Germany introduced more powerful anti-tank guns, some which had been in the early stages of development prior to the war. Tanks were also vulnerable to hand-placed anti-tank mines. Anti-tank rifles were introduced in some armies before the Second World War to provide infantry with a stand-off weapon when confronted with a tank assault. Any field artillery cannon with barrel length 15 to 25 times longer than its caliber was able also to fire anti-tank ammunition, such as the Soviet A-19. [1] The first developed anti-tank weapon was a scaled-up bolt-action rifle, the Mauser 1918 T-Gewehr, that fired a 13mm cartridge with a solid bullet that could penetrate the thin armor of tanks of the time and destroy the engine or ricochet inside, killing occupants. These ranged from hollow charge designs (e.g., the British No. artillery tractors) the anti-tank rifle units helped to separate the supporting infantry (panzergrenadiers) and artillery of the German tanks and so forced the tanks to halt at short distances from the concealed anti-tank guns leaving them exposed to fire from larger, longer ranged anti-tank guns. The development of light, man-portable, anti-tank weapons increased during the Second World War. In the NATO countries little if any development took place on defining a doctrine of how to use armed forces without the use of tactical nuclear weapons. The Model SS41 – A Czech Bullpup Anti-Tank Rifle for the SS June 23, 2017 Ian McCollum 59 The SS41 was a bullpup, bolt action antitank rifle manufactured in small numbers by CZ for the SS. A round of Out of this necessity came the Rifle, Anti-Tank, .55in, Boys. It fires the 20x138B cartridge which was also used in the Finnish Lahti L-39 and […] Posts navigation. Pictures of The Maginot line defenses – up to 25 km (16 mi) deep from the forward positions to the rear line – were intended to prevent a surprise attack and delay any attack while the French Army was mobilized. As tanks were rarely used in conflicts between the two World Wars, no specific aircraft or tactics were developed to combat them from the air. Anti tank rifle taken straight out of WW1, used by the German Empire to combat against the new British tanks! Finally in early 1917 the 3.7 cm TaK from Rheinmetall was rushed to the frontline, and proved effective in destroying the tanks despite limited elevation and traverse. Although the AT rifle performance was negated by the increased armor of medium and heavy tanks by 1942, they remained viable against lighter-armored and unarmored vehicles, and against field fortification embrasures. However, the Soviet tanks armed with 45 mm guns easily destroyed the German light tanks. The shaped charge concept is officially known as the "Munroe Effect" and was discovered by accident decades earlier by Professor Charles E. Munroe at the U.S. Torpedo Station, Providence, RI. This method reduced both weight and conversion costs. The effect was also concentrated and could penetrate more armor for a given amount of explosives. It has been reported to have successfully engaged aerial targets, as well as being an anti-tank missile. The United States was one of the last, coming up with the BGM-71 TOW in 1970. T-Gewehr taken in Battery Todt museum in France, note the sling and crude bi-pod. The intention was to preserve the morale of the infantry by providing a weapon that could actually defeat a tank. This came to influence their planning in 1940. After the war, research on infantry anti-tank weapons continued, with most designers focused on two primary goals: first an anti-tank weapon that could defeat more heavily armored postwar tanks and fighting vehicles, and second a weapon lightweight and portable enough for infantry use. 73 Grenade). Close defense weapons such as pistol ports, hull-, coaxial- and pintle-mounted machine guns gave them some protection however. sfn error: no target: CITEREFStokesbury1990 (, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, strapped explosives like grenade packs or dynamite to their bodies, Lone Sentry: New Weapons for Jap Tank Hunters (U.S. WWII Intelligence Bulletin, March 1945), "Chinese Tank Forces and Battles before 1949, Chapter One: PLA Tank Forces In Its Infancy", "Xinhui Presents: Chinese Tank Forces and Battles before 1949", "STORM OVER TAIERZHUANG 1938 PLAYER'S AID SHEET", "Reformist Writer Mansour Al-Hadj: In My Youth, I Was Taught to Love Death", Hezbollah anti-tank fire causing most IDF casualties in Lebanon – Haaretz Daily Newspaper | Israel News. (@ww1_anti_tank_rifle) on TikTok | 0 Likes. Anti-tank defense proper was by 1942 designed in First World War fashion with several prepared trench lines incorporating anti-tank weapons of different capabilities. The use of the tank was primarily based on the assumption that, once they were able to eliminate the German trench lines with their machine gun and Infantry support gun positions, the Allied infantry would follow and secure the breach, and the cavalry would exploit the breach in the trench lines by attacking into the depth of German-held territory, eventually capturing the field artillery positions and interdicting logistics and reserves being brought up from the rear areas. The Interwar period was dominated by the strategic thinking with fortified borders at its core. Sitting in trenches for months at a time, enduring the terrible weather, then fighting in rushed advances and brutal close combat, men needed a rugged weapon that could take a battering. 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