The 2010 Malaysian Population Census showed the Melanaus population in Sarawak, Malaysia was about 123,410. The Sarawak Gazette, published by the Brooke government, recorded a variety of news relating to economics, agriculture, anthropology, archaeology, began circulation in 1870 and continues in modern times. Judging from the demographic behaviour of the communities, growth of Sarawak's population during the next two decades will remain substantial because the numerically large cohort of women born in the 1960s will be reaching their prime reproductive age and most of them will marry and bear children. [139] Birdwatching is a common activity in various national parks such as Gunung Mulu National Park, Lambir Hills National Park,[140] and Similajau National Park. [34] Sarawak Chinese are primarily Buddhist and Christian,[265] and speak a multitude of dialects: Cantonese, Foochow, Hakka, Hokkien, Teochew, and Henghua (Putian people). [313] Ethnic groups also celebrate their own festivals. Sarawak’s capital, Kuching has a population of over 600,000 that comes from plenty of ethnic groups namely Iban, Chinese, Malay, Melanau, Bidayuh, Penan, Kelabit and Kenyah. [302][303], In the years before federation, the colonial government recognised that British education and indigenous culture was influencing a new generation of Iban teachers. [249] However, this population is distributed over a large area resulting in Sarawak having the lowest population density in the country with only 20 people per km2. Male population of Sarawak increased from 1,353.1 thousands in 2013 to 1,443.3 thousands in … Sarawak currently records a strong financial performance with an income surplus for several years in a row, which resulted in RM22.0 billion of state reserves at the end of 2013. International rating agency, Moody’s Investors Service upgraded Sarawak state’s issuer rating in March 2012 to “A3 / Stable Outlook” and Standard & Poor maintains its “A- / Stable Outlook “ rating on Sarawak. An appeals court and Courts of Kadi were also formed. Humidity is usually high, exceeding 68 per cent, with annual rainfall varying between 330 centimetres (130 in) and 460 centimetres (180 in) for up to 220 days a year. (page 64), Faisal, 2012. [126][127] The last contains Sarawak Chamber, one of the world's largest underground chambers,[128] Deer Cave, the largest cave passage in the world,[129] and Clearwater Cave, the longest cave system in Southeast Asia. [315], Sarawak being home to diverse communities, Sarawakian cuisine has a variety of ethnically influenced cuisines and cooking styles rarely found elsewhere in Malaysia. Sarawak (Jawi: سراوق, Aussprache: [saˈrawaʔ]) ist ein Bundesstaat von Malaysia. Mount Murud is the highest point in Sarawak. He said Sarawak … [152] The issue of human rights of the Penan and deforestation in Sarawak became an international environmental issue when Swiss activist Bruno Manser visited Sarawak regularly between 1984 and 2000. Empire of Japan 1942–1945 (Source:Yearbook of Statistics,2005 ) The non-Muslim indigenous communities are collectively called Dayaks – most of whom are Christians or practise animist beliefs – and they account for about 40 per cent of Sarawak’s inhabitants. [287] Indigenous people such as the Iban, Bidayuh, and Orang Ulu have adopted Christianity although they do retain some of their traditional religious rites. The combined throughput of the four primary ports was 61.04 million freight weight tonnes (FWT) in 2013. [266] Chinese settlers in Sarawak were not limited to any one area. He concludes that DBP cannot publish books in regional languages (pages 59 and 60), Postill, 2006. [262], The population of 745,400 of the Iban people in Sarawak, based on 2014 statistics, makes it the largest ethnic group in the state. However, the throughput of Sibu port has declined over the years after Tanjung Manis Industrial Port (TIMP) began operating further downriver. [210] As of 2014[update], 82% of the rural areas have a fresh water supply. [134] The state is the habitat of endangered animals, including the borneo pygmy elephant, proboscis monkey, orangutans and Sumatran rhinoceroses. The first political party, the Sarawak United Peoples' Party (SUPP) ... (page 118) ... By 1962, there were six parties ... (page 119), Faisal, 2012. Most of the population now lives in larger towns and cities, but there are still a significant number living in the traditional long houses in remote areas. [111] The Miri Division in eastern Sarawak is the region of Neogene strata containing organic rich rock formations which are the prolific oil and gas reserves. The per capita GDP in Sarawak was lower than the national average from 1970 to 1990. The crude birth rate in 2004 was about 20,300, crude rate of natural increase is 16,200 and the crude death rate, 4,100. This makes Bintulu as one of the most loosely populated division in Sarawak with only 14 people per kilometre. [147] The Sarawak Forest Department was established in 1919 to conserve forest resources in the state. Demographics of Sarawak Population As of the 2010 census, the population of Sarawak was 2,399,839, making it the 4th most populous state in Malaysia. Edit Profile; Receive email updates; Statistics; Login The Rajang River is the longest river in Malaysia, measuring 563 kilometres (350 mi) including its tributary, Balleh River. [46] Charles Vyner Brooke, the last Rajah of Sarawak, had already left for Sydney, Australia; his officers were captured by the Japanese and interned at the Batu Lintang camp. Sarawak had a population of 2.07 million. After ten weeks of fighting there, the Allied forces surrendered on 1 April 1942. The largest among the 13 states, with an area almost equal to that of Peninsular Malaysia, Sarawak is located in northwest Borneo Island, and is bordered by the Malaysian state of Sabah to the northeast, Kalimantan (the Indonesian portion of Borneo) to the south, and Brunei in the north. BACKGROUND INFORMATION State of Sarawak 1 Facts on Sarawak 2 Basic Statistics 3 Exchange Rates 3 State Government 4 Sarawak : Administrative Divisions and Districts 5 - 6 Sarawak : Land Use Classification, 2011 7 Sarawak : Natural Resources 8 Key Summary Statistics of Malaysia Population 2010 9 Sarawak : Population, Average Growth Rate, Area, Living Quarters & A village health promoter program, where volunteers are provided with basic medical training, was established in 1981 but difficulty in providing medical supplies to remote villages, as well as a lack of incentive, resulted in a decline of the program. They celebrate major cultural festivals such as Hungry Ghost Festival and the Chinese New Year much as their ancestors did. [113] In 1961, Sarawak including neighbouring Sabah, which had been included in the International Maritime Organization (IMO) through the participation of the United Kingdom, became joint associate members of the IMO. Sarawak and the Colors of Culture. [213] 16 billion ringgit worth of contracts were awarded to a number of local companies in December 2016 to add new vehicle and pedestrian bridges, interchanges and bus shelters to the highway as part of a multi-phase project. [114] Sarawak is separated from Kalimantan Borneo by ranges of high hills and mountains that are part of the central mountain range of Borneo. [35] The Brooke family generally practised a paternalistic form of government with minimal bureaucracy, but were pressured to establish some form of legal framework. [107][108][109] There are also several Sarawak–Kalimantan border issues with Indonesia. The latter two are satellite campuses of Curtin University in Perth and Swinburne University of Technology in Melbourne, Australia. English and Malay are the two official languages of the state; there is no official religion. 8809, Agreement relating to the implementation of the Manila Accord, "The North Kalimantan Communist Party and People's Republic of China", "Book Review: The Rise and Fall of Communism in Sarawak 1940–1990", "Saga of communist insurgency in Sarawak", "Abang Johari Ketua Menteri baharu Sarawak", "My Constitution: Sabah, Sarawak and special interests", "My Constitution: About Sabah and Sarawak", "Vote-buying, treating, illegal campaigning mars Sarawak polls, says Bersih 2.0", "The Sarawak Chinese Voters and Their Support for the Democratic Action Party (DAP)", "SNAP faces more resignations over BN move", "Analysis: Party loyalty counts for little in Sarawak", "SPECIAL REPORT: The Ming Court Affair (subscription required)", "BN retains Sarawak, Taib sworn in as CM", "DAP: Sarawak Pakatan formed to promote two-party system", "Sarawak BN parties pull out of coalition to form independent state-based pact", "Sabah, Sarawak to be restored as equal partners forming Malaysia, says Dr M", "Sabah, Sarawak to be restored as equal partners forming Malaysia, not just component states, says PM Mahathir", "No two-thirds majority for Bill to make Sabah, Sarawak equal partners", "Kod Dan Nama Sempadan Pentadbiran Tanah", "Limbang issue was never discussed: Pehin Dato Lim", "Loss of James Shoal could wipe out state's EEZ", "China Coast Guard vessel found at Luconia Shoals", "Presence of China Coast Guard ship at Luconia Shoals spooks local fishermen", "Border disputes differ for Indonesia, M'sia", "Convention on the Inter-governmental Maritime Consultative Organization Done at Geneva on 6 March 1948 [Communication From the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland]", "Trekking to Western Julan waterfall, the highest in Sarawak", "Geochemical characterization of Neogene sediments from onshore West Baram Delta Province, Sarawak: paleoenvironment, source input and thermal maturity", "China's "Supercave" Takes Title as World's Most Enormous Cavern", "Sarawak National Park – Biodiversity Conservation", "Rainforest is destroyed for palm oil plantations on Malaysia's island state of Sarawak (Image 1 and Image 2)", "Rainforest is destroyed for palm oil plantations on Malaysia's island state of Sarawak (Image 3)", "Sumatran Orangutans' rainforest home faces new threat", 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T14352A4434312.en, International Tropical Timber Organization, "Diving in Miri-Sibuti Coral Reefs National Park", "Padawan Pitcher Plant & Wild Orchid Centre", "6. 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