In the year 1783, Farzana Zeb un-Nissa had saved Delhi from a possible invasion by a force of 30,000 Sikh troops, under Baghel Singh, Jassa Singh Ramgarhia and Jassa Singh Ahluwalia. The Marathas in 1804 under Yashwantrao Holkar tried to snatch Delhi from the British in Siege of Delhi (1804), but failed. In 1793 East India Company was strong enough and abolished Nizamat (local rule) completely and annexed Bengal. But the conflict soon involved the intervention of the assertive East India Company. Meanwhile, Mir Qasim's relations with the British East India company began to worsen. In 1760, after Shah Alam's militia gaining control over pockets in Bengal, Bihar and parts of Odisha, Prince Ali Gauhar and his Mughal Army of 30,000 intended to overthrow Mir Jafar and Feroze Jung III after they tried to capture or kill him by advancing towards Awadh and Patna in 1759. They carried the bounty, including the two great silver doors to the entrance of the famous Taj Mahal. The Mughal Emperor no longer had the military power to enforce his will, but he commanded respect as a dignified member of the House of Timur in the length and breadth of the country. This was the period of "Dual rule" where East India company enacted laws to maximise collection of revenue and the Mughal Emperor appointed Nawab looked after other affairs of the province. [23] The Jat kingdom of Bharatpur waged many wars against the Mughal Delhi and in the 17th and 18th century carried out numerous campaigns in Mughal territories including Agra. Shah Alam II authored his own Diwan of poems and was known by the pen-name Aftab. Ali Gohar (25 June 1728 – 19 November 1806), historically known as Shah Alam II, was the sixteenth Mughal Emperor and the son of Alamgir II. After the defeats at Muzaffargarh and later at Ghanaur, Majad-ud-Daula was arrested by the orders of Shah Alam II, who then recalled Mirza Najaf Khan. Ali Gauhar, historically known as Shah Alam II, was the eighteenth Mughal Emperor and the son of Alamgir II. In the year 1771 the Marathas under Mahadji Shinde returned to northern India and even captured Delhi. They attacked, won and extracted payments from Delhi eighteen times in 11 years particularly in 1772, 1778 and Battle of Delhi (1783). [29] A drunken ruffian, Ghulam Qadir behaved with gross brutality to the emperor and his family. Shah Alam II became the emperor of a crumbling Mughal empire. Shah Jahan III (1711 – 1772), (شاه جہاں ۳) also known as Muhi-ul-millat was Mughal Emperor briefly. Tax exempt status was also restored to the company. He restored Shah Alam II to the throne and acted as his protector. Along with the Marathas they undertook to win the crown lands of Rohilkhand and defeated Zabita Khan, capturing the fort of Pathar garh with its treasure. Shah Alam II, (25 June 1728 – 19 November 1806) was the eighteenth Mughal Emperor and the son of Alamgir II. The demands were agreed upon by Shah Alam II with a written agreement. Born: 22 April 1760 (1760-04-22) Mukundpur Father: Shah Alam.II. After Durrani decisively defeated the Marathas, he nominated Ali Gauhar as the emperor under the name Shah Alam II.[8]. Shah Alam II, was escorted by Mahadaji Shinde and left Allahabad in May 1771 and in January 1772 reached Delhi. [29][self-published source], Nawab Majad-ud-Daula was followed by a known enemy of the Mughals, the grandson of Najib Khan, Ghulam Qadir, with his Sikh allies forced Shah Alam II to appoint him as the Grand Vizier of the Mughal Empire. Entrance gate built by the Nawab of Oudh, replicating the Sublime Porte (Bab-i Hümayun) in Istanbul. Sikhs had been in perpetual war against Mughal intolerance specially after beheading of the Sikh Guru - Guru Teg Bahadur by the Mughals. 1799, Ranjit Singh brought all the Sikh Misls together to form an empire, the Sikh Empire. Shah Alam II, was well supported by Jean Law de Lauriston and 200 Frenchmen during his campaign to regain the Eastern Subahs (during the Seven Years' War). Shah Alam II was considered the only and rightful emperor, but he wasn't able to return to Delhi until 1772, under the protection of the Maratha general Mahadaji Shinde. Detailed information about the coin 1 Pice, Shah Alam II, India, British, with pictures and collection and swap management : mintage, descriptions, metal, weight, size, value and other numismatic data Prince Ali Gauhar's father had been appointed Mughal Emperor by Vizier Feroze Jung III and Maratha Peshwa's brother Sadashivrao Bhau.[7]. 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