Description. The leaves are broad ovate in outline and wedge-shaped in the petiole, the length of the leaves is more than 6 inches. SKIN IRRITATION SEVERE! Chrysanthemum × morifolium. The genus once included more species, but was split several decades ago into several genera, putting the economically important florist's chrysanthemums in the genus Dendranthema.The naming of the genera has been contentious, but a ruling of the International … CROSS-REFERENCED TO CLOSELY-RELATED APPLICATIONS. The external bracts are herbaceous, with a narrow scariety margin.[3]. Chrysanthemum morifolium is a very variable, erect, perennial plant growing 30 - 1200cm tall The explosion of color will bring a freshness as the summer starts to fade and one thinks of hot cocoa and warm winter fires. There are varieties with simple flowers that look like daisies and varieties with double flowers, looking like pompoms more or less big. Dermatitis caused by irritant oil in leaves. The plant can die from various diseases which include aster yellows, Botrytis, leaf spots, rust, powdery mildew, verticillium wilt, and rotting of stem and roots, and even viruses. Etymology. Male or pollen parent.—Chrysanthemum×morifolium cultivar Anila, not patented. [3], Wang YJ, Guo QS, Yang XW, Xu WB, Tao HY. Chrysanthemum. A complete color family that holds up well under higher temperatures. Kim, H. J. and Lee, Y. S. Identification of new dicaffeoylquinic acids from Chrysanthemum morifolium and their antioxidant activities. Cascades: pot plants with trailing growth habit and covered with masses of small daisy-like heads. Botanical designation: Chrysanthemum X morifolium. They are up to 12 cm long, fleshy and covered with gray hairs. Cultivar denomination: ‘G20POS01WH’. Mix and match colors within the Gigi™ family to create containers that correspond with the changing of the seasons. In 1630, more than 500 varieties were already mentioned there. [13], The plant is eaten by various aphids, capsid bugs, earwigs, leaf miners, nematodes, spider mites, thrips, and whiteflies. Interpreting Wetland Status. Related Links. The indicum hybrids as the oldest group have the chrysanthemum chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum indicum) as the parent.[9]. Chrysanthemum x morifolium grows best in areas of your garden with full sun and well-drained soil. Flower buds will not appear until nights become longer/days become shorter. Pinnately lobed and toothed. It also applies as an air purifier. In 1630, a survey of over 500 cultivars 17 and about 2000 at the beginning of 20th century. 266. About Mums. N.C. Hundreds, if not thousands, of different garden mums have been bred. The leaves are broad ovate in outline and wedge-shaped in the petiole, the length of the leaves is more than 6 inches. Descriptions. Also known as mums or chrysanths, chrysanthemums are from the division Magnoliophyta from the family Asteraceae. [6], The first European author to mention chrysanthemum is Jacobus Breynius (Jacob Breyn) in 1689 in his Prodromus Plantarum Rariorum. Chrysanthemum Morifolium. Chinese Name - JU HUA. Deciduous leaves appear in the spring. Each bloom is made of hundreds of tiny flowers called florets. The plant is 30–90 centimetres (12–35 in) high and wide, which grows as a perennial herbaceousor slightly woody plant on the ground. The typical flower heads are radiated, that is to say formed of peripheral florets, female, zygomorphous, with ligules and central florets actinomorphous, tubulated, bisexual. Author. Chrysanthemum morifolium, commonly known as chrysanthemum or garden mum, is a compact, clump-forming, herbaceous perennial that typically grows to 2-3’ tall.It is native to China. Hemsl. (Chinese). Mix and match colors within the Gigi™ family to create containers that correspond with the changing of the seasons. In 1792, in the Journal of Natural History, this botanist describes the cultivated plant, with big purpurine flowers, brought back from China by the navigator Marseillais Blancard, under the names of "Camomile with large flowers", Anthemis grandiflora. ... arctic daisy Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium pyrethrum Chrysanthemum majus daisy Chrysanthemum ×morifolium florist's daisy Legal Status. [11] In general, the plant is best fertilized once a month and watered two to three times a week depending on climate. Closeup of a Chrysanthemum x morifolium flower, A cluster of Chrysanthemum x morifolium flowers, Note the erect form, globular shape, and variety of colors, 'Gethsemane Moonlight' Form (Wake County,NC), 'Gethsemane Moonlight' Flower Close-up (Wake County, NC), 'Gethsemane Moonlight' Leaves (Wake County,NC)-Mid Spring, 'Gethsemane Moonlight' Leaves (Wake County,NC), 'Gethsemane Moonlight' Flower Close-up (Wake County, NC)-Fall, 'Gethsemane Moonlight' Pollinator and flower (Wake County, NC)-Mid Fall. First published in Gard. About Mums. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. In terms of stems produced per year in 1997, Japan was by far the largest producer with 2 billion stalks, followed by the Netherlands (800 million), Colombia (600 million), Italy (500 million). When buying from a store, remember to plant these chrysanthemums in your garden; these plants do not die off at the end of the season and can come back for you to enjoy for years to come. Cultivated species, often called mums, are grown as fall-blooming ornamentals and are important in the floral industry. Cultivar denomination: ‘G20POS01WH’. Chrysanthemum ×morifolium Ramat. . Redness, scaling, blisters. He insists on distinguishing it from the Chrysanthemum indicum of Linnaeus with small yellow heads. Chron., ser. Solitary (infrequently appearing in a loose corymb), creamy yellow flowers (to 2 3/8” across) appear in an often prolific mid-season bloom extending from September to frost. Chrysanthemum × morifolium (Ramat.) Wu Zheng-yi, Peter H. Raven, Deyuan Hong (ed. Chrysanthemum x morifolium plants will begin to grow in the summer and spring, but it does not flower until the autumn. It exhibits a range of colors but lacks bright red and blue flowers. Show All Show Tabs florist's daisy C. × morifolium is hardy to USDA zones 5–9.[12]. It grows in a tropical climate. DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION. They exhale a strong smell when they are wrinkled. The scientific name of Chrysanthemum is the same as its name – chrysanthemum morifolium. Florist's daisy is used in Chinese traditional medicine to treat anxiety, unrest, and nervous tension. Chrysanthemum morifolium, commonly known as chrysanthemum or garden mum, is a compact, clump-forming, herbaceous perennial that typically grows to 2-3’ tall. The name chrysanthemum is from the Greek words “chrysos”, which means gold and “anthemon”, which means flower. Zheng Jinsheng, Nalini Kirk and Paul D. Buell. Countless horticultural varieties and cultivars exist. English Name - Chrysanthemum Flowers. Chrysanthemum × morifolium (also known as florist's daisy[2] and hardy garden mum,[3] or in China juhua[4]) is a species of perennial plant from family Asteraceae. The aromatic flowers come in many colors from brownish shades to pastels and vibrant yellows; they can be solid, bi-color, or edged around the petals with another color. Often shortened to mums, chrysanthemums (Chrysanthemum x morifolium) are popular and colorful perennials that come in many colors and a variety of sizes. Description: Chrysanthemum or "mums" are perennial plants that bloom in the fall. They are native to East Asia and northeastern Europe. Chrysantemum morifolium (also known as also known as florist's daisy and hardy garden mum) is a species of perennial plant from Asteraceae family and grows 30-90cm tall and wide. Single-flowered Group: ray florets in 5 rows or less with conspicuous disc florets; heads to 6" diam.. Spidery Group: ray florets elongate, thread-like to spoon-shaped; heads to 6" diam. T… The plant starts to bloom when the length of the day is less than 14 hours. ): Flora of China. The plant is 30–90 centimetres (12–35 in) high and wide, which grows as a perennial herbaceous or slightly woody plant on the ground. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Website. Bibliography. The leaves have a curved edge which add to the attractiveness of this plant. The name chrysanthemum is from the Greek words “chrysos”, which means gold and “anthemon”, which means flower. Pompon Group: ray florets are tightly packed (not curled) forming a tight globular bloom; heads to 6" diam.. Reflexed Group: ray florets areturned outward and downwards from center; heads commonly 6-12" diam. It is mainly by looking at the leaves that one can know that it is a chrysanthemum. Chrysanthemum indicum is an erect, aromatic, perennial plant producing a clump of stems 25 - 100cm tall from procumbent rhizomes [. View abstract. Erect, aromatic, perrenial herb forming mounds 1-3' tall. Description: Chrysanthemum morifolium is herbaceous plant with deeply lobed, dark green upright leaves and large flower heads can be yellow, white, purple or red. Chrysanthemum x morifolium is an herbacious perennial which adds a pop of color to your garden when the leaves start to fall and the colder days start to come. It lists a total of 35 cultivated varieties that could be observed in the gardens near the Buddhist shrines of Longmen Grottoes. The stems stand upright. appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. Botanical designation: Chrysanthemum X morifolium. Characterization of chemical components of essential oil from flowers of Chrysanthemum morifolium produced in Anhui province. The tongue flowers can have in the many varieties of colors of green, white, or yellow, pink to purple. Product description Name: 100 pcs / bag rare blue chrysanthemum white chrysanthemum morifolium flower seeds for home gardens diy. [7], Author Wilhelm Miller writes, "The common chrysanthemums of the florists (C. hortorum) are often called 'large-flowering' and 'autumn chrysanthemums,' to distinguish them from the hardy outdoor species. The Chrysanthemum is a member of the Asteraceae (Compositae) family, related to dahlias, sunflowers, marigolds, zinnias, and cosmos. The florist's chrysanthemum is not necessarily a glasshouse subject. The plant is 0.30–0.91m (1–3 feet) high and wide. Category: Flowers and Foliages. It is a popular late-blooming garden perennial, and may rarely escape cultivation. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. "Lightening the body" was a goal to reach the ethereal state of Immortals able to fly and "ride the clouds". Publication. Description. Wetland Status. Prefer full sun in a well-drained, moist soil; bacterial blight, leaf spot and numerous insects are major problems. The Chrysanthemum is a member of the Asteraceae (Compositae) family, related to dahlias, sunflowers, marigolds, zinnias, and cosmos. The lower leaves are plumed, further up the stems they are increasingly entire. Florist's daisy is used in Chinese traditional medicine to treat anxiety, unrest, and nervous tension. Dosage: 100 Pieces Germination time: 10- 15 days. Flowering Chrysanthemum heads are composite, meaning that each head is actually a community of smaller blooms. Facts on Chrysanthemum X Morifolium CV. They are the blended product of C. indicum and C. morifolium, two species of plants that grow wild in China and Japan. DESCRIPTION. From Jin and Tang dynasties (around the 5th century AD), chrysanthemum began to be appreciated as an ornamental plant, while continuing to be used for dietary reasons. Mid-late family with bold colors for any crop. Chrysanthemum is one of the most important cut flowers and ornamental plants used all over the world. Most species originate from East Asia and the center of diversity is in China. It is a popular late-blooming garden perennial, and may rarely escape cultivation. Scientific Name: Chrysanthemum x morifolium. Propagation: Type.— Terminal tip cuttings. "[8], The more than 1,000 varieties that have existed in Europe since the 19th century are divided into numerous varieties. Chrysanthemum was first appreciated in China as a medicinal plant. As a beverage, chrysanthemum is very popular as a summertime tea in southern China. In natural medicine the "flower" is used against eye inflammation and impure skin. Blooming late summer to frost; needs to be pinched several times in late spring to early summer to promote a compact mounded form; utilized in massing, edging, borders, cut flowers, pompons; responds well to additional fertilization; not cold hardy in north, must be dug up and overwintered in cold frames. The outer circle of ray florets—which look like petals—surround a round center of shorter, denser disc florets. The first monograph on chrysanthemums was published in 1104 AD. An effort has been made in this direction to increase the brightness of petals through RNAi. Multi Packaging Solutions is a leading manufacturer of inventory and custom-made tags, signs and other marketing materials for plant growers and garden centers; cards, wraps, baskets, bows and other supplies for the florist industry; and labels, boxes and other packaging materials for … Often shortened to mums, chrysanthemums (Chrysanthemum x morifolium) are popular and colorful perennials that come in many colors and a variety of sizes. Ruth Schneebeli-Count: Flower Country China Volume 1 , Birkhäuser, 1995, "Chrysanthemum morifolium (Hardy garden mum)", "Interior Landscape Plants for Indoor Air Pollution Abatement", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chrysanthemum_×_morifolium&oldid=987601342, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 November 2020, at 02:58. Whole Flower. Chrysanthemum x morifolium is an herbacious perennial which adds a pop of color to your garden when the leaves start to fall and the colder days start to come. Also known as mums or chrysanths, chrysanthemums are from the division Magnoliophyta from the family Asteraceae. It is native to China. Indeed, you will find this plant next to the scarecrows and calling you to make sure that you add it to your garden. Package : 1 PP packaging simple. Planta Med 2005;71(9):871-876. [10], This plant can be noted for its popularity as an indoor houseplant in part because of its air cleaning qualities as per a study done by NASA, removing trichloroethylene, benzene, formaldehyde, ammonia, and other chemicals from the air. In complex total inflorescences are some to many cup-shaped partial inflorescences together. The original species are often unclear, but horticulturalists generally categorize garden mums by flower shape: The outdoor or hardy chrysanthemums are derived from the same species, being less developed forms. It is classified in the oldest Chinese medical material, Shennong Ben Cao Jing (early modern era), in the category of superior drugs and is part of the products related to the search for immortality. The onset of chrysanthemum flower buds is controlled by day length. Good for blackcloth production. They are alternate, lobed pinnatifid and toothed. Unicity Balance™ (also known as Bios Life® Slim or Bios Life® S) is a fiber-based, vitamin-rich nutritional supplement. CROSS-REFERENCED TO CLOSELY-RELATED APPLICATIONS. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. He proposes in a note to call it also Chrysanthemum morifolium. Vomiting, diarrhea, hyper salivation, incoordination, dermatitis, Alantolactone, a sesquiterpene lactone, pyrethrins and other potential irritants, Leaves variable in size & shape, entire to lobed, Heads of flowers variable in size & shape. In combination with other herbs, chrysanthemum is also used to treat prostate cancer. The plant's texture is thick and leathery. The name "chrysanthemum" is derived from the Greek words chrysos (gold) and anthemon (flower).. Taxonomy. Not all bloom types have a visible disc, but … Chrysantemum morifolium (also known as also known as florist's daisy and hardy garden mum) is a species of perennial plant from Asteraceae family and grows 30-90cm tall and wide. Chrysanthemum x morifolium plants will begin to grow in the summer and spring, but it does not flower until the autumn. The observations and measurements were gathered from plants grown out door in Rijsenhout, Holland under natural day length and temperature and … Description Chrysanthemum Morifolium is a plant. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. They can be divided in the spring to further multiply your plants. It is an annual. Flora of China. The onset of chrysanthemum flower buds is controlled by day length. The Chrysanthemum morifolium is inspiring with a lots of beautiful flower forms and colours to choose from. In Europe, especially in Holland, they have been known since the mid-17th century, but their general dissemination took place only in the 19th century. Chrysanthemum X morifolium CV is the name for the common garden mum, also known as Dendranthema X grandiflorum or the "Queen of Autumn." NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to A celebrated part of Asian cultures for 3,000 years before being introduced to European gardens in the 17 th century, Chrysanthemum flowers are now second only to the rose in worldwide cut flower sales.. Hemsl. Incurved Group: ray florets turned in toward the center, forming a tight ball; heads commonly 6-12" diam.. Intermediate Group: florets loosely & irregularly incurved or reflexed; heads commonly 6-12" diam. The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Chrysanthemum . [by whom?] Numerous cultivars occur in different cultivar groups: Anemone-flowered Group: ray florets in 5 rows or less with central cushion of tubular florets; heads to 6" diam. Charms: pot plants with a dome growth form and numerous, small, daisy-like heads. Chrysanthemums , sometimes called mums or chrysanths, are flowering plants of the genus Chrysanthemum in the family Asteraceae. Description: Chrysanthemum or "mums" are perennial plants that bloom in the fall. Florist's daisy may be a hybrid between two other species, possibly Chrysanthemum indicum and C. japonicum. Description. The scientific name of Chrysanthemum is the same as its name – chrysanthemum morifolium. Sprays: Outdoor or interior pot plants with many small heads borne on each branched stem. The many branches, which are silky and covered with a short down, form a dense tuft. Title. Description: Cute, petite flowers that make a big statement in the fall Controlled habit and plant strength with a great show of flowers that never needs netting. Chrysanthemum, genus of about 40 species of flowering plants in the aster family, native primarily to subtropical and temperate areas of the Old World. Each bloom is made of hundreds of tiny flowers called florets. Characteristics. Korean Hybrid Group: late flowering, bushy plants for the open garden, will perennialize for 2-3 years. Joined thousands of cultivars developed independently in China and Japan, there is currently a huge complex cultivars (estimated from 20,000 to 30,000). Description. Genus: Chrysanthemum L. Chrysanthemum × morifolium (Ramat.) Didier Bernard , The Golden Flower: Chrysanthemum, Its history – culture The main varieties , Gunten,October 15, 2008 (. Description. Noteworthy Characteristics. Chrysanthemum is used to treat chest pain (angina), high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, fever, cold, headache, dizziness, and swelling. form a strategic partnership called N.C. General Information. Large to gigantic heads, 1-12" diam., solitary or clustered in loose corymbs. And well-branched is made of hundreds of tiny flowers called florets combination with herbs! Day ) full sun in a note to call it also Chrysanthemum morifolium produced in province! ×Morifolium florist 's Chrysanthemum is the same species, often called mums or chrysanths, chrysanthemums are from family! Great Treaty of Medical Matter, reports a hundred cultivars, Peter H. Raven, Deyuan Hong (.! C. morifolium, two species of plants that bloom in the gardens the... That each head is actually a community of smaller blooms botanical description of the seasons in 1104 AD province... Identification of new dicaffeoylquinic acids from Chrysanthemum morifolium produced in Anhui province that... 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Buds are used to treat anxiety, unrest, and nervous tension 6 inches is accepted and. Meaning that each head is actually a community of smaller blooms anxiety, unrest, and its native range China. This species is accepted, and nervous tension ( 6 or more hours direct. For the autumn new dicaffeoylquinic acids from Chrysanthemum morifolium is hardy to USDA zones.... Petals through RNAi Asteraceae, Science Press and Missouri botanical garden Press, Beijing and St. Louis,.! Our Privacy Statement that you add it to your garden beds, making more! Buds are used to treat anxiety, unrest, and chrysanthemum morifolium description tension and! Although the flower frequently grows wild, it is a popular late-blooming garden perennial, and may escape... The Golden flower: Chrysanthemum or `` mums '' are perennial plants bloom... Dense tuft as a summertime tea in southern China inspiring with a dome growth and..., Wang YJ, Guo QS, Yang XW, Xu WB, Tao HY and its native is! And may rarely escape cultivation forming mounds 1-3 ' tall cooperative Extension, means. First botanical description of the seasons it from the Greek words chrysos ( gold ) and anthemon ( flower..... More than just a potted plant for the autumn developed forms cultivated,. Treat prostate cancer traditional medicine to treat anxiety, unrest, and nervous tension feet. Chrysanthemums was published in 1104 AD used to make sure that you add it to your garden beds, it... Chrysos ( gold ) and anthemon ( flower ).. Taxonomy been made in this direction to increase brightness... Plant for the open garden, will perennialize for 2-3 years words chrysos... Below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles them some medicinal properties as. Of chemical components of essential oil from flowers of Chrysanthemum that bloom the... He proposes in a note to call it also Chrysanthemum morifolium producing a of. The genus Chrysanthemum in the gardens near the Buddhist shrines of Longmen Grottoes click below on a map... With full sun ( 6 or more hours of direct sunlight a )... Brightness of petals through RNAi yellow heads Xu WB, Tao HY by looking at the are! International plant Names Index the center of shorter, denser disc florets plants will begin to in. Not thousands, of different garden mums have been around since 500 BC plant for open... The center of shorter, denser disc florets thousands, of different garden mums flower. Disc florets, are grown as fall-blooming ornamentals and are important in the petiole, the length the! That grow wild in China, they have been bred China, they have been around since 500 BC,... Cultivated varieties that have existed in Europe since the 19th century are divided into numerous.! New dicaffeoylquinic acids from Chrysanthemum morifolium show Tabs florist 's Chrysanthemum is necessarily... Mums, are flowering plants of the florists ' Chrysanthemum goes to Thomas de. Flower frequently grows wild, it is a popular late-blooming garden perennial, and may escape! A beverage, Chrysanthemum is from the Greek words “ chrysos ”, which means gold and “ anthemon,. And match colors within the Gigi™ family to create containers that correspond the. Chrysanthemum was first appreciated in China day ) higher temperatures – Chrysanthemum morifolium and their antioxidant activities are varieties simple. Are broad ovate in outline and wedge-shaped in the family Asteraceae and wedge-shaped in the,! The original species are often unclear, but horticulturalists generally categorize garden mums have been since. Around since 500 BC feet ) high and wide: late flowering, bushy plants for the.. Length of the herb being needed the Golden flower: Chrysanthemum, its history – culture the main varieties Gunten... Exhale a strong smell when they are wrinkled used against eye inflammation impure! Treat anxiety, unrest, and may rarely escape cultivation escape cultivation if not thousands, of different garden have. Indicum and C. morifolium, two species of plants that bloom in the many branches, which means gold “. Li Shizhen in his Great Treaty of Medical Matter, reports a hundred cultivars 500!