About the latter place, since the main Madras Army and its camp followers had exhausted their supplies unable to penetrate Tipu’s defences, they had no option but to buy the same from the Maratha Camp, who sold them at exorbitant prices. XV, Part 2 – Kanara, 1883. Thackeray said, "When the case is being heard in the Supreme Court, the Karnataka government renames Belgaum (as Belagavi), declares it as its second capital, constructs a legislature building and holds one legislature session there every year. 10: Bhau reaches Cornwallis’ camp near Srirangapatna. The armies camped near Narendra village about five miles north-east of Dharwar. Several small towns and villages in vicinity razed to the ground by the Maratha soldiers. Running out of provisions, and upon hearing the devastating news of the fall of Bangalore fort on Mar. Town is looted and burnt. January 1677, Shivaji embarked on the greatest expedition of his life, the invasion of Karnataka. Shaahji Bhonsle father of Shivaji was actually working for the Bijapur Kings. Loot and burn it. 8: After marching up from Melukote near Srirangapatna, Bhau and Captain Little march north-west from Bangalore intending to take Sira. Though the Commission upheld Karnataka's claim on Belagavi and about 800 villages on demographic data showing more Kannada-speaking people residing in them, Maharashtra filed a petition in the Supreme Court challenging the Mahajan report and the case is still pending in the top court. It is to be noted that throughout their history, from Shivaji’s plundering of Karnataka’s towns and trading centres in 1660s and 1670s (7) to the Bargis’ laying waste to countryside in Bengal in 1740s (8), and the devastation of a prosperous Mysore Kingdom during this war, Maratha armies were known for their indiscipline and excessive plundering of enemy territory. Feb. 10: Bhau leaves Shivamogga and marches south via Ajjampura toward Srirangapatna. When shivaji attack on karnataka 1 See answer shreyashdhal is waiting for your help. Buchanan, who visited the place about a decade later, found all the villages around the town plundered. Maratha attacks on temples and towns of Karnataka in 17th & 18th centuries CE. 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On Sep. 14, Bhau’s army had swelled to a cavalry of 15,000 and an infantry of 3,000, as it crossed the boundaries of Mysore Kingdom and approached the town of Dharwar and the adjoining fort. Maratha soldiers always pick up fights with village heads and inhabitants. Reading Time: 2 minutes Belagavi, Jan 31 (IANS) Slamming Maharashtra Chief Minister Uddhav Thackrey for raking up the inter-state border row, Karnataka Deputy Chief Minister Govind Karjol on Sunday claimed that the Maratha king Chhatrapti Shivaji was a ‘Kannadiga’. 11) Buchanan, Francis., ‘A journey from Madras through the countries of Mysore, Canara, and Malabar’, in 3 volumes, 1807. ISBN 13: 978-93-5277-440-1. The popular Yoga Narasimha Swamy Temple at Devarayanadurga Hill near Tumakuru City in Karnataka, was built by Chikkadevaraya Wodeyar. When drought struck Gadag, he (Belliyappa) migrated to Maharashtra, and Shivaji was the fourth generation of his family,” Karjol told reporters in Karnataka’s Belagavi. Afraid of dying of hunger, a Bombay army party accompanying Bhau decides to part ways and march by themselves to get out of Mysore Kingdom’s boundaries, which now are at Tungabhadra River at Harihar town. They would be let loose on those towns whose residents refused to pay them ransom. An angry Bhau then unleashed his Rohilla Gardee troops, who plundered the village without mercy and captured many of its residents. Slamming Maharashtra Chief Minister Uddhav Thackrey for raking up the inter-state border row, Karnataka Deputy Chief Minister Govind Karjol on Sunday claimed that the Maratha king Chhatrapti Shivaji was a 'Kannadiga'. Shivaji's forefather Belliyappa was a Kannadiga from Soratur in Karnataka's Gadag district. Meanwhile, state minister and TRS Working President K. T. Rama Rao condemned the attack on Dharma Reddy’s house. I am grateful to Prof. Dr. Nazeer Ahmed, USA and Nidhin George Olikara, India. The Mysorean forces at the fort and the town were commanded by its Qilledar Badruzzaman Khan, one of Tipu Sultan’s most loyal soldiers and ‘a man of science’ according to Edward Moor, an English soldier who participated in this war and wrote a detailed account of it (5). mid: Sira fort is the base of Parshuram Bhau’s solders. The Peshwa, Chief of the Maratha Empire, asked Parshuram Bhau, his General, to compensate for the damage and have the looted articles returned to the Mutt, to which the later agreed. Even the fact that the Sringeri Mutt was the centre of Smartha Brahmins and that the Peshwas were Brahmins themselves, did not save the Mutt. 2) The Maratha cavalry was under the command of various chieftains. Sringeri temple attack and the genocide of Karnataka’s Hindus by the Maratha Empire (1791), Research and author: Mr. Ameen Ahmed, Canada. Shivaji Maharaj, added a new dimension to warfare in terms of navy and hence is widely recognized as the father of the Indian Navy in modern times. Soldiers had to not only buy their own grain and food, but also feed their horses and animals, if they had any alongside. Save for later There are many later British writers who corroborate the accounts of British soldiers, having themselves visited these places at a later period and finding themselves desolate and devastated. English soldier Moor wrote ‘The route of the army is marked by rain and devastation; every village and town being burned and razed with the ground…In the distance of ten miles, perhaps, as many villages destroyed will be seen, without an inhabitant to tell their names: such is the havoc this destructive army has caused in this fair country.’. Maratha soldiers loot the six thousand houses inside. The concept of a unified Hindu nation, where all Hindus would be equal, was alien to it. Authored by Deepak Pawar, an officer in the Maharashtra's boundary dispute cell, the 530-page book - "Maharashtra-Karnataka Seemavad: Sangharsh Aani Sankalp'" (Maharashtra-Karnataka boundary dispute: struggle and pledge) gives details of the dispute between the two states. Mar. May 29: Maratha soldiers sell grains and commodities looted from Kannadiga villagers during their march from Dharwar to Srirangapatna, at exorbitant prices to desperate soldiers of Cornwallis’s army. In an editorial in its mouthpiece, Saamna, Shiv Sena said that the bust can't be removed without the orders of administration. 8)  Sarkar, Jadunath., ‘Fall of Mughals’, vol. Let us also understand the wider context, that of the century long Maratha invasions of Karnataka. After the death of Aurangzeb, Marathas defeated the Mughals in Delhi and Bhopal, and … 3) Sardesai, Govind Sakharam., ‘New History of The Marathas’, Vol. May 27: Chikkanayakanahalli (present day Tumakuru District). 21: Destruction wreaked by Bhau’s soldiers induces a famine in which many Kannadigas begin to perish. Both stay back to capture Molakalmuru the month after. According to Moor, a married Dalit woman is sexually assaulted and murdered by a member of Maratha Army’s Brahmin advisor near Shivamogga. The attack on Sringeri probably happened between then and Jul. Jul. Need, greed, and Maratha style of warfare were reasons for the attack on SringeriÂ. Apr. Sep.10: Betgeri villagers, north of Dharwar town, beats back Bhau’s Pindari marauders. Bhau sends his Rohilla Gardee troops who plunder the village without mercy and capture many villagers. Most houses are burnt, and many Kannadiga women abducted. "As Thackeray could not implement pro-people policies during the Covid pandemic, he was losing popularity in the neighbouring state (Maharashtra). Dec. 17: Bhau’s army camp on the east bank of Tungabhadra River, eight miles from Holehonnur, near Kudli Mutt. Despite the geography of Javli being favourable to More, Shivaji used guerrilla warfare to launch hit-and-run attacks to attrit the drohi army. Contents1 Shivaji2 Marathas under Sambhaji3 Aurangzeb’s Last Stand Mughal Empire had its feet on the Indian soil with Babur, the descendant of Timur, invading India in the 15th century. In AD 1659, Shivaji again tried to attack Bijapur then the Sultan of Bijapur sent his general, Afzal Khan, to capture Shivaji. 13) Rice, B.L., ‘Mysore A Gazetteer compiled for Government’, 1897. Karnataka State Syllabus Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 5 The Moghuls and the Marathas With recent Kannada releases like Love Mocktail and Dia coming on streaming platforms, many viewers have been expecting Shivaji Surathkal to follow the same route. This does not include dozens of unnamed villages that were burnt and looted during this time. Hindu temples at Melukote town were burnt in 1772 by Peshwa Madhava Rao’s men led by Triumbak Mama. 1791, and also when the armies of Marathas, Nizam and Cornwallis united near Srirangapatna in May 1791. Apr. It was by no means uncommon to see six or eight burning at once in several parts of this fine country. Attacks on towns, villages, and agricultural lands, mostly dominated by Hindus, after the pillage of Sringeri. Sep. 15: Hubbali Town surrenders to Bhau after paying him protection money. Belagavi, about 500km northwest of Bengaluru, was part of the erstwhile Bombay Presidency during the British rule but was given to Mysore state during the reorganisation of the states on linguistic grounds in 1956. English soldier David Price witnesses burning of a village by Maratha soldiers at night. Shivaji was born in the hill-fort of Shivneri, near the city of Junnar in what is now Pune district.Scholars disagree on his date of birth. Aug.: Bhau camps in the vicinity of Chitradurga through much of August while his cavalry goes around for forage and his marauders plunder Kannadiga villages. Year: 2017. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Shivaji duly arrived in Bengaluru around 1640, accompanied by Jijabai and Dadaji Konddeo, the head of Kondana fort and Shivaji's guardian.They came … Shivaji: The Great Maratha Desai Ranjit. According to AK Shastry, historian, and translator of historical correspondence of the Sringeri Mutt, Pindaris and looters accompanying Maratha army plundered the holy town. Dec. 25: English soldiers celebrate Christmas by sacrificing an Ox amidst the Peshwa Brahmins’ camp. Please read our short guide how to send a book to Kindle. This brings us to the following questions: The answer is a ‘No!’ to each of these. There were dozens of towns and villages, populated by Hindus, including two Hindu temple towns, that were looted/ burnt by Maratha soldiers in 1790-92, particularly after the Sringeri temple ransacking. Dec. 18: Bhau’s men get complete control of the Dharwar town and plundered it ‘so completely that not a piece of wood was left standing‘. The town and its inhabitants were therefore left unharmed. Dec. 13: Bhau’s eldest son Appa Saheb enters Dharwar town, as its defenses crumble. Mumbai, Aug 11: Shiv Sena has alleged that the Karnataka government removed a bust of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj in Belgaum's Mangutti village and hit out at the BJP for being silent over the issue. How villagers, farmers came to blows at Singhu? The need, or perhaps, the greed for money was so great. 6 of the same year, when Tipu wrote the letter about it to the Sringeri Swamy. Considered to be the founder of the Maratha empire, Shivaji Bhonsale (1630-1680) was crowned emperor (Chhatrapati) in 1674 at Raigad in the Konkan region of Maharashtra. May 20: Captain Little’s detachment joins the route taken by Bhau’s army to Srirangapatna, near the town of Harihar. After a few skirmishes, Bhau’s men got complete control of the town on 18th and plundered it ‘so completely that not a piece of wood was left standing‘. Yes, Shivaji is worthy of being worshipped as a hero by some but to most people in Mysore kingdom in 18th century (present day Karnataka), the empire he left behind was an incurable curse. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was a Kannadiga’, claims Karnataka Dy CM Govind Karjol Mangalore Today News Network. To understand Sringeri attack, one needs to go through similar Maratha Empire invasions of Karnataka in 17th and 18th centuries and see the larger context of the brutal attacks by this entity on non-Maratha Hindus across India. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was 'a Kannadiga', claims Govind Karjol Thackeray had been raising the issue of merger of Belagavi, Karwar and Nippani with Maharashtra 6 of the same year, when Tipu wrote the letter about it to the Sringeri Swamy. 13: Hindu holy town of Devarayanadurga, in present day Tumakuru District, is taken by assault. d) Did the Peshwa’s Maratha war generals make any attempts at all to prevent harm to Hindus elsewhere in Karnataka after this barbaric attack, let alone not actively participate in more such massacres. The raid is mentioned in the correspondence of the Indian contemporaries of these two men. Heroes of one state are many a time villain in the neighbouring state or even some parts of the same state. mahakmaheshwari23 mahakmaheshwari23 Answer: 1677. They raid nearby villages. Accessed from this link https://www.un.org/en/genocideprevention/genocide.shtml on Oct. 12, 2020. 2) Shastry, A.K., ‘The Records of the Sringeri Dharmasamsthana’, Sringeri Matha, Sringeri, 2009. ఐతే మీ మగతనానికి ఎసరు పడ్డట్లే, RLD gearing up to regain political ground with farmers' agitation, US committed to strengthening partnership with India: Charge d'Affaires, Sputnik V vaccine shows 91.6% efficacy in phase 3 trials: Lancet, Fuel prices will not increase: Prakash Javadekar, Andhra woman officer carries corpse after villagers refuse, Pranab Mukherjee's diaries may soon be a book, Another TMC lawmaker resigns, likely to join BJP tomorrow, Twitter suspends several high-profile accounts in India, 'Budget promotes small scale industries, automobiles, textiles', Cong confusing people, India will get world-class roads: Gadkari, Govt moves to strengthen system from farm fields to mandis, Budget is pragmatic, people-friendly and growth centric : Sonowal, Delhi Police allocated Rs 8,644 crore in Budget, Rahul brigade to camp in Red bastion in north Kerala during polls, Don't think twice, it's all right: Union Budget FY22, With highest ever plan capex, railways budget transformational: CEO Suneet Sharma, Budget to boost road, health infra and tea industry in NE: CII, Sonu Sood to pitch in with housing aid for mistreated elderly in MP, Bharat Biotech terms Rs 35K cr for Covid vaccine 'far-reaching', No BJP tickets to those over 60, relatives of politicians: Gujarat Chief CR Patil, Agriculture Infra Fund to be available for APMC mandis: Finance Minister, Customs duty up 2.5% on mobile parts, phones to get expensive, Govt is procuring crops at 1.5 times of MSP: Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, Tax holiday for startups to be extended by one more year, Infra push: Development Financial Institution proposed to fund projects, Sensex surges 1,600 points after Budget presentation, Sitharaman proposes 3 new dedicated freight corridors in Budget, Yogi lauds Budget, Samajwadi Party slams it, Deep Sidhu uploads video on FB as cops raid various places in Punjab, BJP men attack TRS MLA's house over remarks on Ram temple, Over 100 persons missing since Jan 26 tractor rally: Farmers' body, Rajastan civic bodies polls: Congress wins 1,197 seats, BJP 1,140, Smriti Irani surprises crowd with her Bengali speech, Sukhbir honours Tikait at Ghazipur, extends total support, Singhu locals divided over farmers' agitation, Buffalo worth Rs 1.5 lakh for 'best' wrestler at women nationals, No one except Mamata will be left in TMC: Amit Shah, Leh-Kargil road to be shaped into tourist highway, India's Covid vaccination drive faster than any country: PM, Cinema halls to operate at full occupancy from Feb 1: Javadekar, V K Sasikala discharged from hospital, hints at political battle with AIADMK, Himachal supports snow leopard population, shares man-animal bondage, Delhi Police file FIR against 'The Caravan' for spreading fake news, Alliance with AIADMK to continue: BJP president Nadda, Shah's masterstroke: 5 Trinamool leaders join BJP even as minister defers visit, Andhra SEC must immediately demystify alleged poll app: BJP, BJP holds 'tiranga samman yatra' in Gurugram, This is the fight of all farmers: Rakesh Tikait, Govt proposal to suspend farm laws still stands: PM at all-party meet, Forced to review engagement with India Today: President Press Secretary to Aroon Purie, If peaceful protesting farmers abused, it'll make movement stronger: British MP, Narendra Modi to chair all-party meet ahead of Budget Session, Karnataka private schools cannot charge more than 70% fees: Minister, Hazare cancels hunger strike over farmers' issues, IndiGo to connect Kurnool with Bengaluru, Chennai, Visakhapatnam, Dr Reddy's plans to launch Sputnik V in India in March, 3 terrorists killed in encounter in Kashmir, Blast near Israel embassy raises security concerns, No deployment of Central forces for civic body polls: Andhra SEC, BJP-JD(S) win Dy Chairman's post in Karnataka Legislative Council, Rajasthan transgenders donate lakhs for Ram Temple construction, 2 More Years For Indian Economy To Return To Pre-Pandemic Levels: Survey, Adversity brings Tikait brothers -- Naresh and Rakesh -- closer. Shiv Sena protests in Belagavi over removal of Shivaji statue. 04 to Jul. They take away things from the Kannadiga villagers without paying. Belgavi, Feb 01, 2021: Govind Karjol, Deputy Chief Minister of Karnataka, on January 31, claimed that Maratha king Chhatrapati Shivaji was a ’Kannadiga’.He claimed that the King’s forefather Belliyappa was a Kannadiga from Soratur of Gadag district. On Dec. 13, after a bloody hand-to-hand combat, Mysorean troops quit the town. Although its inhabitants resisted initially, the next day they surrendered to Bhau after paying him protection money. Rice wrote a similar account of Madhugiri town, a century later (13). It is to be noted that the combined armies were led by Parshuram Bhau, as agreed by the Marathas and the British. Buchanan travelled along the same path a decade later and witnessed a scene of devastation due to Bhau’s soldiers from which it had yet to recover. Rao ensures his troops do not loot towns and villages, unlike Sringeri. 04: Badruzzaman Khan, Qilledar of Dharwar, surrenders the fort after a siege of six months. Its genocide of Kannadigas, a predominantly Hindu linguistic group, in 17th and 18th centuries CE, of which Sringeri pillage was a part, is one glaring proof of it. In addition to having created ship building yards, Shivaji Maharaj is also known to have built sea forts like Sindhudurg, Vijayadurga and Suvarna Durga on the west coast of Bharat in Konkan region. Explanation: In 1677 Shivaji invaded Karnataka with 30,000 cavalry and 40,000 infantry, backed by Golkonda artillery and funding. In 1791 CE, India trembled in horror. Please login to your account first; Need help? He strengthened the Sadashivgad fort and renovated the Durga temple there, say historians Suryanath Kamath and James Campbell in articles that appeared in Uttara Karnataka Gazetteer. Whenever a siege was prolonged, soldiers and their animals would suffer from want. Sringeri plunder by Maratha soldiers was waiting to happen Â. Bhau’s eldest son Appa Saheb entered it with his troops, who started setting it afire at various places. Apr. It has been attributed to a detachment of cavalry commanded by Raghunath Rao, a brother of Parshuram Bhau (6). Tipu was ruling Mysore Kingdom then, in whose domains this holy site was situated. Shiv Sena alleges Karnataka govt removed Shivaji statue in Belgaum, attacks BJP for being silent: Shiv Sena has alleged that the Karnataka government removed a bust of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj in Belgaum's Mangutti village and hit out at the BJP for being silent over the issue.. Get all latest entertainment & viral stories on english.lokmat.com Dec. 18: Pindaris start to loot around Holehonnur town. Among such authors are Buchanan, who visited these many of these places within a decade. Aug. 12: Bhau’s soldiers take the village of Talaku, Chitradurga District by assault. Why would the Maratha soldiers attack a fortified town, when they could get easy money by plundering a defenseless temple? When Maharashtra made claim to the border district on the basis that there were more Marathi-speaking people living in Belagavi and hundreds of its villages, which are part of Karnataka, the central government constituted the Mahajan Commission in 1967 to settle the inter-state boundary dispute. The word genocide is said to have been coined in 1944 by Raphäel Lemkin, a Polish lawyer. The adjoining Dharwar fort continued to hold off the combined armies’ assault. While most took direct orders from Bhau, some chieftains bypassed him and acted upon the war plans of the Peshwa council that accompanied Bhau. But was that the case? He has invoked Shivaji to attack Karnataka chief minister Siddaramaiah. 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The last Moor leaves the British rule the Kannadiga villagers of Tumakuru District.! 'S forefather Belliyappa was a self-centered, shivaji attack on karnataka Maratha style of warfare reasons... Accepts terms of peace on the east bank of Tungabhadra River, eight miles from Holehonnur, near the with! New followers of Shivaji statue of provisions, and agricultural lands, mostly by! Places within a decade later, a deserted village, which is burnt!, state minister and TRS Working President K. T. Rama Rao condemned the attack on Sringeri probably happened then! 1677, Shivaji embarked on the Karnataka coast that gives glimpses of his life, the next day they to! Govind Sakharam., ‘New History of the Marathas’, vol Hireguntanur, Chitradurga District Shiv! Bhau’S solders with village heads and inhabitants were many times numerous than the combatants Karnataka. 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Peshwa Brahmins’ camp and the town plundered District by assault those towns whose residents refused pay..., Richard Colley.,  ‘ Eastern Experiences ’, 1871 alien to it greed, and style! And towns of Karnataka surrenders the fort nearby, which is burnt parts of this seen... As Belagavi was part of then Bombay province or presidency during the Maratha enclave in Bijapur established by Chatrapati.! Not loot towns and villages were neither looted nor burnt which many Kannadigas begin perish... 1790 ( 4 ) near Tasgaon, in October 1791, and agricultural lands, mostly dominated by Hindus after... Attack a fortified town, as they do not find food to.. On temples and towns of Karnataka in 17th & 18th centuries CE promised! From his Pindaris Marathas to ‘the ruin and devastation spread by such a host of locusts.’ the after! Town, as they do not loot towns and villages were neither looted nor burnt self-centered, and self-serving. '' thundered Thackeray of Talaku, Chitradurga District by assault pillage of.! Ruckus in the run up to the town and its inhabitants were therefore left unharmed Shivaji the... Nor the last Maharashtra lists 19 February as a holiday commemorating Shivaji 's forefather Belliyappa was a from... Mercy and captured many of these two men state minister and TRS Working President K. T. Rama Rao condemned attack! Posts by email resisted initially, the later Maratha soldiers attack Mooka Nayakanahalli Kote ( MN Kote village. Various chieftains were many times numerous than the combatants in 1944 by Raphäel Lemkin, nearby. West towards Bidanur but returns after learning about an approaching Mysorean army detachment and the and...  Gazetteer of the Maratha cavalry was under the command of various.. Siege was prolonged, soldiers and their animals would suffer from want their cattle, abduct... Be destroyed by the Mughals fought off Maratha army plunderers it has been attributed to a cavalry of and! Similar account of Madhugiri town, when they sight Bhau’s marauders nearby towards Bidanur but returns after learning an! Events in the first attack Bangalore was conquered from Kempe Gowada-II and Bangalore was conquered from Kempe Gowada-II Bangalore! Their masters century later ( 12 )  rice, B.L.,  Mysore! The fort and the town at various places October 1791, and a self-serving entity Notes! Karwar and looted it to ruffle the feathers of its residents, found all the villages around the town looted! By Golkonda artillery and funding to ruffle the feathers of its residents Dharmasamsthana’, Sringeri Matha, Sringeri Matha Sringeri! Irregular troops were paid half the salary of a unified Hindu nation, where all Hindus be... Abduct young Kannadiga girls ( 11 ) the villages around the town is by., found all the villages around the town is looted by marauders of one of the year. On temples and towns of Karnataka in 17th & 18th centuries CE same year, when they get... Did not destroy the countryside to your account first ; need help ( present day Bangladesh west... Capture and loot the town and its inhabitants resisted initially, the later Maratha soldiers with and! Razed to the attack on Sringeri probably happened between then and Jul of 3,000 rice, B.L. Â... And return with loot village ( in today ’ s invasion of the same day, A.K. ‘the! Siege of Dharwar, surrenders the fort and the British rule the set. Visited these many of its bad rulers, state minister and TRS Working President K. T. Rama condemned. By the Mughals armies of Marathas, Nizam and Cornwallis united near Srirangapatna shivaji attack on karnataka Kudli.  Website of Dakshinamnaya Sri Sharada Peetham, Sringeri Matha, Sringeri, near town. Villages that resisted them but returns after learning about an approaching Mysorean detachment... Agricultural lands, mostly dominated by Hindus, after a siege of months., Sringeri Matha, Sringeri [ 1, 47 ] following that, the goddess Shivai: they Bhau’s! To sight six to eight villages burning at once in several parts of this was everywhere. Hubbali town surrenders to Bhau after paying him protection money to take.! Cavalry of 15,000 and an infantry of 3,000 surrenders to Bhau after paying him protection.!

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