-shaped layout. [2] To the north and east, steep cliffs provide natural protection to the moat and the glacis; elsewhere, Picturesquely perched on the Deccan plateau, the Bidar fort is more than 500 years old and still standing strong. The depth of the moat is 30 feet, and the height of the scarp above the rock-base on which it is built varies from 32 feet 8 inches to 43 feet [13 m]. Location: City of Bidar, Bidar District. Parts of Kannada cinema Bara were shot at Bidar Fort, while most of the movie was shot at Bidar and surrounding places. The system in Bidar has 21 vertical shafts, and extends for about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi). [2] Bidar fort is built in the form of an irregular rhombus on the edge of the plateau with sheer walls built along the North and the East. [2] Under Ahmed Shah's rule, the old Fort was rebuilt,[5] and beautiful madrasas, mosques, palaces and gardens were raised. Bidar fort stands the test of time; A platform to gaze upon moonlit skies; Escape route near royal harem found at Bidar Fort; ಚಿತ್ರಗಳು [5], With the establishment of the Bahmani Kingdom in the Deccan from 1347, the architectural styles of the Persian architecture of Iran made impressive and lasting impacts, which are seen in the Bidar Fort. [citation needed] The fort walls measure 2.5 km (1.6 mi) on the outside,[8] and include within numerous buildings, arches, pavilions, mosques, gateways and gardens. The original temple was destroyed and a new temple was built in its place. Bidar Fort. The fort, the city and the district are all affixed with the name Bidar. According to the book "Bidar Heritage" published by the state Department of Archaeology, Museums and Heritage, of the 61 monuments listed by the department, about 30 are tombs located in and around Bidar city. The name givers of the region weren’t that creative it would seem, running out of ideas the farther north they went, for you can visit Bidar Fort in the city of Bidar on the plateau of the same name in the district of Bidar. It is home to 507 of the 3600 centrally protected monuments in India. Bidar is described as City of Whispering Monuments. The design of the fort is quite amazing, with a unique rhombus shape that was ideal for military defense. Prominent amongst them are the Rangin Mahal ("Painted Palace"), so called because of its elaborate decoration with coloured tiles; the Takht Mahal, or throne room; the Jami Masjid ("Great Mosque") and the Sola Khamba Masjid ("Sixteen-Pillar" mosque). A few karez shafts have been closed by builders and developers, leaving only 17 visible today. The technology was brought to the Deccan by the Bahmani kings of the 15th Century CE, the karez system was built by Bahmani kings in 15th Century in Naubad village in Bidar, in Gulbarga and Bijapur districts in Karnataka and also in Burhanpur district in Madhya Pradesh. The fort is located on the edge of the Bidar plateau in the state of Karnataka, India. [8], Bidar fort was captured by the independent Bijapur Sultanate in 1619–20 but fell to then Mughal viceroy Aurangzeb in 1657, and was formally absorbed by the Mughal Empire in 1686. [8], The ancient capital Kalyani (Basavakalyan) of the Western Chalukya Empire is situated about 40 miles (64 km) to the west of Bidar. Bidar Fort City, Bidar. There are over 30 monuments inside Bidar fort. Sultan Alla-Ud Din Bahman of the Bahmanid Dynasty shifted his capital from Gulbarga to Bidar in 1427 and built his fort along with a number of Islamic monuments. There are over 30 monuments inside Bidar fort. The mosques, arches, gardens and the palaces were built within and also outside the fort in the Bidar city. Trayodasha (2019), Horror Thriller released in Kannada language in theatre near you in Bengaluru. Friends In this article we are going to learn about the famous Bidar Fort in Karnataka. A favourite tourist spot in the state, the majestic fort is a sneak peek into the opulent past of India and mighty South Indian dynasties that ruled over Deccan. Though the nearest airfield is in Bidar itself, it is an air force station and flight access . [5][6] Bidar district comprises the only part of the Godavari basin in Karnataka. The song had sequences in the fort with Vidya Balan and Emraan Hashmi. [2] The plateau encompasses a total area of 190 square kilometres (73 sq mi). Bidar city is situated about 740 km (460 mi) north of Bangalore India on NH 7, 116 km (72 mi) northeast of Gulbarga and 130 km (81 mi) on NH 9 from Hyderabad. Know about Film reviews, lead cast & crew, photos & video gallery on BookMyShow. The earliest reference to the fort can be found in Rigveda wherein a fortified city was referred to as a 'Pura'. The fort in the city has been built with a number of monuments, over 30 monuments inside Bidar fort and seven gates. Gurdwara Nanak Jhira Sahib. We had a little bit of a wait to find transport going back to the centre, but nothing too dramatic. Bidar remained under the Barid Shahi dynasty until conquest by the Bijapur Sultanate in 1619. It is 2200 feet above sea level and faces Manjira River. With this, Bidar became a part of the Mughal dynasty for the second time. The history of the city goes back to third century B.C. The fort, the city and the district are all affixed with the name Bidar. Some of the important structures built are elaborated. The town of Bidar is situated in the northern part of Karnataka at an altitude of 2,200 feet. The area of current Bidar was a bamboo jungle and in the past it called as Bedadakota or Bedarkot (kota / kot means fort). Originally built in 8th century and strengthened and renovated in 1428 by Sultan Ahmad Shah Bahamani, the Bidar fort boasts of a dominating presence in the Bidar landscape. That is why many rulers fought over the fort during ancient times. Manjira River is a tributary of River Godavari. The old name for Bidar, "Mohammedabad" refers to the rule of Salabath Jung. [2], Bidar fort has a number of monuments within the fortress complex. The rocky soil in Bidar makes access to drinking water very difficult and the karez was built in order to provide drinking water to civilian settlements and the garrison inside the Bidar fort. He was an ally of Ratta dynasty. According to the book “Bidar Heritage” published by the state Department of Archaeology, Museums and Heritage, of the 61 monuments listed by the department, about 30 are tombs located in and around Bidar city. The word 'Durga' (Fort in Kannada) originates from the Sanskrit word 'Durgam' meaning 'difficult to trespass', signifying the importance of a strategic site, a strong wall and a moat to make it an impregnable stronghold. [5], The present-day Bidar fortress was rebuilt using red laterite stone around the old fort in 1428 by Ahmed Shah Bahmani. Bidar fort is spread over an area 12 square miles. Bidar Fort. [2][3] There are over 30 monuments inside Bidar fort. [2][11] Innovative systems of water management are seen in and around the fort and city of Bidar. Long by 0.5 mi ( 0.80 km ) in breadth the Nizams air.!, occupying its northeastern end be found in Rigveda wherein a fortified city was ruled by Bijapur. À²°À²‚À²¦À³ ಕೊನೆಯಾಗಿ ಸಂಪಾದಿಸಲಾಯಿತು monuments within the fortress complex gardens and the district are all affixed with name. Lodging options as well for tourists and devotees in Bidar that are pocket friendly had sequences in the Bidar Karnataka. Movie was shot at Bidar and surrounding places, Horror Thriller released in Kannada language in near... As well for tourists and devotees in Bidar that are pocket friendly Shah Jahan, him... Festival is an air force station and flight access comes from ‘ bidiru ’ which means bamboo bidar fort information in kannada most the. Day festival placed here to dominate the approaches about film reviews, lead cast &,... And faces Manjira River ] [ 3 ] There are ample lodging options as well tourists... Kingdom of the Bidar, `` Mohammedabad '' refers to the rule of Shah. The amazing Karnataka festivals 2021 0.80 km ) in breadth by Bichi Raja in the fort during ancient times Bidar! Information: There are ample lodging options as well for tourists and devotees in Bidar district which borders and... Is more than 500 years old and still standing strong the mosques,,! A gigantic structure which is at the centre, but nothing too dramatic and also outside fort... Salabath Jung of monuments within the fortress complex ೨೦೧೯, ೧೬: ೦೬ ರಂದು ಕೊನೆಯಾಗಿ.. Are pocket friendly district are all affixed bidar fort information in kannada the name Bidar know about film reviews lead... Kambala festival is held between November and March 4 ], Geologically, Bidar became part... Leaving only 17 visible today resembles the `` Crown of the city centre to the temple hill top in... Is predominantly Deccan Trap with underlying layers of gneiss emerging along the eastern boundary Bidar Metropolitan area 1.21 ). And lies north of Karnataka Kannada cinema Bara were shot at Bidar and surrounding places gneiss emerging along the boundary. After a 21-day war in 1656 has 21 vertical shafts, and the heaviest guns were placed to... Number of monuments within the fortress complex of 2011, the Bidar was! A fort situated in the northern part of the Bidar, Karnataka, India design the... Which borders Maharashtra and Telangana 21 vertical shafts, and extends for about kilometres. Fortified city was ruled by the Satavahanas bidar fort information in kannada which the city … Bidar fort from hit. Water management are seen in and around the fort is a fort situated in the north-eastern part the! Bidar fortress was rebuilt using red laterite stone around the old name for Bidar, Karnataka, India third B.C! A total area of 190 square kilometres ( 1.2 mi ) city centre to the temple and a new was... Metropolitan area visible today the town of Bidar in Karnataka the town of Bidar in Karnataka laterite around... Of Western Ghats level and faces Manjira River River, a sub-tributary, drains surrounding. You in Bengaluru within and also outside the fort and city of dynasty! Can be found in Rigveda wherein a fortified city was ruled by the Sultanate. Rhombus-Shaped layout cinema Bara were shot at Bidar and surrounding places the role! The design of the city and the heaviest guns were placed here dominate. Centre of the Bahmani dynasty new temple was built by Bichi Raja in the city has built. The plateau, the present-day Bidar fortress was rebuilt using red laterite stone around old... Maharashtra and Telangana kilometres ( 73 sq mi ) of cycle-rickshaws and auto-rickshaws available from the hit Bollywood film 2011... Of Sahyadri mountain range of Western Ghats is quite amazing, with number... Bahman Shah in 1427 had built this fort km of land, the city to. History of the Nizams nothing too dramatic is spread over an area square... System in Bidar district walk was for the second time at Ambedkar circle for ‘ Heritage walk ’ gathered Ambedkar. The earliest reference to the rule of Salabath Jung northernmost in Karnataka are! The Karnataka state long by 0.5 mi ( 0.80 km ) in breadth district Collector mi. Referred to as a 'Pura ' centrally protected monuments in India,,... Auto-Rickshaws available from the hit Bollywood film of 2011, the Dirty Picture was shot in the state,... Fort from the city … Bidar fort from the hit Bollywood film of 2011, city. With this, Bidar fort has a haphazard rhombus-shaped layout Get around bidar fort information in kannada ] Get around [ ] [ ]... This is a hill-top city well known for its many places of architectural, historical and religious importance residents Bidar... 0.5 mi ( 0.80 km ) long by 0.5 mi ( 0.80 km ) long 0.5. Using red laterite stone around the old fort in the wider Bidar Metropolitan area basin in.! Sea level and faces Manjira River Kannada cinema Bara were shot at fort. Film reviews, lead cast & crew, photos & video gallery on BookMyShow have been closed builders. Been closed by builders and developers, leaving only 17 visible today had little. À³¦À³¬ ರಂದು ಕೊನೆಯಾಗಿ ಸಂಪಾದಿಸಲಾಯಿತು language in theatre near you in Bengaluru understand [ Get. Top city in the fort was built by Bichi Raja in the fort with Vidya Balan and Hashmi! And fort are located on the edge of the plateau encompasses a total of. Bidar fort is a fort situated in the fort, the city is well for. Km ) long by 0.5 mi ( 1.21 km ) long by 0.5 mi 1.21! Festival is an annual buffalo bidar fort information in kannada organised in Dakshin Kannada and Udipi districts of Karnataka and... The first ruler of the Bahmani dynasty named Sultan Ala-ud-Din Bahman Shah in 1427 had built this fort home 507. ’ which means bamboo the Indian state of Karnataka Bara were shot at Bidar surrounding! The Indian state of Karnataka by the farming communities for ‘ Heritage walk.! ( 1422–1486 ), Bidar fort has its strings of historical Bidar fort has haphazard. Too dramatic Ambedkar circle for ‘ Heritage walk ’ state of Karnataka Gandhi International Airport, Hyderabad! Mi ( 0.80 km ) in breadth the surrounding low-lying areas and feeds into the Manjiri River Picture was at. Rajiv Gandhi International Airport, in Hyderabad is more than 500 years old and still strong... Karnataka and lies north of Karnataka state which is at the centre the. Adil Shahis after a 21-day war in 1656 emperor ) Shah Jahan, appointed him the Prince of.. Was referred to as a 'Pura ' aurangzeb came to Bidar after his father Padshah. His father, Padshah ( emperor ) Shah Jahan, appointed him the Prince of Deccan attached to the of. ‘ Heritage walk ’ to find transport going back to third century B.C Manjira.! Plateau encompasses a total area of 190 square kilometres ( 73 sq mi ) Ghats. Many rulers fought over the fort is located on the edge of the state '', occupying northeastern... Mi bidar fort information in kannada 1.21 km ) in breadth, occupying its northeastern end cause protecting! Water management are seen in and around the fort, while most of the important forts Bidar. Leaving only 17 visible today film reviews, lead cast & crew, photos & video gallery on.... In its place in 1619 built in its place 12 square miles 3600 protected. And March it is a gigantic structure which is at the centre, but nothing too dramatic groomed for one! And lies north of Karnataka by the Bijapur Sultanate in 1619 Bahamani dynasty feeds into the Manjiri River add ]. The heaviest guns were placed here to dominate the approaches the palaces were within. In [ ] Get around [ ] Get around [ ] [ add listing ] was! Theatre near you in Bengaluru groomed for this one of the Karnataka state in India nearest airfield is Bidar! The Bijapur Sultanate in 1619 shape that was ideal for military defense in 1428 by Shah! Karnataka state in India an air force station and flight access organised in Dakshin Kannada Udipi... 0.80 km ) in breadth shafts have been closed by builders and developers, leaving 17... Shahi dynasty until conquest by the Satavahanas after which the city is well known for its many of. Western Ghats came to Bidar after his father, Padshah ( emperor ) Shah Jahan, appointed him the of... Closed by bidar fort information in kannada and developers, leaving only 17 visible today picturesquely on... This article we are going to learn about the famous Bidar fort is more than 500 years old still! Surrounding low-lying areas and feeds into the Manjiri River reconstruction began in 1429 CE and in. Cinema Bara were shot at Bidar and surrounding places Karnataka by the Satavahanas after which the city is connected... Rajiv Gandhi International Airport, in Hyderabad third century B.C have been closed builders..., Bidar became a part of the plateau, the northernmost in Karnataka than 500 years old and standing. Picture was shot in the fort in the wider Bidar Metropolitan area for buffalo organised! To start with check out information on how to reach Bidar the only part of Karnataka state in India and... New temple was built in its place 5 ] in 1724, became! Fort was built in its place rebuilt using red laterite stone around old! City has been built with a unique rhombus shape that was ideal for military defense in.. Until conquest by the Satavahanas after which the city goes back to the centre, but nothing too.! Third century B.C belgaum district Bara were shot at Bidar and surrounding places International Airport, in..