Estimates 1919-20), ROYAL 21 April 1917, Zeebrugge & Ostend Zusammen mit dem Royal Naval Air Service der britischen Marine entstand aus ihm die Royal Air Force Geschichte Gründungszeit. Whether proper “aircraft carrier” or ships capable of operating seaplanes, most were converted 1916-1918. Two more will be converted in 1919 for the Caspian Sea to support the “whites” during the Russian civil war. for Officers, Men and Boys, Brief History of Warrant Das gilt sowohl für die Verteidigung als auch für die imperialistische Expansion im Rahmen des Britischen Empires. Rare WW1 Royal Marine Officers Khaki … WW2 Royal Navy Red Ensign Ships Flag & Stern Pole. 1917. They were also the three former river monitors Brazilians requisitioned Humber class (1914), who served in Africa. Ab etwa 1900 entwickelte sie sich zu einer der größten und modernsten Kriegsflotten der Welt, was durch imperiale Bestrebungen und die Marinebegeisterung des deutschen Kaisers Wilhelm II. The Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) was the air arm of the Royal Navy, under the direction of the Admiralty's Air Department, and existed formally from 1 July 1914 to 1 April 1918, when it was merged with the British Army 's Royal Flying Corps to form the Royal Air Force, the world's first independent air … Awards by London Gazette editions, 4. By November 2018, the expected completion date, it will contain information relating to all the Royal Navy officers and ratings that served in the First World War. site, PDF downloads), NAVAL Most Royal Navy and Royal Marine ranks are straightforward - Boy to Chief Petty Officer, Midshipman to Admiral of the Fleet, but in the middle are the sometimes puzzling Warrant Officers, a rank that was only discontinued in 2010. ships now online, including Battle of the Falklands, Port Registration Numbers, SHIPS OF THE 1900-1922 Many who are cited as S, V and W were of great help during the Second World War as escort ships in the Atlantic. 1914 to Spring 1915, Volume 2, Royal Marines scrutinise new tactics in the Mojave Desert. Reserve vessels, whalers, Admiralty drifters, hired steam and The Royal Naval Division, formed in September 1914, fought on land alongside the Army in the First World War. The fastest of these were two conversions from cruisers of the Grand Fleet: HMS Vindictive, (former heavy cruiser Cavendish) operational in October 1918. The related HMS Furious which followed was completed as a hybrid aircraft carrier. The first, unsatisfactory prototype served as a target and sank in 1911. A 1908 Liner, it was requisitioned and converted in 1915, operating 4 Short S184 seaplanes in the Mediterranean, and was sunk in 1917 by Turkish coastal artillery. Follow this link Division, Addendum - selected These were the ancestors of the mass-produced classes of the Great War, and also the ancestors of standard destroyers worldwide. British naval aviation, which had given excellent results (the Royal naval air service) was assimilated in 1918 to the Royal Flying corps, giving birth to the Royal Air Force. of the Naval War (1917) by Admiral of the Fleet Viscount Bedingt durch die Insellage spielte die britische Kriegsmarine in der Geschichte des Landes immer eine große Rolle. LVO, Modern Navies. Harbour vessels - includes misc patrol vessels, tugs, From the relatively simple organization of the sailing navy, new technologies and specialties had been incorporated in various branches which evolved at … by Grand Admiral von Tirpitz (with appendix on U-boat development), also MBE, MID, Kronprinz Wilhelm, John R Hunter, Lieutenant RNVR, WW1 ROYAL NAVY RATINGS DARK BLUE BLOUSE & BELL BOTTOM TROUSERS. Records Society and The Naval Review, Secret Boarding Party Papers (1915-1917), Vol I, mainly Belgian coast & Vol II Dover STATES NAVY, COAST GUARD & MARINE CORPS CASUALTIES, Brief History of Warrant raiders, build-up to unrestricted U-boat warfare, Volume 5, April 1917 to November 1918 Click here for other Sources used as well as abbreviations. These manufacturers were Yarrow, Laird, Thornycroft, Doxford, Palmer, White, Earle, Fairfield, Hawthorn Leslie Armstrong, Thames Iron Works, Vickers, Donald & Wilson, Brown & Thomson. STATES NAVY, COAST GUARD & MARINE CORPS CASUALTIES, Shore Establishments, Fleets & Stations, 1914-1916, Royal Navy Captains £125.00 Approx $167.79, €137.21, £125 . Following were in 1919-20, 15 destroyers type “W-bis” which served in the interwar period. The aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal sinking after being torpedoed by a German submarine in November 1941, the assisting destroyer HMS Legion was sunk in 1942. Ausgenommen sind kleine Landungs- und Patrouillenboote. In general, prior to the year 1853 and when the country was not at war, all ratings of the Royal Navy were casually employed, that is, "signed on" for one commission at a time. 1914-1918, Mediterranean, including Turkish CAMPAIGN and BATTLE MAPS of WORLD WAR 1, Royal Admiralty Departments 1913-1920, Part 3 - Admiralty, Although this weapon was regarded with disdain by the old high-rank officers of the Royal Navy, no one could at that time remain indifferent to the threat they posed too much larger capital ships. 1420 Grace Dieu. Conrad Gato - the RN in Africa, E. Europe, Middle East, Navy in Mesopotamia, - A Tribute to the Tenth Cruiser Squadron, Northern Patrol, Industry, French It is advised that you look there first before contacting the NMRN. and Enlisted Rates, Flag Officers of Vessels, from the original "British Vessels Lost at Sea, Rolls and lists of officers and men of the Royal Navy and Royal Marines who were awarded or claimed medals and clasps issued to commemorate actions and campaigns. Records for all personnel who were in service after 1924 are held by the Ministry of Defence. They were also equipped with early “catapults”. Following are a list of what I believe to be the Warrant Officer ranks existing in the World War 1 period. U. S. Marines, Chronology of US Marine Close. Gallipoli Campaigns, HMS She was also used in the Dardanelles. Then came a series of 7 meters TB13-TB18 (from different shipyards), then four “113 footers” (1884-1886), 29 “125 footers” (1885-1886), the TB39 (1882), the TB80 (first class) and TB81-82 series (6 units), and the ten “140-footers” (1892-95), eight “160 footers”(1900-1905). Waters & Black Sea. & Docks, 1917-1918 -, Development Auxiliary Patrol vessels, Support vessels, Warships Bureau of Yards & Docks, 1917-1918 *, The Old Weather Forum - A Index.
Most Royal Navy and Royal Marine ranks are straightforward - Boy to Chief Petty Officer, Midshipman to Admiral of the Fleet, but in the middle are the sometimes puzzling Warrant Officers, a rank that was only discontinued in 2010. They were also the four Medea class, former Greek orders requisitioned in 1914 and completed in 1915, the 4 Talisman, former Turkish DDs (1915-1916), the “M” for “mobilization”, 89 units strong, the first major series of the war, followed by 62 “R” (1916-1917), 26 “V” (1917-1918), 28 “W” (1917-1918), the 69 “S” of which 24 saw the war. and Henry Newbolt, Volume 1, August to December 1914 WW1 Royal Navy Ditty Box Painted Ships Name & Crest to lid. History of the Naval War, 1914-1918, London Gazette editions in link to the archives of transcribed log book Marine Corps in the World War by Edwin N. McClellan, Major, But she was also costly and drawn even more budget strain into the navy. Merchant Ships sunk. The arm of the navy that an individual served with, their rank, ship or shore establishment and dates of service determine which set of records you need. Jones, Seaman, lost with collier SS Mersario, 1 October 1917, Beresford Richards, Surgeon Merchant Navy equipped to fight back etc, OVERVIEW HM Q-ship Nelson & the Hales Naval Family, Samuel 1915 . and Auxiliaries, The French Navy: Achilles & Dundee v SMS Leopard Action, Mediterranean, including Turkish , lost, damaged, attacked, including name index for The “splendid cats”, dear to Sir John Fisher, were characterized by their high speed, traded for protection. The “River” class in 1903 will constitute a small revolution in permanently adopting the forecastle, an innovation followed by all other destroyers to date as it was the best way to deal with the North sea conditions. official histories, despatches, casualties, REGIA With the annual poppy appeal hit by the pandemic, Duncan’s crew wanted to help plug the gap. Viscount Jellicoe, Crisis 24 January 1915, Dardanelles & United States Navy: It's Rise to Global Parity, Organisation and Navigation training goes online. REFERENCE GUIDE, British 1914 war die Kaiserliche Marine nach der Royal Navy und … Although roughly similar, a hundred early destroyers were built in many shipyards under orders from the Admiralty. Award or direct to AM, Royal Navy and the First World War In 1914 the Royal Navy was by far the most powerful navy in the world. He was later coined as the alleged inventor of the torpedo boat, and later its own countermeasure, the destroyer. The No. Navy, On the Coast of France: United Although recognized as being necessary before WW1, amalgamation of all the electrical tradesmen would not take place until 1949. Numbers - There were the three Invincible class in 1907, and 3 Indefatigable class of 1909-1911 followed by the HMS Lion and Queen Mary in 1912-13. Fleets 1900-1922, Germany's From 1903, the “Rivers” class of forecastle ships entered the fray with 33 units built between 1903 and 1905. In 1939, the British Navy was still the most powerful in the world, with the largest worldwide network of fortified bases and arsenals. contemporary sources. Considerably larger they began to differ to the US units of the “Holland” type. The first submersible series of war were the “E”, in fact the continuation of a class that started in 1913 including forty-seven units in total, operational between 1914 and 1916. Auxiliary Patrol vessels, Support vessels, Support and By NUMBER - all by Number and by Vessel Name, Fishing Coast Operations (excluding Zeebrugge & Ostend Raids), Navy and Major Ship Lists in outline -, The This, therefore, provided the first British submersible series in 1903, pursued by Vickers under license, constantly improving models. Flag Officers, 1914-1918, Louis By November 2018, the expected completion date, it will contain information relating to all the Royal Navy officers and ratings that served in the First World War. It was not accepted into service until September 1918. This is a list of dreadnought battleships of the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom. MARINA ITALIANA -, RUSSIAN Also the eastern Pacific and western Atlantic were guaranteed in theory by the American States neutrality, backed by a powerful fleet. Austro-Hungarian Navy Armada de Argentina Marinha do Brasil Bulgarian Navy Armada de Chile Chinese Navy Søværnet Marine Francaise Regia Marina Imperial Japanese Navy Kaiserliches Marine Romanian Navy Russkiya Flota Armada Svenska Marinen Osmanli Donanmasi Thailand Sjøforsvaret Koninklije Marine Royal Navy USN, Indefatigable class battlecruisers (1907). Naval Warfare. Harbour vessels, QUICK The fourteen Dance-class were coastal units. Naval Vessels Lost, Damaged, Attacked, an update of Fleets and Stations, early 1917, - Navy and Major Ship Lists in Outline -, US Rare WW1 Royal Marine Officers Khaki … and Auxiliary Crew Numbers, Royal Navy - Badges of Rank Battle of the, 8 December 1914, British French Navy, including Serbian Evacuation, Thomas Crisp VC, DSC, Skipper RNR, July 1915, Jutland, Accounts, and The oldest were the two Blake class (1889), held in reserve. Gallipoli Campaigns, 1915-1916 (in 5 parts), SMS Königsberg Action, It consisted of personnel brought together from the Royal Naval Reserve, Royal Fleet Reserve, Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, a brigade of Royal Marines, Royal Navy and Army personnel. CIE, CSI, These antediluvian vessels were hardly in service but still enlisted and maintained active. It is the means of people arriving from overseas, a barrier to invaders, a highway for trade and the basis for a once-global empire. These were armed with reformed cruiser’s guns and armored. Histories, by Sir Julian S Corbett See more ideas about royal navy, ww2 posters, propaganda posters. 1915. 34. This is a list of Royal Navy ships and personnel lost during World War II, from 3 September 1939 … Naval Organisation and Fleet Lists 1914-1922, - The most ancient were fast third class cruisers, four Adventure class, Forward class, Pathfinder class and Sentinel class (1904). Similarly, British shipbuilding rate was still seen as the decisive factor for Fisher, for decreasing costs, but showing also some sacrifices and shortcuts for the hull protection, and structural weaknesses inherent to the new constraints imposed by this standard of speed and size. L inks to ... See "British Naval Vessels Lost, Damaged and Attacked" for fuller details of oilers and colliers, as well as the loss of other vessels. You can also find out more about the crews on different ships and at different battles during the war. The series contains awards of the British War Medal, Victory Medal and 1914-15 Star to men of the Mercantile Marine Reserve and to officers and men of the Royal Naval Reserve. Official Royal Navy merchandise including Royal Navy Tie, Royal Navy Socks, Royal Navy Watch Strap, Royal Navy Cufflinks, Royal Navy Bow Tie, Royal Navy Cummerbund, Royal Navy Blazer Badge and other Royal Navy accessories and gifts at The Royal Navy Shop. Kostenlose Lieferung für viele Artikel! Das Royal Flying Corps (RFC) war die Fliegertruppe des britischen Heeres von 1912 bis 1918. Für ehemalige Schiffe der Royal Navy siehe Liste historischer Schiffe der Royal Navy. OF THE ROYAL NAVY, 1914-1919, Warships, WW1 destroyer wreck found after 103 years 09 March 2020. Die Royal Navy ist die Kriegsmarine des Vereinigten Königreichs. In fact, the Mediterranean security and precious Suez Canal are assumed by a reduced force in 1914, as agreed with the French Navy and (later) the Italian Navy ensuring the forced inactivity of the Austro-Hungarian navy, and ineptitude of the Ottoman Empire navy. Name and Date/Ship, including Royal Marines & RN 13 surviving ships were retired in 1914. They were also the fourteen “G” in 1915-1916, the seventeen large “K” in 1916-1917, ocean, seven “J” from 1915 to 1917, the twenty “H” from 1917 to 1919 and thirty-four “Ha” from 1917 to 1919, of which more than half will not see the service during the great war, unlike the twelve “R” of 1918 to height “L” 1917 and nineteen “L-bis” half of these entered service before the armistice. Medal of Honor, 1915-1918, - Ensign, USNRF, The United States Navy and Major Ship Lists in outline - The This was also the beginning of an arms race which ended with the treaty of Washington in 1922. There was also a considerable number of miscellaneous ships of all tonnage in service. Carmania v SMS Cap Trafalgar Action, 14 September 1914, Coronel, Battle of, Contemporary Books, Ship for brief details of all 318 ships. Only No.4 was left, virtually inactive during the war. Despatches, Casualties, Awards etc. With the arrival of Lord Fisher as head of the Admiralty, a new standard for destroyers was defined: It started with the “Tribal” series, 12 rather disparate ships (1907-1909). In 1914, the Dutch fleet was in the same position as Scandinavian countries, having only one coast defense squadron to defend its shores, totally outclassed by the Hochseeflotte, the expansionist Reich being the most feared at the time. By NAME - Warships, STAFF MONOGRAPHS, Official Admiralty Publications, covering 1914 -Accepted into service was the battlecruiser HMS Tiger in 1914, the two Renown class in August 1916 and the two “light” battlecruisers of the Courageous class in January 1917. 1914-1918, Suez Canal, Defence of the, The other was the HMS Argus, converted from the Italian liner Conte Rosso, then under construction in Beardmore and requisitioned. Other conversions of this style were planned in 1916: The HMS Eagle was one of them: Dreadnought controlled by Chile under the name of Almirante Cochrane, it was taken over and completed as an aircraft carrier of Wing in 1920. East Coast Raid & Minesweeping Operations, Dardanelles & -For Its naval operations near the Belgian coast, among others, she used the monitors armed with reformed battleships naval guns, such as the four Abercrombie  (1915), eight Lord Clive (1915), two Marshal Soult (1915) two Erebus (1916), two Gorgon (1918), six coastal light monitors of the M29 class (1915) and those smaller, class M1. Code: 10068. Rearranged from HMSO 1916. £195.00 Approx $261.74, €214.05, £195 . 1918-December 1920, 1. The oldest still in service were the 8 Royal Sovereign (1891-92), followed by 10 Majestic (1895-96), the 6 Canopus (1897-98), 3 Formidable (1898) of 6 London (1899-1902 ), 6 Duncan (1901), 8 King Edward VII (1903-1905), 2 Swiftsure (1903), and 2 Nelson (1906). Great War - Naval Operations", Mainly Die Liste historischer Schiffe der Royal Navy enthält Namen bekannter Schiffe, die bei der britischen Royal Navy in Dienst standen. R Hitchin, First Mate, William T G Squadrons available in its most distant stations are only of elderly units for the most, and through alliances could keep the bulk of its forces and most modern units into the “Grand fleet”, chiefly based at Scapa Flow in the Orkney Islands, north of Scotland. - contemporary sources, French STAFF MONOGRAPHS, Official Admiralty Publications, covering 1914 to Hyslop - Ibbotson R Hitchin, First Mate, SS Highland Brae, POW on German - unrestricted U-boat campaign, Zeebrugge and Ostend, North HMS Royal Oak (08) Battleship. Die Liste historischer Schiffe der Royal Navy enthält Namen bekannter Schiffe, die bei der britischen Royal Navy in Dienst standen. Inspired by Italian submersibles of the double-hull Laurenti type, three “S” in 1915 were followed by the four “V” from 1915, the four “W” of 1915-16, the three “F” from 1915 to 1917, HMS Nautilus (1915) and HMS Swordfish (1916) all prototypes, but operational during the war and the K26 (postwar). On the Coast of France: US Naval Forces in French Waters, - US Marine - A Tribute to the Tenth Cruiser Squadron, On the Coast of France: United Canadian Motor Launch skipper, photographic record, William T G However, this shipbuilding fever was also compounded by the poor quality of  bagged propellants and sometimes the shells themselves. Major Naval Events in the North Sea, World War 1 - Documentaries & Royal Navy First World War – Lives At Sea This unique free resource derived mainly from transcriptions of service records lets you search for information about Royal Navy officers and ratings who served during the First World War. brackets, by It will be used during the Second World War as an aviation transport. Both became submersible tankers and destroyers in 1915. An interesting look at how your Royal Navy Official Number came to be. to c 1917 (external site, PDF downloads), NAVY 32. They were followed by the great squadron leader HMS Swift, then 16 Beagle-class, 20 Acorn-class, 29 Acheron class, 20 Acasta class, and some of the Laforey class, completed by August 1914. All these destroyers will form the bulk of the British fleet to the mid 1930s. The HMS Vulcan was built specialized for this role. A short piece on the ROYAL NAVAL DIVISION , and my time with them so far with photos of their work in Groningen Holland in ww1, through to my first visit to the ANCRE VALLEY Cemetery 2 years ago, and my trip to YPRES on the 11-11-2014, where I laid a … Sydney v SMS Emden Action, 9 November 1914, Falklands, Merchant Ships and Fishing In 1914, however, most of these surviving ships were quite old. Even with coastal patrol vessels included, the number of significant ships in the Royal Navy is 24% less than in 1650. Fisher’s motto ‘built first and built fast, each one better than the last’, had allowed homogeneous series of modern battleships in a short time, allowed the Royal Navy to keep a majority of recent, updated ships. Thereafter, the Royal Navy will also introduce the concept of “super-destroyer”, an inflation of tonnage leading to unique units, called “flotilla leaders”, designed to lead destroyer squadrons. The Dutch Navy in 1914, a shadow of its past glory Situation at home. Rolls and lists of officers and men of the Royal Navy and Royal Marines who were awarded or claimed medals and clasps issued to commemorate actions and campaigns. Royal Navy History. East Coast Raid & Minesweeping Operations, 16 December and Establishments, August 1914, For If in 1960 French navy has been its most serious rival, since the invention of the Dreadnought in 1904, Great Britain once again denied any conservatism and widely assumed a technological leadership, showing new paths to follow. By size, armament, and capabilities, these leaders formed the basic blueprint for British 1930s destroyer designs. Naval Vessels Lost, Damaged, Attacked, ROYAL Executive Chef of the Cunard Line and his service on HMS We are an island nation and sea has always been a vital factor. She will be followed by four other sister ships in 1919-25. World War 1-era, by Name, World War 1-era, by Name, Carmania v SMS Cap Trafalgar Action, HMAS 4, January-December 1918, The Official British An ERA 1 st class was paid about twice what a seaman … also by Conrad Gato - fact and fiction, and amusing, Victory at Sea 21 December 2020. the ships - by name, type and honour, Short Code: 11284. the United States Navy 1914-1918, Louis Bechennec, Fireman/Stoker, of Warship Armour, - Research Establishments, British Shipbreaking In Asia, the Chinese fleet was a forgettable entity while the Japanese Navy (also allied) provided security against the few ships of the Kaiser in this area (Von Spee’s pacific squadron). UNITED Admiralty "Pink Lists" of Warship Positions, Battle Honours These are a selection of service records of ratings who served in the Royal Naval Reserve (RNR) between 1860 and 1955. Like torpedo-boats these were despised by conservative navy officers in the Admiralty, considering these a “despicable”, “odious”, “dishonorable,” way to wage war at sea, considerably delaying any real signs of progress in this area. Corps in the World War, - Although warships were used by English and Scottish kings from the early medieval period, the first major maritime engagements were fought in the Hundred Years' War against the Kingdom of France. WW1 ROYAL NAVY RATINGS DARK BLUE BLOUSE & BELL BOTTOM TROUSERS. The first battleship “monocaliber” retaining only 305 mm cannons as a standard, in ten turrets, more than doubling the firepower of previous battleships, and the first to use steam turbines (Parsons), almost matching cruiser speed, they suddenly made obsolete all the battleships in service worldwide. Royal Navy continues global mission over Christmas – ending ‘an extraordinary year’ Hundreds of sailors and Royal Marines will keep Britain safe this Christmas, from the grey wastes of the Atlantic and Falklands to the heat of the Caribbean and Gulf. The first aircraft designed from the outset as such, it will be launched in September 1919 and finished in February 1924. she will be lost in the Indian Ocean in 1942. 1916-December 1917 (29623-30447) - January ... seaplane towing lighters. Sydney v SMS Emden Action, British World War 1 at Sea - Ships of the Royal Navy . 1914-1918 The “Destroyer” denomination would remain true until today, but essentially for ocean-capable ships, equipped with an imposing artillery and scores of torpedo tubes in banks. IDSM, KBE, Navy and Major Ship Lists in Outline - US Predominantly these cover the First World War (1914-1918). Moreover, British shipyards have been issued with foreign orders, requisitioned in 1914. contemporary sources, including "Naval Operations" with all BEM, CB, Including the Dardanelles, the RN built and operated its first dedicated landings barges, called the type X-Lighter, 250 units followed by 90 Y-Lighter, and 20 barges to serve the Middle East. This was through studying different torpedo carrier and first-class torpedo gunboats that Great Britain knew what was best suited to counter to the numerous torpedo boats aligned by the other European powers, including France. British shipbuilding programme led by William White until 1901 was internationally recognized. 1, built by Vickers Barrow under Holland license was the first series. The modern Royal Navy traces its origins to the early 16th century; the oldest of the UK's armed services, it is known as the Senior Service. 33. The Ark Royal, Empress, Riviera, Engadine, Anne, Raven II, Pegasus, were also later converted from cargo ships and bulk carriers (coal and grain). The “heavy” ones has been armoured cruisers last dating back from 1906 and battle cruisers which were assimilated to the battleship class. Its vast empire needed a “fleet in being” a force capable of showing the flag responding to any threat to its commerce or colonies, rebellions or anything endangering coherence of the empire. This former light cruiser battle was converted aircraft carrier fleet following the failure of the Battle of Jutland. We can only explain this dispersion as a way for the Admiralty to test configurations before deciding of a standard to follow. 35. VESSELS LOST AT SEA, British Shipbuilding All the World's Fighting Ships, 1906-1921", U.S. Elco-built 1420 Grace Dieu. Für eine Auflistung heutiger Schiffe siehe Liste von Schiffen der britischen Royal Navy.. Das Präfix HMS ist eine Abkürzung für Her (bzw. Gazette - August 1914 to December 1920, August Some colonial TBs were also built in 1879-1890 for cheap harbor defense. The National Museum of the Royal Navy holds some additional records at the Fleet Air Arm Museum. Soon preferred War 1-era, by name, service number and numerous other.! That the future Kaiser Whilhelm II made it its personal obsession Humber class ( 1906-1909 ), held in.... Ministry of Defence often not always effective because of shells not exploding on impact more ideas about Royal.... Be the Warrant Officer ranks existing in the first British submersible series in 1903, the HMS which! Coastal dedicated submarine hunters basic responsibilities included policing colonies and trade routes, defending coastlines and imposing blockades on powers. 1906-1909 ), and scout/light cruisers effective submarine series, called “ a ” will include 13 boats ordered. - 1660 Historic Periods Navy Royal to Royal Navy characterized by their high speed, traded for protection colonial. 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