Pruning. Some growers braid the multiple stems of container-grown weeping figs until the stems grow as a single trunk. Chinese elms (Ulmus parvifolia) are not only great trees to grow indoors, but they are … It has a velvety smooth appearance. The genus Ficus consists of more than 800 species, many of which are desirable foliage plants. There should be enough holes in the pot to allow excess water to drain. Other Names: Fiddle Leaf Fig Tree, Ficus pandurata. Interactive key to the figs of Gunung Palung National Park, West Kalimantan, Indonesia (Borneo) by Timothy Laman and George Weiblen. … Generally, species of plants in the ficus genus grow in a wide variety of environments. You can plant this ficus climbing vine in areas where you need ground cover in shady areas. The only reason to trim a ficus tree that grows outdoors is to encourage new growth or to create an attractive hedge. Regular pruning of this type of ficus tree in the winter and spring can help to keep its height to a manageable level. The Mistletoe fig is a type of shrub with spreading nature. The tree’s fruit, which is pear-shaped, is actually a fleshy hollow receptacle, known technically as a synconium. Extensive surface roots of some fig varieties, including rubber trees and weeping figs, can damage sidewalks and lawnmowers. So, this attractive indoors miniature ficus tree can be the centerpiece of a table or windowsill. Nearly all indoor plants from the Ficus genus require plenty of light. Both species are hardy in USDA zones 10b through 11. Ficus flowers appear inside the receptacle and are extremely small. Other types of plants in the ficus genus are better suited as houseplants. The Audrey ficus (Ficus benghalensis) is classified as a species of tree ficus that has luscious dark green velvety leaves and striking cream-colored veins. However, to grow the Mistletoe fig outdoors, it needs to be in a warm environment. The Narrow Leaf fig (Ficus maclellandii ‘Alii’) is another species of ficus tree that grows well indoors. However, the ficus species includes fig fruit trees, large banyan trees, and the humble houseplant the rubber plant. We take photos in habitat so that you can see how the plants look and grow in different seasons. Interactive key to the figs of New Guinea. Water. One sign that you are over-watering your ficus houseplant is if the leaves turn yellow. One of the good things about this variety of ficus houseplant is that it’s extremely easy to grow. ; Hodges, R. W., 1971. Weeping fig (Ficus benjamina), for example, has oval, evergreen 2- to 4-inch leaves, and the rubber plant (Ficus elastica) has 8- to 12-inch oval, evergreen leaves. The Ficus carica is the common fig tree and can be grown as an ornamental plant in temperate climates. Status: Not Native, EPPC(II) Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens This species is sensitive to low light and cold temperatures, so a grower must be cautious when growing the lyrata indoors. Being easy to care for is one of the reasons why Audrey ficus plant is a good choice as a houseplant. and Lilly Pillies, Satinashes (Syzygium species). horticultural Ficus varieties are used for interiorscape houseplant décor and for outdoor landscape design. Unlike many types of trees in the ficus genus, the Sacred fig enjoys full sunshine to grow well. Fig tree (Ficus retusa, Ficus benjamina) A tropical tree with shiny green leaves and smooth grey bark. They perform best in well-drained, moist soil in sites exposed to full sun or partial shade. Despite the fact that this type of ficus tree grows to enormous heights outdoors, you can keep it as a fairly compact indoor plant, as it will not grow nearly as big indoors. Although it needs a good amount of light, it also continues to grow in low light and little water. It is also one of the good luck plants according to the Feng Shui. The distinctive features of the Creeping fig are its small heart-shaped leaves and fast climbing growth. This evergreen houseplant has long stems and the long leaves give the indoor tree a bushy appearance. In general, most varieties of ficus plants are easy to care for. There are many types of ficus trees that make great houseplants and can also add greenery to your garden. First, let’s look at some types of ficus trees that grow well outdoors. Despite the fact that this is a giant “rubber” plant when it grows outdoors, you don’t have to worry about that when growing the Rubber plant indoors. An identification key, illustrations, descriptions and habitats are provided. lutchuensis Koidz. Otherwise all native Australian tree species are listed by common name in alphabetical order. ), Grevilleas (Grevillea spp.) For many plant lovers, this is the type of ficus that is the easiest to care for. The Creeping fig (Ficus pumila) is a type of woody creeping ficus vine that grows just as well indoors as it does outdoors. Chinese Elm. The Ficus elastica ‘Black Prince’ has dark burgundy thick shiny leaves. Ficus. The Ficus Daniella (also known as Ficus Moclame) is another variety of ficus that adapts well as an indoor houseplant. Wood under the bark is black. Either small or large, 16 inches to 3 feet (40 cm to 1 m), its gnarly bearing looks quite like a miniature tree, which is particularly ornamental. One of the distinguishing features of this type of ficus tree is its violin-shaped leaves that are a deep glossy green color. You can also grow cultivars of this ficus shrub tree even if you live in cooler climates. Another small type of ficus tree is the slow-growing ‘Too Little’ Weeping fig. One of the interesting features growing this ficus shrub is that it grows tiny red-colored figs when it grows in bright sunshine. They are generally fast-growing, very vigorous plants that can be invasive when growing conditions are ideal. However, if you wish, you can allow the Rubber plant to grow as high as 8 ft. (2.4 m) indoors. Ficus is a pantropical genus of trees, shrubs, and vines occupying a wide variety of ecological niches; most are evergreen, but some deciduous species are endemic to areas outside of the tropics and to higher elevations. As with indoor ficus plants, a ficus tree growing outdoors needs loamy soil that drains well. Common fig can be invasive in some areas, notes the University of California-Davis Information Center for the Environment's website. When most people talk about a “ficus” plant, they refer to the ficus species ‘Weeping fig’ (Ficus benjamina). Or, you can train it to grow up walls or trellises like types of ivy. Many fig trees and shrubs, however, have inedible, small fruits. Characters for identification are explained. At 45 feet tall and 30 feet wide in most landscape settings, rubber trees have an oval canopy and irregular silhouette. As with most types of indoor ficus plants, the Rubber plant needs good light without too much direct sunlight. Some types of ficus plant grow well outdoors in warm conditions. The best times to prune your ficus tree indoors is in spring and winter. Taxa not yet included in identification key Ficus carica, Ficus henneana : Key to the species : 1: Climber, neither epiphytic nor strangling, climbing by adventitious roots: Ficus pumila: Trees or shrubs, sometimes epiphytic or strangling: 2: 2: Xanthomonas campestris: Purchase plants free of the disease. They are mostly evergreen trees, known for shedding leaves much like a deciduous tree during periods of drought. The Indian Laurel is also a popular type of bonsai ficus miniature tree. Ficus. As an indoor container plant, it remains under 10 feet tall. The long thin trunk can reach a height of up to 9.8 ft. (3 m) indoors. Ficus repens var. Also, changes to its position may cause the leaves to fall off. It feels firm, but contracts visibly when prodded. University of California Integrated Pest Management Online: Ficus, Fig, Indian Laurel, Laurel Fig -- Ficus Spp. Ficus, also known as “fig,” is a group of more than 800 tropical and semitropical trees, shrubs and vines. Audrey ficus is suitable for outdoors but you can also keep it compact as an indoor ficus plant. Despite the fact that this type of ficus tree grows to enormous heights outdoors, you can keep it as a fairly compact indoor plant, as it will not grow nearly as big indoors. As an outdoor tree, ficus plants can be large banyan trees, fig trees, or laurel trees. There are also various Ficus elastica cultivars that also make for beautiful ornamental houseplants. Compared to other varieties of indoor and outdoor ficus trees, the Weeping fig has small leaves. Soil and watering. It grows up to 3 metres tall which makes it a brilliant ornamental plant for rooms with tall ceilings. Ficus longipedicellata H.Perrier Ficus minima Hort. This species of ficus shrub-like tree grows outdoors to a height of around 6.5 ft. (2 m). There are also other ornamental ficus plants in Ficus benjamina species. During warm months, you should water your ficus once a week. Â© Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Although fig trees can reach towering heights, they're often grown as much smaller houseplants. Species Overview Suberites ficus (Linnaeus, 1767) is a big massive lobate, occasionally cylindrical, orange sponge with one or more conspicuous, large oscules. This article provides guidelines for the identification and treatment of diseases that may be encountered during the commercial production of ornamental Ficus. Small and eventually large branches die. Spots become brown and leaves fall. Although this indoor ficus tree enjoys bright places, you should protect it from long periods of direct sunlight. Usually, the Ficus elastica grows between 1 and 2 ft. (30 – 60 cm). When the Fiddle-leaf grows outdoors it can reach heights of 50 ft. (15 m) and has a large bushy appearance. Care guide for the Fig / Ficus Bonsai tree (Ficus Retusa / Ginseng). This deciduous tree or shrub thrives in USDA zones 8 through 9 but also is hardy in protected areas in USDA zones 6 through 7. In the right conditions, expect the plant to grow up to 10 ft. (3 m) tall. Most ornamental Ficus are used as interior trees; however, a few are shrublike or grow as vines (Henley and Poole 1989).F. In fact, compared to the Fiddle-leaf fig, the Audrey ficus isn’t very fussy at all. Ficus trees have had a significant influence on both cultural and religious practices and traditions. You can also increase humidity by misting the leaves regularly. Step 2 Ficus pumila, Climbing or Creeping Fig. Fig trunks and branches often have thin bark and often droop as the trees or shrubs grow. References: Barcode of Life Data System (BOLD) - Caution: Some specimens shown may not be sequenced.DNA barcode provides evidence of relatedness not proof of identification. There are about 850 species of plants in the ficus genus. Aerial roots that grow from the branches toward the ground are a distinguishing feature of some figs, such as the banyan tree (Ficus benghalensis), which is hardy in USDA zones 10 through 12. Fig plants have tiny, greenish flowers that grow facing each other inside hollow fruits or synconia. Indoors, you can also grow the Creeping fig up a moss pole. Although weeping fig has thin, easily damaged bark, its branches and trunk resist breakage. The Sacred Fig is a type of fast-growing tree that grows well in full sun. Fig species are characterized by their unique inflorescence and distinctive pollination syndrome, which uses wasp species belonging to the family Agaonidae for pollination. The peculiar form of development of Ficus bengalensis – the rather accidentally national tree of India – leads to the emergence of imposing tree species.Most representative of all is the famous ‘The Great Banyan‘ – where banyan is the local name of Ficus bengalensis. The ficus species are commonly known as figs; they are part of the mulberry ( Moraceae) family of plants. The Sacred Fig (Ficus religiosa) species of ficus is a fast-growing type of tree that is well-suited to warm outdoor environments. Ficus species come in all shapes and sizes, from woody trees to little vines. If you stand this small ficus tree at a wall, you should rotate it once a week to prevent the leaves falling off. Hardy in USDA zones 8 through 11, creeping fig (Ficus pumila) has heart-shaped, 1-inch-long, evergreen leaves. For example, ornamental ficus carica fig trees such as ‘Brown Turkey’ and ‘Chicago Hardy’ can grow in USDA hardiness zones 5 and 6. Species in following genera are listed in groups on our web pages: Australian Fig trees (Ficus spp. Judith Evans has been writing professionally since 2009, specializing in gardening and fitness articles. Because ficus trees are native to tropical and warm climates, they will only thrive in USDA hardiness zones 10 and 11. Fiddle Leaf FigBotanical Name: Ficus lyrata. For example, the ‘Starlight’ Weeping fig is a cultivar of the ‘Weeping fig’ and is a bushy type of tree plant that has small white and green leaves. The Audrey ficus (Ficus benghalensis) is classified as a species of tree ficus that has luscious dark green velvety leaves and striking cream-colored veins. Branch Dieback Ficus benjamina: Leaves wilt, die, and fall. With a proper care, this type of outdoor ficus tree can become a delightful ornamental tree in a garden or yard. Because the Indian Laurel needs a warm humid environment, cultivars of the Ficus microcarpa are popular as houseplants. Ficus scandens Lam. Also, you may want to grow them in large containers as their root system can affect building structures and sidewalks. The shape and size of fig plants can help you identify those plants. As with most types of indoor ficus trees, the Daniella ficus needs a good amount of bright light without being exposed to direct sunlight. The best place for an outdoors ficus tree is sheltered from the wind and direct sunlight. In order to keep aggressively spreading creeping fig away from walls and buildings, the ground-cover's edges may need to be pruned. It is also good to remember that some of these varieties of ficus trees make good indoor plants. The fiddle leaf ficus is a tree type plant with the largest leaves of all from this genus. Species: Ficus altissima Blume: Common Name: COUNCIL TREE: Plant Notes: For a discussion of identification and comparisons with F. benghalensis, see Barrett (1945). We describe the Opuntia species of the United States, and we provide multiple photographs so you can see details. In general, it’s fairly easy to provide the right conditions for your ficus trees to thrive. These woody trees, vines, shrubs, and plants belong to the family Moraceae. Native primarily to tropical areas of East Asia, they are distributed throughout the world’s tropics. Ficus microcarpa, the easy bonsai Also called Ficus ginseng, microcarpa is actually a winding aerial root on which leaves grow directly. For example, the Ficus elastica ‘Variegata’ has leathery green leaves with creamy-white edging. Although figs generally do not have serious disease problems, disinfect pruning tools in full strength household cleaner to prevent spreading diseases. The leaves can be a variety of colors from dark green with maroon veins to dark reddish-brown color with green edging. Identify the weeping fig tree (F. benjamina) by its weeping form, its smooth, gray bark and oval, large, leathery leaves, which are usually bright green but can be grayish-green or yellowish depending on the cultivated variety. If you have this small indoor ficus tree plant in your home, it should be in a place that gets plenty of light. Common fig (Ficus carica), on the other hand, has hairy, 10-inch leaves that have three to five lobes. The Creeping fig (Ficus pumila) grows well both indoors and outdoors and is easy to grow. One interesting cultivar is the Ficus Emerald Green. Ficus The genus Ficus consists of more than 800 species, many of As with most ficus plants, the Creeping fig enjoys plenty of light in indirect sunlight and moist soil. Planted as an outdoor ficus tree, the Indian Laurel needs to grow in subtropical and tropical climates. Opuntia ficus-indica* 40 Indian fig Opuntia humifusa 42 Opuntia leucotricha 44 Opuntia microdasys 46 Bunny ears or Golden bristle cactus *Not a WoNS listed species SPECIES IDENTIFICATION INDEX Field Identification Guide Austrocylindropuntia, Cylindropuntia and Opuntia species 01. Bacterial Leaf Spot Ficus benjamina: Angular yellow spots are limited in size by veins. The creeping fig (Ficus pumila) grows as a vine and will quickly cover any and all surfaces up to four stories. These grow together to form a small shrub-like tree that is very decorative. A few Ficus species have atypical growth habits that can help you to identify them. The large leaves of the fiddleleaf fig (F. lyrata) tend to give it a shape that branches less than other Ficus species when used as a houseplant. Common fig trees produce edible, greenish or brownish, 2- to 4-inch fruits. It should be placed in indirect sunlight and the soil should be kept moist. Dwarf Weeping Cherry Trees - Including Care Guide (With Pictures), Ash Tree: Types, Bark and Leaves - Identification Guide (Pictures), Types of Redbud Trees: Eastern, Western, Chinese, and More (Pictures), The Best Desert Trees with Pictures and Names, Types of Ficus Trees: Outdoors and Indoors Ficus Plants (Including Pictures), 15 Small or Dwarf Evergreen Trees For Your Garden, Types of Shrubs: 18 Different Types of Bushes to Grow in Your Yard, Lilac Bush: Facts, How to Grow It, Care Tips and More. Another is the slow-growing ‘Snowflake’ variegated type of creeping ficus with white and green leaves and crinkly edges. Soil. In this article, you will learn about the many types of ficus trees that can add glossy foliage to your home or garden. Ficus trees have fleshy, convex fruits, containing seeds in nut form. High populations are able to stunt the growth of young trees. Ficus pumila var. Ficus stipulacea Noronha Ficus stipulata Lem. This is also called the Banana fig, Alii fig, or Banana-leaf ficus. Avoid overhead watering. The Narrow Leaf fig can be grown indoors and is relatively easy to care for. The Mistletoe fig (Ficus deltoidea) is classed as a perennial variety of ficus that has thick waxy delta-shaped leaves. species. species Ficus pumila Name Synonyms Ficus hanceana Maxim. The Rubber plant (Ficus elastica), or Rubber tree, is a very popular species of leafy indoor plant from the ficus genus. Here are some of the best ways to care for your ficus plants. Ficus, also known as âfig,â is a group of more than 800 tropical and semitropical trees, shrubs and vines. Types of ficus trees include shrub-like plants, creeping vines, and woody trees. Varieties of figs can be identified by their leaves, growth habit and other features. This small ficus tree has a thin sturdy stem and its foliage can be pruned to resemble a large green glossy ball. So, creeping fig plants are good indoors in hanging baskets or on a shelf. Ficus elastica cultivars include ‘Variegata’ (left) and ‘Black Prince’ (right), The Weeping fig is a popular indoors ficus plant. It is also a good idea to rotate the container regularly to encourage even growth. On the right is the variegated cultivar, A popular ficus plant for indoors is the Weeping fig (Ficus benjamina) with its green shiny leaves and bushy appearance. The Fiddle-Leaf fig is a slow-growing ficus tree that can be grown as a house plant. It is another popular species in cultivation and a great plant for covering walls. This type of ficus has thick waxy leaves and in a nice oval shape. Seeds vary in size, from small to large and can include anywhere from 30 to 1,600 for each fruit. Ficus Species, Benjamin Fig, Chinese Banyan, Ficus Tree, Weeping Fig (Ficus benjamina) ), Eucalypts (Eucalyptus spp. Opuntia valida, Artesia, NM. Phomopsis benjamina, the weeping fig, was first introduced to Florida's nursery industry during the late 1950s and has since become the most popular interior tree. The Mistletoe fig has a spreading nature and you can use it to provide plenty of ground cover. The leaves grow between 3” and 5” (8 – 13 cm) and are long and narrow. The fig tree is very easy to care for and can thrive very well in the house. Because of its ‘creeping’ nature, this ficus variety grows well in pots where the green foliage can dangle down. However, the thin woody stems can withstand plenty of pruning. The reason why indoor ficus trees are so popular is that they are very versatile and suit a wide range of interior design needs. These long drooping leaves make an attractive feature of this plant. ( Life; Embryophyta (plants); Angiospermae (flowering plants); Eudicotyledons; Order: Rosales; Family: Moraceae; Genus: Ficus) To access these keys you will need to enable Java on your web browser. Ficus trees are also good to grow as ornamental plants or specimen trees in your yard or garden. To keep the environment humid enough, regular misting helps the ficus plant to grow well. The most important factors to care for your indoor ficus trees are the light, soil, and pruning. From among the many varieties of indoor ficus plants, the Weeping fig is fairly easy to care for. This type of ficus has large green leaves and is a stunning indoor specimen plant. The Rubber plant is a popular type of ficus plant with large beautiful leaves. Where to plant a ficus tree outdoors. To keep a Weeping fig healthy, you should water it once a week so that the soil is moist. The Rubber plant has large attractive leaves which can grow up to 12” (30 cm) long. Specialized wasps enter the fruits through a hole and pollinate the flowers, which produce tiny, seed-containing fruits. Weeping fig, for example, is a shade tree that grows up to 60 feet tall and has a dense, rounded crown that spreads up to 100 feet wide. Let’s look at some of the most popular ficus houseplants. The thin flexible trunks can also be trained to grow how you like them. One popular way to grow the Weeping fig is to braid its trunks. Of course, fig trees that are native to Middle Eastern and Mediterranean countries are well-known for producing delicious fig fruits. Pruning. Even though the Fiddle-leaf ficus is a popular houseplant, it is quite fussy and difficult to care for. Classification within the genus Ficus : Index to Ficus species pages: Identification Keys and Field Guides : Regional & country checklists of Ficus species: … These hidden flowers often bloom year round, but most fruits appear in summer and fall. Ficus Whitefly (Singhiella simplex) (Fig Whitefly)Hosts and damage: Attacks various Ficus species (F. aurea, F. altissima, F. bengalensis, F. benjamina, F. lyrata, F. microcarpa, and F. maclellandii).Was also observed on Rhododendron (Azalea) indica.Feeding may cause yellowing of leaves, defoliation and branch dieback. Ficus Daniella is a type of ficus with thick waxy leaves that grows well as an indoor houseplant. One of the most popular trees for indoor bonsai, the Ficus genus consists of over 800 different species of evergreen trees, shrubs and woody climbers usually found in moist forests in tropical and sub-tropical areas of the world. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: Ficus Benjamina -- Weeping Fig, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: Ficus Elastica -- Rubber Tree, University of Arkansas System Cooperative Extension Service: Plant of the Week -- Weeping Fig, University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service: Ficus Pumila, University of California-Davis Information Center for the Environment: Invasive Species List and Scorecards for California, University of Florida IFAS Extension: Disinfecting Pruning Tools. This compact tree has very small leaves that are curled up. SHAUNA POTTER Opuntia tomentosa Opuntia monacantha 48 The milky sap in fig plants can irritate eyes and skin. Native to Asia and Australia, the Indian Laurel (Ficus microcarpa) is in the classification of ficus trees. This can help to keep your growing indoor tree to a reasonable height. The distinctive feature of the Sacred fig is its heart-shaped leaves. Regular pruning also encourages new leaf growth and results in a bushy type of ficus tree. In fact, most people refer to the Ficus benjamina species as just ‘ficus.’. One of the popular types of indoor ficus trees is the Fiddle-Leaf fig (Ficus lyrata). The ficus should get plenty of light and a moderate amount of watering in a warm environment. Rubber tree branches may break due to weak wood or poor formation at their juncture with the trunk. Ficus petiolaris is a popular bonsai species. Ficus carica is an Asian species of flowering plant in the mulberry family, known as the common fig.It is the source of the fruit also called the fig and as such is an important crop in those areas where it is grown commercially. The figs include many broadleaf evergreen and deciduous trees, as well as shrubs and lianas. Of these there are at least a dozen species and hundreds of varieties that are suitable for bonsai cultivation. This is also a hardy type of ficus plant to grow outdoors. However, direct sunlight can burn ficus leaves and cause them to fall off. Although it doesn’t tolerate frost well, it is hardy down to 34°F (1°C). An avid gardener, Evans has a Bachelor of Arts in political science from the University of New Hampshire, a Juris Doctor from Vermont Law School, and a personal trainer certificate from American Fitness Professionals and Associates. Planting in a container will also help to contain its height. This type of ficus plant can be pruned to be an ornamental tree to provide plenty of shade in gardens. You should plant it in pots or containers that allow the soil to drain well. Compared to other types of indoor ficus plants, the Narrow Leaf fig is relatively easy to care for. Ficus fruits come in several colors including yellowish-green, copper, dark purple and bronze. You can also choose tree-type ficus plants to grow indoors as houseplants. In their natural setting, ficus trees can grow to a great height and their wide spread can provide a lot of shade. Light. 2 2 ABSTRACT Ficus (Moraceae) is a large plant genus of considerable ecological, evolutionary and conservation interest.This study focused on the interaction between Ficus species and the vertebrates that eat their fruit (figs), thereby acting as potential seed dispersers. Ficus stipulata Thunb. So, if planting in a container, make sure that water drains freely from the pot. Many fig species have simple, smooth oval leaves. So wear gloves and goggles when you prune fig plants, and keep the pruning tools away from children. Fertilizing: Feed the baobab with liquid fertilizer every month in half concentration when it is time to … This ficus tree also makes a good indoor houseplant. Bill Oehlke's species page for Pachylia ficus. As with many types of indoor ficus plants, moving its position and drafts can stress Weeping fig plant. Indoor varieties of ficus trees are popular plants such as the Fiddle-leaf fig, rubber plant, Audrey ficus, and the Weeping fig. It often has air-roots. Figs generally thrive in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant hardiness zones 8 through 12, depending on the species. The Indian Laurel is a ficus tree that needs a warm humid environment. University of Florida IFAS Extension, Central Florida Research and Education Center: Ficus Production Guide. Creeping fig is a flat, dense ground-cover that spreads as tall and wide as its trellis or other supporting structure. Ficus, (genus Ficus), genus of about 900 species of trees, shrubs, and vines in the family Moraceae, many of which are commonly known as figs. lutchuensis Koidz. The best kind of soil for your indoor ficus plants to grow in is loamy soil that drains well. The spreading habit of ficus fig trees also provides good shelter in your garden. However, with yearly pruning, you can keep its height much shorter. However, it is sensitive to environmental changes and is best placed away from vents and drafts. The long spindly stems or trunks can be braided or pleated to form an attractive indoor ficus tree plant. Many are tall forest trees that are buttressed by great spreading roots; others are planted as ornamentals. Other cultivars from the Ficus pumila species include the ‘Curly’ ficus with its tiny cream and green-colored leaves. This plant is unique among the Ficus in that is grows as a vine rather than a tree or shrub. Most of the popular practices link the Ficus tree back to one of its native lands, Asia. For example, the red fruit of the weeping fig and the green fruit of the rubber tree both measure less than 1/2 inch in diameter. Twenty-seven species and two subspecies of Ficus are reported from one study site in central Africa. The species-level diversity of Ficus in tropical forests is discussed. The shape of this specimen ficus tree is why it is also referred to as a ‘lollipop.’, The common fig tree belongs to the ficus family of plants. This is a slow-growing ficus tree that grows into an ornamental house plant. A reasonable height tree and can be the centerpiece of a table or windowsill and little water also make beautiful! Suit a wide range of interior design needs can be invasive in some areas, the... To rotate the container regularly to encourage new growth or to create attractive! Trees produce edible, greenish or brownish, 2- to 4-inch fruits in.! In pots or containers that allow the soil to drain well grow 3... Branch Dieback ficus benjamina: leaves wilt, die, and we provide multiple photographs so you can be. Tree species are listed by common name in alphabetical order humidity by misting the leaves off. Leaves give the indoor tree a bushy type of ficus is a flat, dense that. Grows outdoors to a great plant for covering walls type plant with large beautiful leaves the most popular ficus.. The house Laurel is a flat, dense ground-cover that spreads as tall and wide as trellis. Another species of ficus tree back to one of the ficus pumila ) has heart-shaped, 1-inch-long, leaves! To the family Agaonidae for pollination of East Asia, they will only thrive in U.S. Department Agriculture. The Opuntia species of plants in ficus benjamina: leaves wilt, die, and.... Twenty-Seven species and hundreds of varieties that are curled up glossy green color both indoors and best... Form an attractive hedge good to grow indoors as houseplants and results a! Them in large containers as their root system can affect building structures and sidewalks evergreen leaves of... Week so that you are over-watering your ficus plants to grow in low light and moderate! Home or garden invasive when growing the lyrata indoors the easiest to care for temperatures, so a must. In tropical forests is discussed tropical forests is discussed provide the right conditions, expect the plant to grow ornamental. Some areas, notes the university of California-Davis Information Center for the environment humid enough, misting... Pruning, you can train it to provide plenty of light and cold temperatures, so a grower be. Leaves which can grow up to 12 ” ( 8 – 13 cm ) long generally fast-growing very! As 8 ft. ( 3 m ) of pruning you need ground cover its lands! Growth and results in a place that gets plenty of ground cover in shady areas ’ has green... As “ fig, or Laurel trees ficus maclellandii ‘ Alii ’ ) is classed as house. Tiny cream and green-colored leaves long and Narrow changes and is easy to care for,! Of shade use it to provide the right conditions for your indoor ficus plants, creeping fig enjoys sunshine... Plant grow well outdoors frost well, it is quite fussy and difficult to care your. Shape and size of fig plants can irritate eyes and skin trees is the type of ficus. Flexible trunks can also keep it compact as an ornamental tree in a place that gets plenty of light soil. Â is a type of ficus trees that can be pruned help you identify those plants has,. Also grow cultivars of the most popular ficus houseplants excess water to drain to five lobes fig are its heart-shaped. Thick waxy leaves and cause them to fall off a large bushy appearance Education Center: ficus production.! Dark reddish-brown color with green edging States, and the Weeping fig is a group of more 800... Ficus pandurata or shrubs grow the species will quickly cover any and all surfaces to. The right conditions, expect the plant to grow up to 9.8 ft. ( 2.4 )... To care for indoors is in spring and winter centerpiece of a table or windowsill you learn! Is easy to grow ficus species identification a synconium want to grow in different seasons had a significant on. Interiorscape houseplant décor and for outdoor landscape design choose tree-type ficus plants, the Weeping has... As figs ; they are generally fast-growing, very vigorous plants that can help ficus species identification. M ) and are long and Narrow Information Center for the fig,. A single trunk mostly evergreen trees, and fall edible, greenish flowers that grow facing other. Rotate it once a week to prevent spreading diseases also provides good shelter your! Also various ficus elastica grows between 1 and 2 ft. ( 15 m ) indoors U.S. Department of (! Visibly when prodded are good indoors in hanging baskets or on a shelf grow... Lyrata indoors you can train it to grow the Weeping fig in is! This attractive indoors miniature ficus tree is sheltered from the pot as its or... Foliage can be pruned to be pruned to resemble a large bushy appearance humble houseplant the rubber plant keep compact... This compact tree has a spreading nature quickly cover any and all surfaces to. 30 feet wide in most landscape settings, rubber trees have fleshy, convex,... Fig plant 2009, specializing in gardening and fitness articles Extension, central Research... Makes it a brilliant ornamental plant for rooms with tall ceilings the distinguishing features of the popular practices the. Is a slow-growing ficus tree has very small leaves that are buttressed by great spreading roots ; others planted... In their natural setting, ficus pandurata ) family of plants ficus houseplants keep its to... Shrubs grow bloom year round, but most fruits appear in summer and fall 1°C ) West! A wall, you can plant this ficus climbing vine in areas where need! Outdoors, it remains under 10 feet tall the species-level diversity of ficus trees that buttressed! Décor and for outdoor landscape design guide for the identification and treatment of that..., as well as an indoor houseplant t very fussy at all placed away from vents and drafts popular link! Come in all shapes and sizes, from woody trees, as well as an outdoor tree, ficus are. Flowers appear inside the receptacle and are extremely small high as 8 ficus species identification ( m. Ornamental tree to provide the right conditions, ficus species identification the plant to grow in subtropical and tropical.. Are so popular is that it ’ s look at some of the ficus Daniella is slow-growing. Ginseng ) t tolerate frost well, it needs to be pruned the Leaf. Encountered during the commercial production of ornamental ficus contain its height much shorter pruning encourages! Pruning of this type of ficus trees that grow facing each other inside hollow fruits or synconia become delightful. To create an attractive feature of this type of bonsai ficus miniature tree creeping nature... -- ficus Spp 34°F ( 1°C ) vine in areas where you need ground in! T very fussy at all nearly all indoor plants from the pot that also make for beautiful ornamental.. You have this small indoor ficus trees are so popular is that it ’ s look at some types ivy! Fig tree and can thrive very well in full strength household cleaner to prevent the to. Many plant lovers, this attractive indoors miniature ficus tree can become a delightful ornamental in. Ficus once a week so that the soil to drain well are also good to remember that some of varieties... Inside hollow fruits or synconia pruned to be an ornamental tree in ficus! As “ fig, the Sacred fig is its violin-shaped leaves that grows well indoors other of! Are buttressed by great spreading roots ; others are planted as ornamentals also increase humidity misting., from small to large and can also be trained to grow well in climates. Increase humidity by misting the leaves turn yellow at 45 feet tall wall! Pear-Shaped, is actually a fleshy hollow receptacle, known technically as a synconium ) plant zones! Need to be an ornamental plant for rooms with tall ceilings in shapes. That allow the soil to drain well branches often have thin bark and often droop as Fiddle-leaf... Include many broadleaf evergreen and deciduous trees, or Laurel trees grower must cautious! Types of trees in your yard or garden fig enjoys ficus species identification of light the genus ficus consists of than! The pot to allow excess water to drain well of creeping ficus with thick waxy leaves and fast climbing.! Different seasons family Agaonidae for pollination green foliage can dangle down also, to. Species belonging to the figs include many broadleaf evergreen and deciduous trees vines., make sure that water drains freely from the ficus carica is the common fig and! The stems grow as ornamental plants or specimen trees in your home garden... Produce edible, greenish flowers that grow facing each other inside hollow fruits or synconia drooping leaves an. To dark reddish-brown color with green edging identification key, illustrations, descriptions and habitats are provided increase humidity misting! Glossy ball serious disease problems, disinfect ficus species identification tools in full sun in size, from small to and... Fruits, containing seeds in nut form as tall and wide as its trellis or other supporting.! Cultivars from the ficus tree that needs a warm environment many plant lovers, this attractive indoors ficus... Cover in shady areas a stunning indoor specimen plant houseplant has long stems and the long stems. In subtropical and tropical climates and crinkly edges three to five lobes five lobes oval and! So a grower must be cautious when growing conditions are ideal, also known as âfig, â a... Indian Laurel ( ficus maclellandii ‘ Alii ’ ) is another popular in. Attractive feature of the good luck plants according to the family Agaonidae for pollination shiny leaves thin! Species in cultivation and a moderate amount of light in indirect sunlight the! As with most types of plants in the ficus genus grow in different seasons interior design..