Being written by Dave Murphy, former FOK Riverkeeper c. Websites only i. Kansas Paddler – 1995 ii. Transactions of Kansas Academy of Science, v. 14, p. 113. Kansas State Board of Agriculture, First Biennial Report, 1877-1878, p. 159. It was finally opened about the middle of September, 1878, about fifteen months after being wrecked by the flood. The incorporators of this company were H.B. Norton, W.R. Brown, E.C. by George A. Root Spellings and names taken from old maps and volumes in library of the Kansas State Historical Society. It includes the Arkansas Post Canal, a short canal named for nearby Arkansas Post National Memorial, connecting the Arkansas and White Rivers. According to county commissioners’ records, the first ferry license for the Arkansas river within Cowley county was issued April 11, 1871, to W.H. This was no doubt followed by a shortage of water in the channel, for the local paper said: "The ferry west of town at the present stage of water has assumed more the shape of a bridge than a boat, since it spans the channel from shore to shore." Arkansas City Traveler, April 6, July 12, 1876. A boat, under the command of Capt. No north or south limit was found. To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats.The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here: The history of this article since it was imported to New World Encyclopedia: Note: Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed. The Wichita Art Museum is an art museum located in Wichita, Kansas, United States.The museum was established in 1915, when Louise Caldwell Murdock’s Will which created a trust to start the Roland P. Wichita Art Museum is situated 2400 feet northwest of Little Arkansas River… [26] The following could almost be classed among the "believe it or not" items so frequently found in papers of today: "A stranger drove on the ferryboat last week with a wagon and a woman sitting in the bottom of it. Following the high water another ferry had been started west of town. Occasionally something happened on a ferryboat to break the monotony. 34. During prolonged dry spells water in the channel has been known to disappear suddenly, only to make its reappearance as unexpectedly within the next day or two. There was much freighting from Arkansas City, Winfield, Wichita and other points along the north side of the river. As the Arkansas has several hidden river access points. A section of the Arkansas River in Sedgwick County, Kansas. Kansas has filed six exceptions to the reports recommendations, and the United States has intervened to ask the Court to overrule two of them. The states of Kansas and Colorado have a long history of disagreement concerning the Arkansas River (pronounced ar-KAN'-sas river in Kansas), arguing before the Supreme Court of the United Stateson three previous occasions, 1902, 1907, and 1943. No river access publications or tourism promotions 2. He called the attention of a government man to it, who said he had noticed the same thing. Various authorities agree that there was very little water in the Arkansas river in 1871, and the probabilities are that the ferryboat did not operate very much that year, if at all. [13] According to Mrs. Eaton, Davis operated the ferry up to the time the first bridge was built, probably in 1873 or 1874, at the site of the ferry location. In looking at the map below, the trail begins in Great Bend, KS and then stretches 192 miles ending at the Oklahoma-Kansas … Read more here: http://www.kansas.com/sports/outdoors/article25075381.html The river originates in Colorado and runs through Kansas and Oklahoma before reaching Arkansas. [36], High water late in 1879 or early in 1880 must have put the bridge at this location out of commission and necessitated the use of the ferry for a time. The Arkansas River has a total length of 1,469 miles before emptying into the Mississippi River near the city of Napoleon. The first barge to reach the Port of Catoosa arrived in early 1971. The lakes and reservoirs in Kansas are located in two major river basins—the Missouri River Basin and the Arkansas River Basin. Miles and miles of canals and ditches were constructed between the 100th meridian and the Colorado line. Two weeks later, the Traveler recorded that "the ferry west of town is running all right again," but failed to mention why it had not been running. This was a toll ferry, and as such, was not popular. The territory name combined with the unique "Arc" in the river gave it the name Arkansas. In 1806 the American explorer Zebulon Pike traveled through the river's upper reaches. It was operated by means of pulleys on a cable which was attached to trees on either side of the river, the boat having a large spoke wheel, like the old-fashioned steamboats. The Arkansas River is one of the longest rivers in the country, starting near Leadville, Colorado, and flowing nearly 1,469 miles through four states to its confluence with the Mississippi River in eastern Arkansas. [5] Further investigations of this flow were made in the year 1904, by representatives of the U.S. Geological Survey, and some interesting facts were brought out. [38]. In June, 1857, he founded the Kanzas News, at Emporia. [42] The Traveler continued its fight until a new bridge was built. A.A. Davis, known as "Peg Leg" Davis, was the operator, being assisted by his son, Adley, a lad in his teens. Three friends take a slow raft down the Arkansas River to the Mississippi. Lumber for the boat and a cable to stretch across the river had been ordered. The National park service has officially announced that a portion of the Arkansas river is designated as a National Water trail. eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'newworldencyclopedia_org-medrectangle-4','ezslot_2',162,'0','0'])); The Arkansas River has three distinct sections in its long path through the central United States. The Arkansas River in August 1995 during a rare period when it flowed completely throughout the state, the first time in seven years. The following, from a local paper, describes conditions: "The clerk of this township engaged a boat last week and went down the Arkansas as far as Deer creek, in search of the missing bridge. The Arkansas River travels about 1,469 miles from its origin near Leadville, Colorado, through Kansas and Oklahoma to its confluence with the Mississippi River at Napoleon, Arkansas. The Arkansas has three distinct characters in its long path through central North America. Within the next six weeks a force was at work and it was thought that within sixty days teams would be crossing. A 3.25 inch long female Dobsonfly. Some attempts at navigation had been made during the 1870’s, and a small steamboat -- the Aunt Sally -- reached Arkansas City and was moored there on Sunday morning, June 30, 1878. Early in March, 1878, Bolton township voted $2,000 in bonds to be used toward rehabilitating the old bridge, and a contract was let. The Arkansas generally flows to the east and southeast and traverses the United States states of Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. Doctor Trichen, of Wichita, was in command of the boat and was moving his entire stock of drugs from the railroad terminus in Sedgwick county to Fort Smith, Ark. A major tributary of the Mississippi River, the Arkansas River generally flows to the east and southeast, through the states of Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas.At 1,469 miles long, it is the sixth longest river in the United States and the second-longest tributary in the Mississippi-Missouri system. This ferry was located between Secs. [39] By early May about half the piles had been driven and work on the spans had commenced. [24], Another ferryboat had been built for the Arkansas following the flood, which had not been put to use at the time. Each was anxious to get across and delays of any sort were not popular. At 1,469 miles (2,364 km), the Arkansas is the sixth longest river in the United States, the second-longest tributary in the Mississippi-Missouri system, and the 45th longest river in the world. Windswept sand dunes south of the Arkansas River in Kearny County. A temporary ferry service was soon established at this point, the local paper making the following announcement: "A wagon will carry parties to and from the river free of charge. [28]. Kellogg was attorney general, 1889-1891, and prominent in the State Teachers' Association. On the island at the mouth of the Walnut he found one bottom cord and part of the flooring lodged in the trees. Mexicans called it the "Rio Napete." The river is 1469 miles long. With the settlement of that portion of Kansas lying along the river between Dodge City and the west line of the state, the pioneers in irrigation began construction of canals and ditches, and the waters of the Arkansas were diverted for irrigation purposes. Manning, P.B. Another, 76 miles in length, ran from Humboldt, via Fredonia, Longton, Elk Falls, Greenfield and Tisdale. 1990. It has been common knowledge for years that there is an under-flow of the Arkansas river. Someone had been taking it to pieces, and some of the iron was carried away. It enters the Mississippi at Napoleon, Arkansas 40 miles (64 km) northeast of Arkansas City, Arkansas. The city of Wichita, KS, has closed the Arkansas River the day before the Riverfest, or River Festival, as the flooded river in Kansas has dangerous … [30] Two weeks later the same authority stated that "arrangements have been about completed to place another ferry west of town." Testimony of M.M. In 1985, Kansas alleged that Colorado had violated the Compact and sought legal recourse before the Su… In August, 1879, the township trustee published a warning that the bridge was unsafe for heavily loaded wagons, and that any wagons carrying two tons must cross at their own risk. [22]. Here water is diverted from the river into the Amazon Ditch in western Kearny County, one of several irrigation canals built in western Kansas in … From 1819 the Adams-Onís Treaty set the Arkansas as part of the frontier between the United States and Spanish Mexico, which it remained until the annexation of Texas and Mexican-American War in 1846. The Arkansas generally flows to the east and southeast, and traverses the states of Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. Nov. 15, 1996 Problems documented with Arkansas River BY REX BUCHANAN. We put this video together to raise interest in Kansas outdoor opportunities. The Arkansas River is a major tributary of the Mississippi River. 33. Norton, W.R. Brown, E.C. The name "Arkansas" was first applied by Father Jacques Marquette, who called the river Akansa in his journal of 1673. During August the ferry boat west of town was moved to a location south of town where the bridge formerly stood. Ferries on the river north of the Oklahoma-Kansas line, with possibly one or two exceptions, do not antedate the establishment of towns in Cowley county about the year 1870. The Arkansas River is the second-longest tributary in the Mississippi-Missouri river system, the sixth-longest river in the United States, and the forty-fifth-longest river in the world. Morton, G.H. She sat calmly in the bottom, however, until she reached the shore. With the influx of settlers in the valley from the base of the mountains eastward to the Kansas line, so much of the flow of the river was diverted for agricultural purposes that by the time the river reached Kansas the stream was dry. Herald as authority, said that "the Arkansas river was so low above that place last week that a drove of cows stopping to drink in it, drank the river in two." [17] Mr. Speers is listed in the "Census of 1875," Cowley county, Creswell township, p.18, as being 37 years of age; a miller, and a native of Ohio. Morton, G.H. This phenomenon was recorded by one of the early Sedgwick county newspapers, which, having mentioned that the river was dry, discovered water in the channel the next day. Little Arkansas River is a stream located just .6 miles from Wichita, in Sedgwick County, in the state of Kansas, United States. 15. However, the river was at flood stage, being bank full early in April, 1876. Even ferry service was temporarily disrupted. Up to the early 1880’s there was always an abundance of water in the river, and the channel, even down to the ever-flowing Little Arkansas, near Wichita, was usually filled. 12. NOTES Standard jumbo barges, measuring 35 by 195 feet (59 m), are grouped 3 wide by 3 long, with a tug at center rear, to form a barge packet which can be fit into a lock. From 1819 the Adams-Onís Treaty set the Arkansas as part of the frontier between the United States and Spanish Mexico, which it remained until the annexation of Texas and the Mexican-American War in 1846. One of the expedition’s members called the stream the "River of Quivera." Wichita, Kansas 34 contributions Nice place to walk through is maintained well by the people This is a nice place to go on morning and evening walks but in the span of five years, the river is turning stinky and dirty due to people discarding their trash into the river. Speers and others. [29] Native Americans hunted along its length, early explorers followed it westward, and from 1820 to 1846, it served as the boundary between the United States and Mexico. Bonsall's office. -- Statement of Bert Moore, Winfield, in letters to author, dated January 10, 26, 1936. [43] In 1877 another road was established, running from Arkansas City to Independence, via Cedar Vale and Sedan, this being a little over 82 miles in length. "Ferry tickets are sold at I.H. This charter was filed with the secretary of state January 10, 187O. Plumb arrived in Kansas in 1856, and in December that year became foreman of the Herald of Freedom, Lawrence. [7] This action by farm owners in Colorado was the cause of ruining many farmers living along the river in western Kansas, and finally resulted in a suit brought by the state of Kansas against Colorado for a more equal distribution of the Arkansas’ waters. Along the section of the Arkansas River that carries the McClellan-Kerr channel, the river sustains commercial barge traffic and offers passenger and recreational use, and is considered by some, a series of reservoirs. [23] The river flows east and southeast and passes through several states including Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. The water plane slopes to the east at the rate of 7.5 feet per mile and towards the river at the rate of two to three feet per mile. If an inclined platform was built to the remaining part of the bridge now, it would help it a great deal more." The stream is the greatest western affluent of the Missouri-Mississippi system, and its length is variously given as 1,477 miles by the Weather Bureau, and approximately 2,000 miles by the encyclopedias. Kansas Historical Collections, v. 12, p. 223. He served in both branches of the legislature, and was a president of the Kansas State Historical Society. He was known as 'Peg Leg Davis' because he had a peg leg. It had a cabin at each end. [31] No further mention of this is found this year than a laconic item in the issue of December 26, which stated that "the new ferry west of town floats like a swan." During the early 1880’s several small craft had managed to navigate from the lower river up as far as Wichita, but these attempts to prove the navigability of the river were disappointing to those most vitally interested. It is divided into three sections: the first section flows rapidly through the Rocky Mountains; the second section slows down and widens out through the Great Plains; and the third secti… (Above Tulsa, it is navigable only by small craft such as rafts, canoes, and kayaks.). Just west of Pueblo, Colorado, the river enters the Great Plains. After a few trials these attempts were discontinued, owing to the shifting channel, sand bars and lack of water. [12]. Also in the 1540s Hernando de Soto discovered the junction of the Arkansas with the Mississippi. [21] Another notice regarding the ferry, evidently for the benefit of patrons living on the opposite side of the river, read: "Free ferry on the Arkansas at this place. It flows trough the US states of Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. General description Below Tulsa, and continuing to its mouth, the river is navigable by barges and large river craft thanks to a series of dams that turn it into reservoirs. Through Oklahoma and Arkansas, dams artificially deepen and widen this modest sized river to build it into a commercially navigable body of water. Kansas Rivers Shown on the Map: Arkansas River, Beaver Creek, Big Blue River, Big Creek, Bow Creek, Chikaskia River, Cimarron River, Cottonwood River, Crooked Creek, Kansas River, Marais Des Cygnes River, Marmaton River, Medicine Lodge River, Neosho River, North Fork Solomon River, Pawnee River, Republican River, Saline River, Sappa Creek, Smoky Hill River, Solomon River, … Early in April, 1878, they announced that their boat was to be operated by steam, the local paper stating that "the engine used on Christy’s steam thresher is to be placed on the ferryboat west of town by Speers and Walton, to try the experiment of ferrying by steam." The Traveler of June 19 said the river had risen some four feet over the bridge pilings at that place, but also conveyed the good news that "the ferry across the Arkansas is in good running order again, and ready for business. Early in November, 1877, a project was on foot to place another ferry over the Arkansas west of town. 8. Encyclopedia Britannica v. 2, p. 371. We crossed on it last Sunday and found that less than half the distance over sand has to be traveled. During the late 1870’s it was not always an easy matter to sell surplus crops; the railroad was too far away, and the river afforded the most convenient route to a market, so ferry-boats were utilized for conveying such crops. On January 8, 1870, the Arkansas River Ferry Co. received a charter from the state of Kansas for a ferry near the town of Delphi, and in the vicinity of the mouth of the Walnut river-- about two miles above it and south of the town. A portion of the Sixth street bridge -- two spans on the south -- was all that survived the flood. [9] More than likely this company never functioned, as no further history been located. The Salt Fork of the Arkansas River, a tributary of the Arkansas River, located in southern Kansas and northern Oklahoma has been known by various names in the past, including Grand Sabine River, Grand Saline River, Little Arkansas River, Red Fork of the Arkansas River, and several others/. Plats, field notes, etc., of the first two roads, and commissioners' report of the last, are on file in the Archives division of the Kansas State Historical Society. The Arkansas River Compact between Kansas and Oklahoma encourages an active pollution abatement program in addition to divvying up waters. There also appears to be a difference of opinion as to who operated the first ferry. (pronounced ar-kansas) If the river had continued its path from Ford on to the east instead of its real path to the northeast, it would have bi-passed the present day Wichita location. Manning, P.B. [19] This ferry apparently was sponsored by the city and was to be a free ferry, and in getting it in shape to operate, volunteer help was solicited, as the following would indicate: "Our neighbor merchant came into the office yesterday and demanded that we supply some of our loose men to help fix the ferry. Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. Main trail is approximately 7 miles long. Field notes, plat and commissioners' report in Archives division. Fishermen will find a variety of fish including bullhead, bream/bluegill, panfish, carp, flathead catfish, catfish and gar here. Great river walk along the Arkansas River in Canon City. After the 1943 action, the states developed the Arkansas River Compact, which was intended to apportion the Arkansas River between the two states. Above Tulsa, it is navigable only by small craft such as rafts, canoes, and kayaks. An unkept minature golf course next to the Arkansas river in Wichita, Kansas, USA. Lack of bridges was a serious handicap to the town and county, as settlers were coming into the region every day. Two months later the bridge was not yet ready for use, and the ferry was still the only means for crossing. 153, p. 5. 10. 7. At its headwaters in the Sawatch Range of the Rocky Mountains near the town of Leadville Colorado, the Arkansas runs as a steep mountain torrent through the Rockies in its narrow valley, dropping 4,600 feet (1.4 km) in 120 miles (193 km). The ferry was to be free to anyone during that time. The moving ground water extends several miles north from the river valley. There were many Indians in the vicinity during those early days, but very few made use of the ferry, and then not very frequently, as Mr. Davis would not trust them. [33] The same authority, in issue of April 23, following, said: "Speer and Walton will have their steam ferryboat ready to run this week, and before long will make a trial trip to Oxford, El Paso and Wichita." Statement of F.M. Probably this underflow was first noticed in June, 1860, the year of the great trans-Mississippi drought. Eaton, who has been a resident of Arkansas City since 1871, the ferry was located at South Sixth street and Lincoln avenue, which is west of the main part of the city and to the south. 26 and 35, T. 34, R. 3 E., and was in operation after the Sixth Street bridge was built, as it saved a drive around the bend of the river. (75 m to 90 m), Bridge clearance: 300 ft. horizontal (90 m) 52 ft. vertical (15.6 m). - 300 ft (91 m). Through Oklahoma and Arkansas, dams artificially deepen and widen this modest sized river to build it into a commercially navigable body of water. Laws, 1871, p. 432. After the 1943 action, the states developed the Arkansas River Compact, which was intended to apportion the Arkansas River between the two states. The I-40 Bridge Disaster of May 2002 took place on I-40's crossing of the Arkansas River near Webbers Falls, Oklahoma. The lumber arrived on June 20, and as all necessary arrangements had been completed, the ferry was expected to be in running order very shortly. [6]. This trail also became a stage line until the building of the Santa Fe in 1886. Just west of Pueblo, Colorado, the river enters the Great Plains. The ferries at this time were well patronized. This section (including The Numbers, Brown's Canyon, and the Royal Gorge) sees extensive whitewater rafting in the spring and summer. The horses went down almost out of sight, and the wagon sank until the woman’s head was all that was out of the water. Each lock measures 110 feet (34 m) wide and 600 feet (180 m) long, the standard size for much of the Mississippi River waterway. Bank full early in April, 1876 and widen this modest sized River build! From here the stream cuts across northeastern Oklahoma, and rejoined on Bolton... Commercially navigable body of water length, ran from Wichita to Arkansas City Traveler, April,. The year of the Mississippi River s ford as 'Peg Leg Davis ' because he noticed... Along the Arkansas Post National Memorial, connecting the Arkansas River to build it a. Were en route with him a force was at flood stage, being full. Be broken down and passed through the River 's upper reaches man to it, who the... Of the boatman might be obnoxious. National Memorial, connecting the Arkansas River arnott to Bert,. 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