He was born of an Afghan lady, the eldest and perhaps only legitimate wife of his father, who had taken in three more slave girls raised to the status of … The subjects of Sher Shah used to Kabul (Promise) that they should pay taxes in lieu of Patta. The peasants were required to credit the land-tax direct into the Govt. Sher Shah Suri (AD 1540-1545) He founded the second Afghan dynasty (first Lodi dynasty). II) Sher Shah’s Revenue System Sher Shah’s reputation as an administrative reformer depends larger on his land revenue system which he shaped on the basis of his experience in the jagir of Sasaram (his father’s Jagir). Thirdly, it is said that as the convention of land revenue from kind to cash always depended on the Central Government, it always led to delay in the collection of land revenue. This rai system was later adopted by Akbar. Administration of Sher Shah Suri Sher Shaj Suri established a sound and strong administrative system. Sher Shah Suri was the first King of Sur Empire. 9< > Provincial Administration 2 Sher Shah Sarkars Sarkars Pragana Pragana Pragana Villages Villages Villages 10. The course will be helpful for aspirants preparing for RPSC. The currency system had debased. The peasants were required to credit the land-tax direct into the Govt. The king kept himself posted with the minutest happening in his kingdom. It was Sher Shah Suri (also known as Sher Shah Sur) who founded Sur dynasty in Hindustan. He adopted various means to improve the communication system in India such as roads etc. Sher Shah Suri ruled for only a few years, but his huge influence on India continues six … Sher Shah Suri was benevolent ruler and was one of the greatest administrators of medieval India. Learners at any stage of their preparation will be benefited by the course. Strict orders had been issued to the revenue authorities that leniency might be shown while fixing the land tax, but strictness in the collection thereof should be the inevitable rule. Sher Shah was no mere soldier, he was also a great administrator. Even when Sher Shah led an expedition to the territory of his enemy, he was very particular about it that no harm shall come to the farmers in any way from the excesses of his soldiers. Sher Shah was particularly perturbed by the activities … The land of each peasant was measured first in “bighas” and then half of it was fixed as the land tax. What distinguishes Sher Shah from others is his administration and statesmanship. Also Read: Sher Shah Suri. The result was that the good land was under charged while The bad land was … His empire occupied the whole of North India except Assam, Gujarat, Kashmir, and Nepal. In this course, Prashant Choudhary will provide in-depth knowledge of the Mughal Empire. Sher Shah introduced a new system of Lr assistance known as the Zabti system. MERITS OF LAND REVENUE SYSTEM Shershah is known to have made a systematic survey and measurement of the entire cultivable land of his empire using a unit called Sikandari… Published: October 10, 2015 . Sher Shah Suri: Sher Shah is rated as one of the greatest rulers of India. Land Revenue System of Sher Shah: Before Sher Shah, the land rent was realized from the peasants on the basis of estimated produce from the land but this system did not seem to be faultless as the produce was not constantly the same. During this short period he had not as yet tested his reforms when the cruel clutches of death ended his life. The course will be covered in Hindi and the notes will be provided in Hindi. Shēr Shah of Sūr, original name Farīd Khan, (born 1486?, Sasaram [India]—died May 22, 1545, Kalinjar), emperor of north India (1540–45) in the Islamic Sūr (Afghan) dynasty of 1540–57 who organized a long-lived bureaucracy responsible to the ruler and created a carefully calculated revenue system. Sher Shah was the first Muslim ruler who got the whole of the land measured and fixed the land-tax on it on just and fair principles. The settlement made between the Govt. The nobles were afraid of indulging in activities not conducive to the stability of the rule of the Sultan. This is known as ‘Patta’. Your email address will not be published. Each and every peasant was given the option to pay the land-tax either in cash of in kind. However, some historians and scholars point out certain defects in the revenue system of Sher Shah. (the roads laid by Shershah still run through the country) His short rule of five years was marked by many beneficent reforms in every branch of administration.He provided the next gen rulers a thorough land revenue system. The last Sur ruler was Sikkandar Shah Sur. Firstly, it is pointed out that he could not completely root out the Jagirdari system which had taken deep roots in the Afghan society. Justice was provided to the … He overthrew the Mughal rule in A.D. 1540 and once again revived the Aghan rule. After his accidental death in 1545, his son Islam Shah became his successor. LAND REVENUE SYSTEM OF SHER SHAH SURI. Sher Shah saved his country from the ill-effects of the arbitrary land revenue system and he laid the foundation of the policy of co-­operation between the Govt. who was Sher shah suri? Administration of Sher Shah Suri - Imp.center Shēr Shāh SÅ«rÄ« (1486 – 22 May 1545), born FarÄ«d Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital at Delhi. The well-known ‘Ryatwari System’ which has been in vague till now, was not founded by Akbar but by Sher Shah. In case of damages compensation was granted to the former by the Govt. Sher Shah Suri was an Afghan ruler who succeeded in building an Afghan empire in northern India. Sher Shah Suri introduced a schedule of rates for land-tax and other taxes and also ordered to undertake an accurate yearly survey of cultivated lands. Sher Shah Suri, in Dizionario di storia, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana, 2010. But we must not forget that Sher Shah had ruled only for five years. His original name was Farid Khan. Rather what he felt correct, he did. If death had spared him more years, Sher Shah would have certainly won that renown which Akbar got for his land reforms. 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