She was en route to Pearl Harbor when Japan capitulated. She was eventually sold to Chile on 9 January 1951, as part of the Mutual Defense Assistance Program. she was renamed ARA nueve de julio. The six cruisers were built at Brooklyn Navy Yard, NYC (USS Brooklyn, Honolulu), Philadelphia Naval Shipyard (USS Philadelphia), New York Shipbuilding Corporation, Camden (Savannah, Nashville, Phoenix) and Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company (USS Boise), so these were “east coast cruisers”. The cruiser’s traditonal role has been to screen for the main battle fleet as well as long-range side or rear escort, preventing any attack from other angles. probably her most daring feat of the war, USS Nashville was attached to the secret “Shangri-La” task force bound to Japan, carrying the B-25 bombers of col. Doolittle onboard USS Hornet. 1 1 comment Report abuse Redgriffin. In june 1945, she carried general MacArthur in a 3500 miles tour of the pholippines and borneo and back to san pedro for a refit which lasted after the end of the war. HyperWar: World War II on the World Wide Web, Compiled and formatted by Patrick Clancey Helena was eventually sunk in 1943 at the Battle of Kula Gulf, here remains found by Paul Allen’s research ship Petrel in April 2018. In 1982 she was still active, after being modernized in 1967-68 with new Dutch radars and British Sea Cat AA missiles. She made exercises back in US waters on the Caribbean Sea, visited Savannah, Georgia and then crossed the Panama Canal top join the pacific fleet in the summer of 1939, San Diego and Long Beach. She later escorted the “Suva” large convoy to Australia, carrying many crated planes for the defence of Philippines and Java along the way. Leaving Mers-el-Kebir (Algeria) on 5 September 1943, she was part of the Southern Attack Force attacking Salerno Bay, attacking German positions, and destroying a railroad artillery battery. The U.S. Navy heavy cruiser, Indianapolis, was commissioned at the Philadelphia Navy Yard on November 15, 1932. The cruiser later joined the Fiji Islands on 24 December, and became the flagship of the fleet at Espiritu Santo (New Hebrides, TF67). 3,527 100 1. USS Brooklyn in construction. However, for a concise but authoritative summary of the design history and careers of the major surface ships, it is difficult to beat the six volumes in the Warships of the Kriegsmarine series. The term is a shortening of the phrase "light armored cruiser", describing a small ship that carried armor in the same way as an armored cruiser: a protective belt and deck. They were fitted with new higher pressure boilersin a new arrangement, introducing a “unit system” machinery with alternating boiler and engine rooms. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. After her shakedown cruise on 19 July 1938 for shakedown in the Caribbean, USS Nashville started a goodwill tour to Europe. Required fields are marked *. She was in Pearl Harbor on 21 May 1940. St Louis). On 12 January 1942 USS Savannah operated in the south Atlantic, sailing from Recife, Brazi, as an escort to the aircraft carrier Ranger patrolling the Atlantic Ocean north of Bermuda and tracking Vichy French ships sailing to Martinique, such as the cruiser Jeanne d’Arc and aircraft Carrier Béarn. USS Honolulu (color) camouflaged by wearing Measure 32, Design 2C. The Brooklyns were given four Parsons geared turbines on four shafts, fed by eight Babcock & Wilcox boilers for a total as designed of 100,000 shp (74,570 kW). There were also for small AA two dedicated anti-aircraft fire directors and in 1944 a Mk 51 director was to control only the 20 mm guns and in 1945 the Mark 57 and 63 directors modified for night fire. Reviewed in the United States on August 1, 2016. On 13 April, she joined Vice Admiral William F. Halsey Jr. composite fleet north of Midway Atoll, and sailed for Japan. North Africa (Operation Torch): In October 1942, she departed Norfolk for North Africa, covering the ladings from 8 November at Fedhala apparently firing by accident on the Seventh Infantry. The fleet retook the islands and Nashville provided close support. Uss boise also took part in the battle of leyte in october, the battle of surigao strait, where she exited unscaved. She later joined the Task Force 22 at Norfolkd, mde a patrol near the Panama canal, and returned to NY, making patrols and escort missions to Greenock, Scotland. US Navy Light Cruisers 1941–45 (New Vanguard Book 236) - Kindle edition by Stille, Mark, Wright, Paul. She was repaired at the British naval yard at Malta and later joined Admiral C. F. Bryant’s Task Group 85.12 at Taranto. Until 28 March 1943 she took part in patrols in the south Atlantic, helping capture the German steamer Karin. She became fir a short time naval HQ of MacHarthur for the Southwest Pacific Area Command and United States Army Forces in Australia, making trips between Australia and Java. 9 people found this helpful. navsource.org. Another argument in favor of this new design was the huge disappointment that were the Omaha class. The USN policy then required large cruisers in order to deal with the very long ranges of the Pacific Ocean. Shipyard archive – Credits navsource.org. The P38 Lightning missed both the bomber and the bomb and Savannah took a severe hit: The bomb pierced the turret roof of Savannah’s No. These ships had been designated PG … The blueprints were approved by the Congress and the first four ordered in 1933. The next two designs scheme D (triple turrets) and G (quadruple turrets) out in March 1933 were refined while scheme C four quadruple turrets and unbroken deck was retaken for the hull. She later covered the assault on Noemfoor Island on 2 July. She had to pull back to Tulagi for temporary repairs and then Pearl harbor and back home at Mare Island. she joined task force 5 in the australian waters under rear admiral glassford escorting dutch ships to surabaya. She was also committed in the Neutality patrols in the Atlantic from August to December 1941 and after Pearl harbor, was sent to the Pacific again, after a serie of convoy escorts from the Bermuda to Iceland. On the spring of 1939, she carried American representatives to the Pan American Defense Conference in Rio de Janeiro. Ten days later she had spent her ammo and departed for Algeria to resupply. She also operated from hawaii and escorted a convoy to the philippines. In the fall of 1942 USS Philadelphia was sent to Rear Admiral H. Kent Hewitt’s Western Naval Task Force assigned to General Patton to cover amphibious operations of Operation Torch in North Africa. Ten cruisers (7 heavy and 3 light) were sunk and 36 new (6 heavy, 22 light, and 8 anti-aircraft) were commissioned in time to participate in the war. This was in the hope for Great Britain to keep control of her trade via tailored cruisers that can still match a smaller generation cruisers in the order of a 6,000-to-8,000-tonnage, all in the wake of economical crisis following the previous’s yer fateful crash. She also repelled a more severe attack of low-flying torpedo bombers. The Brooklyn’s Main Belt at Machinery level was 5 in (127 mm) thick, based on a 0.625-inch (16 mm) STS plate, and in front of the magazines, 2 in (51 mm) on a 0.625-inch STS plate. The first trials of the gun against steel plates changed the General Board’s view of light cruisers. St. Louis was seriously damaged twice but survived the war. In the United States Navy, light cruisers have the hull classification symbol CL. A light cruiser is a type of small- or medium-sized warship. After ferrying troops to Oran from Norfolk on 10 May 1943, Savannah took part in the difficult amphibious landings on the southern coast of Sicily near Gela. But with war developments she came back to Boston via Cuba, on 17 June 1941. USS Boise had her forward turret magazine hit but not blown up at the Battle of Cape Esperance (11/10/1942) as it was flooded by penetrating hits in the lower hull. Yet, they had nothing in common. Profile USS Brooklyn off Mare Island NyD 1942 -Cdts. A complete list of all US Navy Cruisers, by type and class, in commission during WWII. When French warships exited Casablanca for an attack, Brooklyn and Augusta fired on the large destroyer Milan, receiving hits of small caliber fire. USN Cruisers by Class - all WW2 era cruisers analysed by class showing the basic design, construction and service information. Se was the first American cruiser to attack the axis in Italy. Notice the two-tone dark navy blue, light grey measure camouflage. There were proposals to sacrifice one turret to add protection, but they were rejected, because of immunity zone extreme range concerns. Uss boise was kept in reserve to be resold in january 1951 to the argentine navy. She was however saved and reached Malta for long repairs. Castigar a Nicolás Maduro, Navy Releases Final RFP for Large Displacement Unmanned Underwater Vehicle Program, Video: Heroes at Sea 2020 Tribute Concert, How to solve logistical challenges during a South China Sea conflict, How some bra-wearing pigeons saved thousands of lives during WWII, A Fleet of Second Choices, Backups, and Bandaids, Uncertainty prevails over US cyber strategy shift towards ‘persistent engagement'. She then departed on 2 April 1940 for Pearl Harbor and in May was in fleet manoeuvers. Renamed O’Higgins she served for 40 years, only sold for scrap in 1992. Links to individual pages giving description, history, and photo. The warships of the World War II era German Navy are among the most popular subjects in naval history with many books devoted to the subject. Indeed, until the, reconnaissance floatplanes had been carried on catapults and cranes placed alongside the central portion of the hull. The American cruiser then silenced French artillery positions near Casablanca, being hit in return by a dud, which nevertheless damaged two of the cruiser’s guns and wounded five crewmembers. All hoped the new large hull would bring the desired stability. Uss honolulu made her shakedown cruise in england and sailed for exercises in the caribbean and joined in june 1939 the pacific fleet operating off long beach under Captain Oscar Smith. The US had 37 cruisers (18 heavy and 19 light) at the start of the war to serve all ocean fronts. She joined a force comprising USS Phoenix, USS Honolulu, two heavy cruisers and 6 destroyers, which were attacked by Yamamoto’s diversionary force planes, but were unable to replicate due to the heavy fog. The Seagull was propelled to 165 mph (143 knots, 266 km/h) at 5,000 ft (1,500 m) thanks to a Pratt & Whitney R-1340-18 single-row, nine-cylinder, air-cooled radial engine rated for 550 hp (410 kW). USS Philadelphia supported operations at Anzio on 14 February but collided with a destroyer later (USS Laub). Her commander “Mike” Moran earned the navy cross during the campaign. Prior to this smaller cruisers had been of the protected cruisermodel, possessing armored decks only. She was back at Fremantle on 5 March 1942. One of the primary players for the United States Navy (USN) in the Pacific Theater of War during World War 2 (1939-1945) was the quantitative Cleveland-class of light cruisers. While lighter and smaller than other contemporary ships they were still true cruisers, retaining the extended radius of action and self-sufficiency to act independently across the world. Reconstitution of preliminary designs of 1933. Shipyard archive – Credits navsource.org. Post Aug 10, 2011 #1 2011-08-10T12:36 Lately the subject of CLs has gripped my interest, and so with the Destroyers thread, here we have the best/worst WWII Light Cruisers edition. Notes Light Cruiser CL Some ex CS, PG, CA Heavy Cruiser CA some ex CL The CL designation originated 17 July 1920 with ex-Scout Cruisers; a group of old Peace Cruisers and Protected Cruisers were added on 8 Aug 1921. Six reconnaissance planes was good for the intended role of a cruiser at a time naval radar was still in development. USS Brooklyn, Philadelphia, Savannah, Nashville, Phoenix, Boise, Honolulu, St Louis, Helena. Decommissioned in the Philadelphia Navy Yard on 3 February 1947 and stricken she was later sold to Brazil on 9 January 1951 after the Mutual Defense Assistance Program and served with the Brazilian Navy as C-11 Barroso until 1974. She was supporting the landings in the gulf of Saint-Tropez, France on 15 August (Operation Anvil Dragoon). On navalmarinearchive.com On Navsource.org On Coatney History On world-war.co.uk On aminoapps.com On Hazegray.org biblio links about the Brooklyns On ww2db.com The St Louis on globalscurity.org St Louis class cruisers on wikipedia The Brooklyn class on wikipedia Specs Conway’s all the world fighting ships 1921-1947. She took part in early 1944 until september to the operations on northern new guinea, at madang, humbolt bay, wakde, samar and toem, biak, noemfoor, cape sansapor, and the occupation of morotai. In size, they were 62 ft (19 m) in width (about 1/10 ratio) and had a draught about 23 ft (7.0 m). This new career would be too long to se in detail, but under the same assistance program, USS Phoenix joined the Argentine fleet, duly modernized until 1956 as General Belgrano. (see the Main Page for sources and methodology), Ships of the U.S. Navy, 1940-1945: Cruisers, HyperWar: World War II on the World Wide Web, Armament: 3x3 12"/50, 12 5"/38 DP, 14x4 40mm, 34 20mm, 4 planes. She went on in January-February on other missions against various objectived in the Solomon Islands. Thanks to an semi-fixed additional charge, refined shape and slightly longer barrel, it had twice the penetration power of the Mark 8. Helpful. On 23/24 March 1933 Admiral Watson’s design to the General Board was considered, with concentrated firepower forward and dealing with blast effects and no fire control station aft. She was back in operations in New Guinea and the Admiralty Islands, helping the assault on Los Negros Island on 29 February 1943. Its range was 675 mi (587 nmi, 1,086 km) at cruiser speed, it was armed by a fixed forward 0.30 in (7.62 mm) Browning M2AN and a rear gunner flexible mounted same type machine gun, and it could carry 650 lb (295 kg) of bombs for strafing attacks. Both ships, USS St Louis (CL49) launched at Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company 15 April 1938 and USS Helena (CL50) launched at Brooklyn Navy Yard on 27 august 1938 were commissioned in May and september 1939 and spent their career in the Pacific. Afterwards, she was back in operations on 4 September 1944 but was not sent to any “hot” sector for the remainder of the war. As the Brazilian cruiser Barroso in the 1960s. History. Despite being 500 tons over the treaty limit, Wichita put on additional weight as the war went on. Operation Anvil Dragoon (August 1944) After training intensively for the landings in Provence she was fully engaged on 15 August, dispensing heavy naval gunfire on the coast of southern France and stayed in mission until 21 November. By specification the new model and its mounting were designed to reach ten rounds per minute as a sustained rate of fire, a full volley of 150 rounds a minute as to destroy “soft” targets such as the superstructure of an enemy ship. Figures 3(a) and 3(b) show that most of the cruisers commissioned were light cruisers. She sailed to San Francisco on 12 January 1942, as a convoy escort and went on in these missions in early 1942 with Australia, and Samoa. A painting of SMS Gazelle, the first modern light cruiser built by Germany. She was present during the famous Battle of Tassafaronga during the night of 30 November 1942, but escape destruction with only minor damage while other cruisers were sunk. Feb 9, 2020 - Explore Adam C's board "US Navy Heavy Cruisers (Warships, 1910-1950)", followed by 117 people on Pinterest. The 6-in triple main artillery turret diagram. Good stuff, This was well written.Check the hull numbers on the profiles . They were spotted however in 18 April by a Japanese picket boat (later sunk by USS Enteprise’s planes), and the Hornet had to launch her 16 modified bombers prematurely, 150 mi (240 km) too short. See more ideas about imperial japanese navy, cruisers, warship. Back to Philadelphia Navy Yard in November 1944, she was overhauled a second time (better radars, more AA and many other modifications) and made a refresher cruise in the West Indies. The Pensacola “opened the ball”, the Northampton/Porltand were merely improvements, the New orleans were mostly known (sadly) for their sacrifice at Guadalcanal, and the Cleveland, Atlanta and Baltimore, mass-produced WW2 battlehorses. After the Pearl Habor attacks, she joined destroyers for ASW patrol off the coast of Newfoundland and made escorts missions to Iceland. For the first time in history perhaps, Savannah’s own reconnaissance Curtiss Seagulls started bombing Vichy French tanks columns with… depth charges that has been reset to explode on impact. She also shelled Japanese positions in New Georgia. Off of Altavilla her AA downed about 12 attacking aircrafts. It seems strange to consider some of the numerous cuiser classes that preceded WW2 or went through the war, some were more famous than others. Atlantic: In April 1942 she is assigned from there to convoy escort in the Atlantic, bound to UK. She was back in action in the mediterranean from algiers and was involved in support missions at the battle of gela in sicily. The planned successor of the Seagull, the underpowered SOC3C Seamew (here launched in 1943 from USS Biloxi) was never popular and mostly assigned to the British Fleet Air arm. The guns were linked together and can’t elevate independently. Naval Forces & Industry news Naval and Maritime Exhibitions News Focus - Analysis - Photo report Naval Forces Vessels & Equipmen... Data is revolutionizing the maritime industry, Sailors hear tale of gallantry at airport, Indian Navy deploys warhsips, divers to find missing pilot, CNO Asks Fleet for Moment of Silence in Honor of USS Indianapolis 75th Anniversary, PHOTO GALLERY #35: Bizhou, frigate of the People's Liberation Army Navy, 185 m oa x 19m x 7m (606 x 62 x 23 feets), 9,767 long tons (9,924 t standard, 12,207 long tons FL, 4 shafts Parsons geared turbines, 8 Babcock & Wilcox boilers, 100,000 shp (74,570 kW), 10,000 nmi (19,000 km; 12,000 mi) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph), 5×3 × 6 in (152 mm)/47, 8x 5 in (127 mm)/25, 8 .50 cal.HMG, 4 floatplanes. Profile USS Brooklyn off Mare Island NyD 1942 -Cdts. The Cleveland class, together with its late sub-class Fargo (1945), was the most numerous cruiser class in recorded history so far. She then started her netrality patrols in the north and south atlantic with Cruiser Division 8 until December, escorting also the aircraft carrier Wasp. Uss JuneauJuneau AlaskaHeavy CruiserUs Navy ShipsArmadaUnited States NavyMilitary HistoryNaval HistoryPearl Harbor USS Juneau (CL-52). In these ten years, four classes of heavy cruisers were built: The Pensacola, Northampton, Portland and New orleans, which were only considered “heavy” because of their heavy armament, three or four triple or double 8-in guns turrets. She escorted a convoy to New Hebrides and in september was supporting operations at guadalcanal. Super HD photo of the USS Savannah as built, shipyard model. By the mid-20th Century, cruisers were medium-sized, general-utility ships. She later made an escort mission between Gibraltar and Oran and went back home. She later joined the Pacific fleet via Panama, at San Pedro, Cal. At last Scheme J showed a four quadruple turrets arrangement with three forward and one aft. She was later the only ship of the class to receive additional bulges and twin 5in/38 guns and Mark 37 directors. USS Honolulu was torpedoed at the Battle of Kolombangara (12 July 1943) as USS St. Louis and later torpedoed again by a Japanese aircraft on 20 October 1944 (Leyte). She was eventually decommissioned on 3 February 1947, not resold to a south American navy. These small cruisers were armed, respectively, with 5.31" (135mm), 5.25" and 5" main battery guns and were designed to counter enemy aircraft and large destroyers. USS Philadelphia 1944, with the two-tones livery. Afterwards she crossed the canal and joined the pacific fleet for two years of operations. The Des Moines class were designed in response to date gained from numerous cruiser engagements between the US and Japanese navies. Ten cruisers (7 heavy and 3 light) were sunk and 36 new (6 heavy, 22 light, and 8 anti-aircraft) were commissioned in time to participate in the war. But the battle-hardened cruiser was not over with the Solomons. But the Brooklyns defined a brand new standard in term of cruiser developement, paving the way for the future Clevelands, Whichita or Worcester, the most obvious part being the very specific straight hull and almost squared stem. This was circa in the spring of 1944, in the Solomons. while building. However, leaving Pearl Harbor in May she headed back to the west coast, joining the Atlantic Squadron and in July 1941 escorted a convoy to Reykjavík (Iceland) and making Neutrality Patrol duties until December. She bombarded positions for three weeks, an retired back home at Purvis Bay, Florida Island (Solomons) on 18 August. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading US Navy Light Cruisers … In time, 5-in/38 guns were installed on the latter ships rather than the initial 5-in/25 guns. Resold to Chile on 9 January 1951 she became the Capitan Prat (CL-03) and was renamed in 1982 Chacabuco until her retirement in 1985. Weight reductions and structural stress balance ended with an immunity zone against 6-in shells to 8,000-23,000 yards at 60° angle. Nevertheless the US were allowed 180,000 long tons available for 18 heavy cruisers and 143,500 long tons (145,803 t) for light cruisers, without precision for the number of ships (potentially 14 and up to 20 cruisers). The Mark 16 standard issue ammunition was the 130-pound (59-kilogram) AP shell capable of a 26,100 yards (23,866 m) maximal range. She however continued to provide a fierce AA fire and was later sent to Puget Sound Naval Shipyard after several stops en route, arriving on 12 January 1945. Best/Worst WWII Light Cruisers . Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. She teamed with Texas and Nevada counter-battery fire and cleared the way for General William W. Eagles’ “Thunderbirds” (45th Army Infantry Division). List of cruisers of World War II. Figures 3 (a) and 3 (b) show that most of the cruisers commissioned were light cruisers. she also took part in the bataan corregidor assault, the landings at zalboanga and sailed later to take parti in april may 1945 to the operation at borneo and Tarajan. AA armament was also widely improved, with twin five-inch (127 mm) 38-caliber guns fitted. See more ideas about heavy cruiser, warship, cruisers. She was anchored at Pearl harbor during the attack but suffered only minor hull damage from a near miss. SOCs on a Brooklyn class light cruiser’s catapults, Jan. 1943 – src: http://navalmarinearchive.com/ The Brooklyns carried six planes (all stored inside the stern hangar) launched from two catapults and served by an axial crane. Nine light cruiser hulls were used for CVL-light carriers. In World War II (WWII), the United States Navy produced a number of light carriers by converting cruiser hulls. During the battle of Leyte Gulf, USS Phoenix was part of Rear Admiral Jesse Oldendorf’s group. About 13:40, USS Abner Read was also badly hit when a second wave came and scored more hits but Phoenix shot down another plane, before being attacked by five more on 5 December, shooting down two and another Kamikaze five days later. One of her turrets was salvaged and is now displayed at Talcahuano Navy base. In other terms, the unrestricted wartime cruisers were heavily based on the Treaty-restricted Brooklyn Class “light” cruisers. She also bombarded Hauwei Island with Phoenix, Nashville, and HMAS Shropshire ad then cobvered the assault on Hollandia, pounding especially Wakde Island. After the London Naval Treaty of 1930 passed, the US Navy took up a renewed interest in the … The heavy cruiser was designed for long range, high speed, … In April 1933, the design was further modified with a hangar housing six aircraft. She later sailed to theCharleston in April and hosted President Franklin Delano Roosevelt in the Caribbeans. Some fifty-two of the type were initially planned though only twenty-seven of … Now in paperback for the first time, this sixth … She took part in the operations in Borneo Makassar Straits, Dutch East Indies and her last wartime operation was to intercept a Japanese convoy off Indochina. Type Desig. Back at Philadelphia on 8 January 1946 she was decommissioned, joined the Reserve Fleet but was stricken for good in March 1959, and sold for scrap the same year. The five turrets arrangement as shown above was axial, with three forward turret, the first two ij superfiring positions and the third one in reverse (pointing towards the bridge) as on the IJN Takao class cruisers. The U-boat War in World War Two (Kriegsmarine, 1939-1945) and World War One (Kaiserliche Marine, 1914-1918) and the Allied efforts to counter the threat. Fire Accuracy of course was by then too weak to ensure hits in these cases, so that form of protection was often overlooked or ignored. She was later based in Espiritu Santo in the New Hebrides to intervene against Japanese convoys bound to Guadalcanal. Starting off our list is the cruiser Wichita of the United States Navy. She was then anchored north east of Ford Island, Solace. At the Battle of Kula Gulf, she destroyed a Japanese destroyer and damaged others. However protection was improved, but still not immmune from heavy cruisers. They were considered light cruisers, and namely replacement for the 1920s Omaha class. It penetrated three decks before ending (and exploding) in the ammunition-handling room. She covered the assault on Green Island (13 February) but retired later to took part in the Mariannas campaign. She also greatly helped in close support an infantry attack on Wadi Sebou and combined her planes attacks and gunfire to clear off Rabat Road. Worcester class light cruisers Displ: 17,997 tons full load Dim: 679.5 x 70.5 x 25 ft Prop: Steam turbines, 4 620 psi boilers, 4 shafts, 120,000 hp, 33 knots Crew: 1560 Arm: 6 dual 6/47 DP, 10 dual, 2 single 3/50 Armor: 3-5 inch belt, 3.5 inch deck, 2-6.5 inch turrets, 5 inch barbettes, 4-5 inch CT New CL intended to carry the 6" DP gun. She joined the Pacific Fleet again, and be opresent at the Golden Gate International Exposition (18 February 1940) and patrolled along the west coast until March 1941, starting afterwards a good-will cruise with training in the the South Pacific. She also joined Boise, Nashville, HMAS Shropshire and HMAS Australia in the assault of Morotai (Molucca Islands) on 15 September. Dec 23, 2016 - Explore Sean DeCarlo's board "US Heavy Cruisers", followed by 197 people on Pinterest. USN Cruisers by Class - all WW2 era cruisers analysed by class showing the basic design, construction and service information. The cruiser was back to the philadelphia navy yard for an overhaul and extensive repairs. She destroyed the Japanese Southern Force at the battle of Surigao Strait, notaby firing four spotting salvoes, and shelled with her 6-inch batteries the Yamashiro during the fateful night which saw her sinking after, while Fusō and three destroyers were later destroyed as well as Mogami by planes. On 3 January 1938, USS Philadelphia made her shakedown cruise in the West Indies and then retuned on the coast of Maine. It shoukd be noted that despute the dradual introduction of better radars, recoignition of ships and fleets was still performed by seaplanes, so they stayed in use until 1945. This explosion also opened a hold in her keel. Best/Worst WWII Light Cruisers . Specifications were rather scarce, only that speed and range must match heavy cruisers. The St. Louis class were a seperate class for most authors, since the range of their modifications set them apart of the seven-ship Brooklyn class. Displacement: 9100 tons (normal) / 11,512 (full load), Armament: 2x3 8"/55, 2x2 8"/55, 4 5"/25, 6x4 40mm, 28x1 20mm; 2 planes, Propulsion: Steam turbines, 8 boilders, 4 shafts, 107,000 hp, Displacement: 9050-9300 tons (normal) / 11,826 (full load), Armament: 3x3 8"/55, 4x2 5"/25, 6x4 40mm, 28 20mm, 6 21" tt; 3 planes, Propulsion: Steam tubines, 8 boilers, 4 shafts, 107,000 hp, Displacement: 9800-9950 tons (normal) / 13,767 tons (full load), Armament: 3x3 8"/55, 8x1 5"/25, 8x1 .50-caliber MG; 3 planes, Propulsion: Steam turbines, 8 boilers, 4 shafts, 107,000 hp, Displacement: 9375-9973 tons (normal) / 12,411 tons (full load), Displacement: 10,000 tons (normal) / 13,015 (full load), Armament: 3x3 8"/55, 8x1 5"/38, 4x4 40mm, 4x2 40mm, 20x1 20mm, 8x1 .50-caliber MG; 2 planes, Armament: 9 8"/55, 12 5"/38 DP, 12x4 40mm, 28-28 20mm, 4 planes, Geared turbine engines with 4 screws, 120,000 hp, Max cruising radius: 4,800 miles at 25 knots; 7,900 miles @ 15 knots, Displacement: 7050 tons (normal) / 9,507 tons (full load), Armament: 2x2 6"/53, 6x1 6"/53, 4x1 3"/50, 6 21" torpedo tubes; 2 planes, Propulsion: Steam turbines, 12 265 psi boilers, 4 shafts, 90,000 hp, Displacement: 9475-9700 tons (normal) / 12,242 tons (full load), Armament: 5x3 6"/46, 8x1 5"/25, 8x1 .50-caliber MG; 2 planes, Propulsion: Steam turbines, 8 boilers, 4 shafts, 100,000 hp, Displacement: 10,000 tons (normal) / 13,327 tons (full load), Armament: 5x3 6"/47, 4x2 5"/38, 8x1 .50-caliber MG; 2 planes, Armament: 16 5"/38, numerous 40mm & 20mm AA, 8 21" torpedo tubes. In displacement, the New Orleans (1933) displaced 9,950 long tons standard, whereas the Brooklyn were barely lighter at 9,767 long tons. This first wave was to land 35,000 Army troops and 250 tanks on trhree beaches. At last the scheme E presented five triple turrets with the three forward in superfiring positions. While the US had also focused more on Heavy Cruisers, Britain had created several classes of Light Cruisers post WW1, however the Mogami class spurred both to action, with the US producing the Brooklyn and Cleveland classes and British three batches … Convoy back and fort to the enemy Savannah and Honolulu were rebuilt and their 5-inch guns were linked together can. Occupation Forces the United States built 72 light cruisers, warship, cruisers, Navy ships shipyard model and. Assembled to take part in the Solomons about 12 attacking aircrafts Orleans with scheme b integrating aicrafts facilities,. 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Destroyer us light cruisers ww2 damaged others, Honolulu, St Louis, Helena moved to the Indian shipbreaker, joined! Triple turrets forward and two airfields 5-inch guns were installed on the,. The Congress and the USN 's Atlanta class honors to King George VI during his.! Knocked out several tanks but stopped firing as Infantry positiosn became too close to the.. Other missions against various objectived in the australian waters under Rear Admiral glassford escorting Dutch to... She went on to theCharleston in April 1933, the United States produced. A time Naval radar was later the only ship of the hull took Mehedia, Port and... January 1938, uss Nashville started a goodwill tour to Europe bolster the defence Wake! B ) show that most of the Kriegsmarine Didos were borne out of 5 stars a Great compilation of cruisers... Pages giving description, history, and on 27 December, she joined her near-sister Barroso in the pacific! 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