Distribution: Cape York and northern Qld. development by Alex Hooker and George Weiblen, Key Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. Fig tree (Ficus retusa, Ficus benjamina) A tropical tree with shiny green leaves and smooth grey bark. 1. Ficus Benjamina trees have the reputation of being temperamental, high-light plants, but today there are new hardy varieties that grow in almost any location. 1991 . Tree Search Home | Leaf Identification Key | Tree Identification Key | Publication Key. The plants are native primarily to tropical areas of East Asia. Therefore, a dichotomous key will always give you two choices in each step and following all the steps will lead you to the name of the tree you're identifying. (Life; Embryophyta Seeds vary in size, from small to large and can include anywhere from 30 to 1,600 for each fruit. There is much more to identifying tree leaves than just by their shape. var sc_security="9d3822be". South Africa. enable Java on your web browser, Interactive Genus: Ficus), To access these keys you will need to Venation is prominent and raised on lower leaf surface. Ficus carica is an Asian species of flowering plant in the mulberry family, known as the common fig.It is the source of the fruit also called the fig and as such is an important crop in those areas where it is grown commercially. Female flowers naked or perianth segments present, ovary sessile or stalked, ovule solitary. Ficus trees are popular houseplants prized for their attractive foliage. In nature, Ficus grow where there are dry and wet seasons so it is natural for them to drop their leaves in times of drought. The older leaves are found at the center of the foliage. Ficus virens: Stipules more than 1 cm long; figs yellow turning red or orange at maturity, shortly stalked; petiole more or less flattened, less than a third as long as lamina Back to 7: 9: 9: Leaves mostly less than 8 cm long; petioles usually less than 18 mm long; figs mostly 6–10 mm diam., turning orange with dark spots, not warted: Ficus obliqua pubescens has woolly hairy figs. The figs include many broadleaf evergreen and deciduous trees, as well as shrubs and lianas. The tree’s fruit, which is pear-shaped, is actually a fleshy hollow receptacle, known technically as a synconium. Campsis radicans cv. The taxonomy and identification of this species are made difficult by complex slide-mounting techniques Stipules are up to 4cm long. Identification Key. "Dichotomous" means "divided into two parts". The Ficus genus of plants includes more than 800 woody species found mostly in tropical zones, with a few extending into warmer temperate regions. SUMMARY The main research efforts into the classification and identification of figs in the genus Ficus carica are summarized briefly: 1. Some species produce viable seeds that are bird and animal dispersed. Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. The following photos will allow you to identify vine and other climbing plants. The ficus species are commonly known as figs; they are part of the mulberry (Moraceae) family of plants. (1999). Tree Leaf Identification. 1. Family: Moraceae; Click on image to view plant details. A dichotomous key is a tool that allows the user to determine the identity of items in the natural world, such as trees, wildflowers, mammals, reptiles, rocks, and fish. Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum), and Efforts were made at various times to describe an accurate system for identifying varieties, with limited success. This may be difficult on more mature trees where new growth is not easily accessible. www.figweb.org(Accessed on ). The identification of different varieties is clouded and confused because of this long history. Australia: 42 species, all mainland States. It has a rich glossy-green foliage that makes an interesting contrast with the gray-colored soft trunk. Jun 24, 2014 - Ficus is commonly called Weeping Fig or simply Ficus. URL: The fig tree is very easy to care for and can thrive very well in the house. Ficus, genus of about 900 species of trees, shrubs, and vines in the family Moraceae, many of which are commonly known as figs. They are not hard plants to grow; most people just above beginner level can grow and maintain them very well. Bryonia dioica. In greenhouses they are grown under 2000-5000 foot candles. Most Ficus trees grow large in the wild but, when grown indoors, have been bred or trained to a smaller stature while maintaining their tree-like shape. Any fluctuation in light, temperature, or water would cause a hundred leaves to … Tree Identification Key. Ficus (/ ˈfaɪkəs / or / ˈfiːkəs /) is a genus of about 850 species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes and hemiepiphytes in the family Moraceae. (MORACEAE) da Mata Atlântica, BRASIL, by Anderson Ferreira P. Machado, A dichotomous key is a tool that can be used to identify trees. Climber, neither epiphytic nor strangling, climbing by adventitious roots, Trees or shrubs, sometimes epiphytic or strangling, Leaves scabrous above; aerial roots absent; latex sparse, watery or slightly milky; fruit cauliflorous, ramiflorous or axillary, Leaves not scabrous above, glabrous or softly hairy; aerial roots present; latex usually copious, milky; fruit usually axillary, rarely ramiflorous or cauliflorous, Figs densely hairy, lateral bracts on figs prominent, basal bracts falling early; lowest pair of secondary veins not extending up the lamina; base of lamina usually asymmetric, Figs scabrous but not distinctly hairy, lateral bracts absent, basal bracts 3, persistent; lowest pair of secondary veins extending midway up the lamina; base of lamina not asymmetric, Leaves with lower surface rusty-coloured and/or hairy, especially when young, upper surface green and mostly glabrous, rarely hairy, Leaves green and glabrous on both surfaces, Petioles mostly less than 4 cm long; lamina mostly less than 10 cm long; stalk of fig 2–5 mm long, Petioles more than 4 cm long; lamina generally more than 10 cm long; stalk of fig more than 10 mm long, Figs more than 25 mm long, more or less ovoid and with a distinct apical nipple, stalk 1–2 cm long, thickened and expanded into a cupule, Figs less than 25 mm long, more or less globose, mostly without a distinct apical nipple, stalk less than 10 mm long, neither prominently thickened nor expanded into a cupule, Figs 20–25 mm diam., yellowish turning purple with paler spots at maturity, stalk 2–10 mm long; solitary in axils of leaves; petiole with a joint at apex, Figs less than 20 mm diam. Click on image to view plant details. Nevertheless, one should be very attentive regarding the diseases that can afflict these trees, such as … 4 Common Problems With Ficus Trees and How to Solve Them. Vine mealybug, Planococcus ficus (Signoret), is a key pest in vineyards in the Western Cape and North-West Provinces of South Africa and more recently in the USA. Plant identification vine. The Ficus … Varying in form and habit, opuntioid cacti range from low growing shrubs under 50 cm to erect trees eight metres tall. The original indoor ficus, Ficus benjamina, lost leaves if you just looked at it. Capparis spinosa. drupacea produces hairless figs; Ficus drupacea var. Calystegia sepium. This is usually caused by a change in temperature. Most fertilizers also require dilution and a specific schedule. Climbing or trailing vine; leaf blades dimorphic, those of sterile climbing stems closely spaced and 2-4 cm long and becoming larger with those of fertile stems 4-10 cm long, the lower surface finely reticulate with prominent venation. A few Ficus species have atypical growth habits that can help you to identify them. Keys consist of a series of choices that lead the user to the correct name of a given item. Vine mealybug, Planococcus ficus (Signoret), is a key pest in vineyards in the Western Cape and North-West Provinces of South Africa and more recently in the USA. var sc_project=2485733; Adiantum raddianum. The ficus genus of ornamental plants is a range of species which are very popular for growing indoors, whether in a house, conservatory, office, or hotel. (flowering plants); Eudicotyledons; Order: Rosales; Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 1000 species, chiefly India, Malesia to Polynesia. Ref. Male flowers with 1 or 2 stamens. of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Ficus Describe the shape of the plant. Many are tall forest trees that are buttressed by great spreading roots; others are planted as ornamentals. Although more than 800 species belong to the Ficus genus, referred to as the fig group, most individuals will encounter only a handful of these species. Flowers very small. It often has air-roots. Flowers — Some trees have large showy flowers while others have small or no flowers at all. ; white or pinkish brown or yellow turning orange or red at maturity, sessile or shortly stalked; mostly in pairs in axils of leaves; petiole without a joint at apex, Stipules less than 1 cm long; figs white or pinkish brown, sessile; petiole more or less terete, more than a third as long as lamina, Stipules more than 1 cm long; figs yellow turning red or orange at maturity, shortly stalked; petiole more or less flattened, less than a third as long as lamina, Leaves mostly less than 8 cm long; petioles usually less than 18 mm long; figs mostly 6–10 mm diam., turning orange with dark spots, not warted, Leaves mostly more than 8 cm long; petioles usually more than 18 mm long; figs commonly 10–20 mm diam., turning orange-red, often prominently warted. Name of a given item and can thrive very well of plants a change in temperature consist of a item... 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