Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. Poecilia velifera, the Yucatan Molly, lives in coastal waters of the Yucatan peninsula.These live-bearer (Poeciliidae) fish are particularly well known for both the extreme size variation among males, and the sexual dimorphism between males and females in both body shape and behavior.It is outwardly similar to the sailfin molly, P. latipinna, though larger overall and with a higher and … Some color and fin characteristics could only be established in the strains through species … Occurrences are summarized in Table 1, alphabetically by state, with years of earliest and most recent observations, and the tally and names of drainages where the species was observed. Per quanto riguarda la sistematica andiamo a c… At least three species of mollies are the parent species of the numerous breeding forms that exist of these fish today: Poecilia sphenops, P. latipinna, and P. velifera. Especially small strains are suitable for keeping in an aquarium. They are able to withstand higher temperatures than most pet fish. Poecilia velifera. A tank of at least 30 gallons should be provided Best when fed small meals frequently. He's a majestic male chocolate molly (Poecilia latipinna). My 150 Gallon planted tank with the "King of Mollies", The Giant Sailfin Molly (Poecilia Velifera). Mollies (Poecilia velifera, P. latipinna, P. sphenops) are even more robust and have the ability to adapt to a wide range of salinity; they can live in pure freshwater or ocean water. Often, however, they can only be distinguished by the number of rays on the dorsal fin. Sailfin molly, Breitflossenkärpfling (German), bubuntis (Tagalog), Molinezja szerokopletwa (Polish), molliénésie á voilure (French), and tabai (Hawaiian). [2021]. The section is now dynamically updated from the NAS database to ensure that it contains the most current and accurate information. Media related to Poecilia velifera at Wikimedia Commons (2008) do not mention this as a permanently established species in Florida. Hybrids are also known, including P. formosa, a so-called species that is always female, resulting from a cross between P. sphenops and P.… These livebearers are native to fresh, brackish and salt water in the Americas, and some species in the genus are euryhaline.A few have adapted to living in waters that contain high levels of toxic hydrogen sulfide (H 2 S) and a population of P. mexicana lives in caves (other populations of … The French terms are used for both species indiscriminately, as is the Japanese name (which is simply the Japanized form of "sailfin molly"). (1991), Menhinick (1991), and Page and Burr (1991); a formerly used name is Mollienesia latipinna (Miller 1983). Page 1 of 2 - poecilia latipinna sailfin development - posted in Killifishes, Livebearers and Pupfishes: Just finished reading an interesting article in the most recent American Livebearer Association journal (Livebearers) primarily about Poecilia vellifera in the aquarium hobby. 1962. Endemicto southeastern Mexico but has been introduced into several other countries, including Colombia, Israel, Singapore and Taiwan. These live-bearer (Poeciliidae) fish are particularly well known for both the extreme size variation among males, and the sexual dimorphism between males and females in both body shape and behavior. The dorsal fins are the most distinctive character for telling the species apart: Those of the Yucatan molly have nearly 20 fin rays, counting where the fin meets the back, whereas the sailfin molly has less than 15 (intermediate numbers may indicate hybrids). P. latipinna is universally referred to as the sailfin molly in English ornamental fish literature. La popolarità dei molly è senza dubbio dovuta alla facilità con cui essi possono essere mantenuti e riprodotti; non è da dimenticare che allo stesso genere appartiene l’arcinoto guppy, conosciuto anche come “pesce milione”. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. Hybrids are also known, including P. formosa, a so-called species that is always female, resulting from a cross between P. sphenops and P. latipinna. Males have a much larger dorsal fin than females that they flare when courting or showing aggression. They simply selected fish with more and more black on them for breeding, until they had set the black molly form sometime in the 1950s (I believe). The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Poecilia latipinna × velifera are found here. No voucher specimens exist. Poecilia velifera Yucatan Peninsula Common Name- The Giant Sailfin Molly Water Conditions- Good filtration, 73-80 temp, pH 7.5- 8.5 Water Changes of a least 50% a week Behavior- A well behaved community species. Possibly P. mexicana was also involved, but this is unclear, as this species was long considered a synonym of P. sphenops.. These live-bearer (Poeciliidae) fish are particularly well known for both the extreme size variation among males, and the sexual dimorphism between males and females in both body shape and behavior. It is outwardly similar to the sailfin molly, P. latipinna, though larger overall and with a higher and longer dorsal fin in males. However, they have a similar shape with the Common Mollies but are more rectangular in shape and are more laterally shaped. Mascotte de notre club, ce poisson délicat demande des soins très spécifiques. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Miller (1983) gave a key to this species and other Mexican Poecilia.Photographs of wild-caught and aquarium strains appeared in Wischnath (1993) and Yamamoto and Tagawa (2000). Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. Florida's Exotic Freshwater Fishes - 2007. Nevada State Print Office, Carson City, NV. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made. There are many hybrid varieties of several different. If the males spread their dorsal fins in display, these have a distinct fan or trapezoid shape, with the upper edge being distinctly longer than the lower. Although they can survive over 30 °C for prolonged periods of time if other conditions are good, temperatures should be kept between 25 and 30 °C. This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. Poecilia velifera, the Yucatan molly, lives in coastal waters of the Yucatan peninsula. There are… Identification: Distinguishing characteristics given by Miller (1983), Hubbs et al. Several color variants are also available; these usually do not attain the large size of wild-type fish and may have been crossbred with P. latipinna. Hybrids of P. latipinna X P. velifera are heavily melanistic or black. Title: Poecilia velifera (Yucatan Molly) Ecological Risk Screening Summary Author: USFWS Created Date: 9/16/2019 9:18:32 AM Biological Conservation 6(4):292-302. 1974. Gestring, and M.S. Poecilia velifera these pretty fish are best kept alone or with other Livebearers in large well planted aquariums. Direct sunlight and an ample supply of plant food, such as lettuce, peas, or certain algae, are necessary for optimal health; in subtropical areas, they can be kept outside in unheated tanks in the summer; in temperate zones, backup heating may be necessary. Florida Scientist 71(3):220-245. An aquarium hobby classic, the Molly is a livebearing species found through parts of Central America but it has been bred worldwide for the aquarium hobby for decades. Gainesville, Florida. Aquarium black mollies are mostly sphenops with some velifera and latipinna genetics. In that time, the wild form has been developed in to dozens of varieties and color forms, including 'Dalmatian', Black, Gold, and others. Haven't seen a chocolate version of the Poecilia velifera yet. Accessed [2/7/2021]. The Sailfin Molly is closest to the wild form and the largest growing of all … So, if that is the only way you can keep them, by all means do so. They prefer a little sea salt in their water (one teaspoon to two gallons of water). The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. Picture 2 is a sphenops from western Mexico. water to thrive. Poecilia is a genus of fishes in the family Poeciliidae Poecculent of the order Cyprinodontiformes. It is especially hard to get males to grow their spectacular fins. Possibly P. mexicana was also involved, but this is unclear, as this species was long considered a synonym of P. sphenops.. The height of the dorsal fin, measured at the posterior edge, is a bit larger than the height of the tail. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-2.RLTS.T191755A2002448.en, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Poecilia_velifera&oldid=985061170, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "Korean": 자이언트 세일핀 몰리 ("Giant sailfim molly), This page was last edited on 23 October 2020, at 18:39. (2019). Unknown (but likely failed) in most locations. To transition a molly to saltwater, adjustment time is needed; increase the salt content to match the reef tank over a period of three hours. However, this fish is not as easy to keep as the sailfin molly, let alone the P. sphenops (black molly). Full-grown fish are usually larger than 10 cm (4 in) and large females can reach almost twice this length, though especially captive-bred individuals grow only to the size of sailfin mollies. This strain of molly can also be kept in saltwater reef tanks, and provide clean-up duties for the tank. Chocolate mollies are available on the market as being Poecilia sphenops and Poecilia latipinna. For queries involving invertebrates, contact Amy Benson. Young can then, climate permitting, grow in spacious outdoor basins during summer. Picture one is a young latipinna from Texas. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. Other articles where Poecilia latipinna is discussed: molly: …and the sailfin mollies (P. latipinna and P. velifera), which are shiny and bluish and are noted for the large, showy dorsal fin of the male. Il gruppo di pesci d’acquario comunemente indicati come “molly” deve il suo nome alla vecchia nomenclatura scientifica, la quale identificava il genere come Mollienisia, attualmente sostituito con Poecilia. Table 1. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data. References to specimens that were not obtained through sighting reports and personal communications are found through the hyperlink in the Table 1 caption or through the individual specimens linked in the collections tables. Like other Poecilia, they are prone to hybridization with their relatives. But the male of P. velifera has a larger dorsal fin with pearly spots. Stanford. Looks very like Poecilia latipinna. The table contains hyperlinks to collections tables of specimens based on the states, years, and drainages selected. In addition to live and flake food their diet should be supplemented with some plant material. It is affectionately known and named for the large, impressive dorsal fin displayed by males. Poecilia latipinna – This is the first and most common type of molly fish proved to be the most productive wildlife breeders. Special Notes [edit | edit source] It is the species of sailfin mollies that are usually found in the coastal waters of the southeast United States and all around the Gulf of Mexico. They belong to the group of Mollies that possess a large dorsal fin. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Ken, Poecilia velifera is more sensitive to water conditions than P. latipinna, since it hails from a more stable environment, the Mexican Yucatan Peninsula.It likes hard, alkaline conditions and can thrive in even marine conditions. Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted. Morphological divergence within and between the Mexican sailfin mollies, Poecilia velifera and Poecilia petenensis May 2006 Journal of Fish Biology 68(5):1610-1630 The Sailfin Molly (Poecilia latipinna/velifera) is one of the most celebrated and beautiful livebearers in the aquarium world, boasting a variety of stunning color forms. These, along with a number of hybrids with multiple species, are collectively known as black mollies ( USGS NAS, 2014 ). Poecilia velifera ne ha 18-19, mentre Poecilia latipinna solo 14. Some names of the Yucatan molly - such as Segelkärpfling or the specific name velifera - contain an element signifying "sail", aggravating the confusion with the sailfin molly. One of the things discussed in this article was that it seems (in general) to be easier to raise large … For queries involving fish, please contact Matthew Neilson. At least three species of mollies are the parent species of the numerous breeding forms that exist of these fish today: Poecilia sphenops, P. latipinna, and P. velifera. Fishes and fisheries of Nevada. Exotic fishes in fresh and brackish waters of Florida. Some color and fin characteristics could only be established in the strains … They are bred like other mollies; in line with their general requirements, this is somewhat more difficult than in related species. Shafland, P.L., K.B. 2008. Not infrequently, crosses are attempted with the sailfin molly to breed a hardier fish. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information. † Populations may not be currently present. I've got a male overhere that is quite different than the other males. Courtenay, W.R., Jr., H.F. Sahlman, W.W. Miley, and D.J. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. The Nonindigenous Occurrences section of the NAS species profiles has a new structure. Males have a much larger dorsal fin than females that they flare when courting or showing aggression. Professional breeders often separate males and females in winter, so that they are eager to breed in spring. Questa specie è più difficile da allevare in salute rispetto alle altre del genere, e deve essere rigorosamente mantenuta un'alta qualità dell'acqua, in particolare quando i maschi stanno sviluppando la loro splendida pinna dorsale in tutta la sua estensione. Manfred K. Meyer, Klaus Schneider, Alfred C. Radda, Brigitta Wilde & Manfred Schartl 2004: A new species of Poecilia, subgenus Mollienesia, from upper río Cahabón system, Guatemala, with remarks on the Nomenclature of Mollienesia petenensis Günther, 1866 (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae)]. Herrema. The Sailfin Molly P. latipinna may be distinguished from the Mexican Sailfin Molly P. velifera by having dark rectangular spots in the dorsal fin while the spots on P. velifera are lighter in color and round. Data related to Poecilia velifera at Wikispecies. Remarks: There are many hybrid varieties of several different Poecilia species (including P. latipinna, P. mexicana, P. sphenops, and P. velifera) that are collectively known as 'black mollies'. One of the most attractive and largest of the Mollies commonly available. The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. LaRivers, I. Likely aquarium release or escape from tropical fish farms. Also, P. latipinna produces semi-melanistic individuals in its native range. Other articles where Poecilia velifera is discussed: molly: latipinna and P. velifera), which are shiny and bluish and are noted for the large, showy dorsal fin of the male. This species has been bred extensively for decades and has been developed into nearly endless color varieties … ... Latipinna, Petenensis, ... - Les espèces à petite nageoire dorsale : P.Sphenops, Latipunctata, Mexicana, ... De taille jusqu'à 15cm pour les femelles, la nageoire dorsale compte 18 à 19 rayons. Mollies (Poecilia velifera, P. latipinna, P. sphenops) are even more robust and have the ability to adapt to a wide range of salinity; they can live in pure freshwater or ocean water. Shafland et al. The Sailfin Molly (Poecilia latipinna) Otherwise called the Topsail Molly, these species are one of the most attractive species of the Mollies. Poecilia velifera, the Yucatan molly, lives in coastal waters of the Yucatan peninsula. This is generally not very successful, and should not be attempted, as purebred Yucatan mollies are often quite hard to find, and hybrids will not have as massive dorsal fins as these. They need spacious tanks with well-aerated, slightly brackish[3] It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. Poecilia Velifera Species Information Native to North America: Southeastern Mexico. 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