One of the major intra-religious conflict was between the Shia and Sunni sects. Akbar divided his kingdom into provinces called subas governed by a Subedar. This brought certainty to collections and alleviated the problem of peasants to great extent. Q6: Describe the Rajput policy of Akbar? In this context describe: His policy of racial pacification and religious tolerance. T he religious policy of Akbar was extremely liberal. Akbar’s Rajput policy proved extremely success- ; ful for Mughal Empire and is considered as the best examples of his diplomatic skills. Reference may be made to the reforms made by Akbar in the field of Sayurghals. People tended to develop more religious tolerance towards one another. Akbar’s policy towards Rajput was combined with broad religious toleration. He allowed his Hindu wives to worship their own gods. Like many of the sufis, Akbar believed that communion with God… These discussions took place in ibadat Khana . Right to Education (RTE) 1. Akbar's legacy of religious toleration, firm but fair central control, and liberal tax policies that gave commoners a chance to prosper established a precedent in India that can be traced forward in the thinking of later figures such as Mohandas Gandhi. Akbar was the greatest of the Mughal emperors. According to Abu'l-Fazl, the emperor was a universal agent of god, and so his sovereignty was not bound to any single faith. It contains elaborate discussion of the broad features of administration laid down by Akbar. MUGHAL INDIA – TUTORIAL 2 MUGHAL-RAJPUT RELATIONS IN AKBAR’S REIGN The evolution of relations between the Mughals and the Rajputs during the reign of Akbar can be placed within more than one historical context. Akbar was a very judicious ruler who reformed the judicial system according to the Hindu laws. Akbar’s Religious Policy. Personality and Character ... 162 Bibliography... 171. Sulh-i-kul means "universal peace". The emperor’s service was also opened to them and their sons, which offered financial rewards as well as honour. Akbar ordered that the settlement should be concluded for past 10 years. The Rajput policy devised by Mughal emperor Akbar is considered to be the highlight of his career. Answer: 2 question A) Describe ONE way in which Akbar’s actions in sponsoring the translations discussed in the passage are similar to actions taken by rulers of other empires during the period 1450–1750. He gave great importance to choice and abolished discriminatory taxes based on religion. Evolution of Akbar’s Religious Policy ... 49 5. His aim was to wipe out the differences that kept people apart and to bring about unity among them. ADVERTISEMENTS: In 1583-84 occurred the Gujarat Rebellion. Akbar's actions and policies had a long lasting effect on the people of his empire. He formed strong and stable empire with the help of Rajputs, a martial clan among Hindus and he could get rid of the influ­ence of his own conspirator nobles and kinsmen. CBSE > Class 07 > Social Science 1 answers; Yogita Ingle 2 years, 1 month ago. While Akbar was at Fatehpur Sikri, he started a discussion on religion with the ulemas, Brahmanas, Jesuit priests who were Roman … Referring to the Vogue article by Ramani , Luthra pointed out that Ramani had used the following words to describe Akbar: "You were one of my professional heroes." Administration ... 70 6. 3.1 - Describe ONE way in which Akbar's response to religious diversity compared to the practices of the Mongols during the 13th century. Read this comprehensive essay on Akbar the Great (1542 AD – 1605 AD) ! He could have very well undertaken a campaign in the Deccan but he did not. Describe Rajput policy of Akbar Report ; Posted by Vishnu Byju 2 years, 1 month ago. Akbar followed the same feudal policy toward the other Rajput chiefs. So, the religious policies of both Akbar and Aurangzeb are the most differing, according to the stances taken by them. It resulted in the development of a composite culture. Share 0. A closer look at Akbar’s policies. They both wanted to look out for the well-being of their people by developing educational opportunities and the translations of sacred books. The greatest of the Mughal's emperors, Akbar, attempted the creation of a national identity for India by his numerous reforms, literal and cultural development, and policies of integration and organization. Akbar’s nobles commanded large armies and had access to large amounts of revenue. Akbar became the de jure king in 1556 at the age of 13 when his father died. Akbar was the greatest of all medieval rulers of India. Most controversial policies of Akbar include abolition of jizya, immunity given to Hindu pandits and European Jesuits at the Ibadat Khana, prohibition of cow-slaughter, marriage reforms, discipleship, etc. The Rajput policy of Akbar was unique as it not only helped to end the long drawn conflict between the Rajputs and Mughal ruler but also helped Akbar in the consolidation of his empire. Finally, the Marathas and the British brought about its fall and disintegration. Rajput Policy of Akbar shaped up by the following factors: To enter into the largest military labour market in India in order to suppress Afghans and to break the monopoly of Mughal nobles. That's where Akbar was educated and took to journalism." They were allowed to hold their ancestral territories, provided that they acknowledged Akbar as emperor, paid tribute, supplied troops when required, and concluded a marriage alliance with him. In 1562, he abolished jiziya. Bhara Mal, the ruler of Amber, married his younger daughter Harkha Bai to Akbar. The peasants were saved from the caprices and whims of the Zamindars and Jagirdars. Din-i-ilahi was a religious path suggested by Akbar. An aggregate of the rate of revenues from 1570 to 1579 was made and a decennial average was fixed as demand of the revenue. In pursuance of this policy, Akbar entered into matrimonial alliances with the Rajput rulers. It’s Akbar’s religious policy that made way to his name in the history pages. Akbar the Great's tolerance of other religions is also noticeable in his marriages to women of various faiths, most noteably Jodha Bai, a Hindu daughter of the House of Jaipur. India - India - The reign of Akbar the Great: Akbar (ruled 1556–1605) was proclaimed emperor amid gloomy circumstances. In pursuance of this policy, Akbar entered into matrimonial alliances with the Rajput rulers. Perhaps, the most abhorred was the Akbar’s promulgation in 1582 of the Din-i Ilahi (The Divine Faith). He realized that to establish a strong empire, he had to gain the confidence of his Hindu people who were the majority in India. He abolished the pilgrimage Tax and Reziya. The peasants must have welcomed the policy of saving the cows, 4)ufTaIoes, camels and oxen and the maintaining of pastures. Akbar: Evolution of religious and social outlook, theory of Sulh-i-kul and religious policy: Part II (3) The Third Phase (1581-1605): Akbar's own religious ideas and beliefs crystallized slowly during the last phase. His reforms included a liberal policy toward the non-Muslims, religious innovations, the land revenue system and the famous Mansabdari system. Akbar’s religious policies. He was a true democrat who valued the feelings and … Akbar’s rule was marked by wide religious tolerance and liberal outlook. Akbar the Great, Muslim emperor of India, established a sprawling kingdom through military conquests but is known for his policy of religious tolerance. Akbar was a Muslim. •Describe the impact of the Delhi sultanate on India. Objectives . He abolished the pilgrim tax and later the jiziya. At that time, there was hardly any trouble in the transfrontier regions. Abul Fazl wrote a book titled Akbar Nama. Answer: His Policy of Conciliation and Synthesis: Akbar sought to bring about racial and religious conciliation in the country. This was the so called Ans : Rajputs were the most powerful rivals of Mughals in north India. Akbar. Berar. Akber was profoundly religious himself, yet he never sought to enforce his own religious views on anyone; be it prisoners of war, or Hindu wives or the common people in his kingdom. Describe the religious policies of the Akbar Share with your friends. Short notes on the Deccan Policy of the Mughals. Akbar also took a Christian wife, Maria Zamani Begum, who had her own chapel in one of Akbar's palaces. Akbar’s works are found in the book Akbarnama written by Abul Fazal. According to Abul Fazl the empire was divided into provinces called subas-which were governed by a subadar who carried out both political and military functions. He was looking forward to the troubles convulsing Badakhshan and he was more concerned with them. Akbar’s Religious Policy. Akbar's armies also conquered Kabul, Sind and Baluchistan. Religious policy of Akbar: Akbar was liberal-minded and tolerant of other religions. The religious policy of Akbar is known as 'Din-e-ilahi', which literally means the integrity of all the religions. Its last volume is called the Ain-i-Akbari. When Akbar was at Fatehpur Sikri during the 1570s he started discussions on religion with the ulama,Brahmanas and jesuit priests . The specific economic and strategic importance of Rajasthan. Luthra spoke at length about Akbar being "an honourable and respectable man", listing his achievements as a journalist, author and an MP. After his death the sun of the Mughals began to decline. Social, Cultural and Economic Institutions ... 134 7. He openly pronounced his faith in the principle of universal toleration and tried to eliminate the deeprooted antagonism of Muslims towards Hindus. We find that that conflicts were both inter-religious and intra-religious. He had equal respect for all religion and did not discriminate between his subjects on the basis of religion. Akbar’s Policies. 2. The crux of Akbar's religious beliefs was his faith in monotheism or Tauhid-i-Ilahi. Before examining Akbar’s religious policies, one should also pay heed to the religious challenges posed to the emperor during his reign. Delhi and Agra were threatened by Hemu—the Hindu general of the Sūr ruler, ʿĀdil Shah—and Mughal governors were being driven from all parts of northern India. a)Describe ONE way in which Akbar’s actions in sponsoring the translations discussed in the passage are similar to actions taken by rulers of other empires during the period 1450–1750. The Mughals ruled over India for about 200 years from 1526 through the early part of the 18th century. •Summarize the policies of Akbar that strengthened Mughal India. Religious Policy. - the answers to estudyassistant.com He gained popularity from different groups when he allowed temples to be built, or when he eradicated jizya. From 1595 to 1601 the Mughal forces remained busy in the annexation of Berar, Khandesh and parts of Ahmadnagar. The Rajput policy devised by Mughal emperor Akbar is considered to be the highlight of his career. 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