So far, IUCN has assessed 116,000 species of plants and animals! Africa was the focus of many of the early IUCN conservation field projects. Find out what is the full meaning of IUCN on Abbreviations.com! What is IUCN? The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN; officially International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources ) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. 2. [21], The IUCN head office is in Gland, Switzerland. 1990: Began using the name World Conservation Union as the official name, while continuing using IUCN as its abbreviation. IUCN is the global authority on the status of the natural world and the measures needed to safeguard it, such as data gathering and analysis, research, field projects, advocacy and … It publishes or co-authors more than 100 books and major assessments every year, along with hundreds of reports, documents and guidelines. IUCN's stated goal is to expand the global network of national parks and other protected areas and promote good management of such areas. What is a Red List? The IUCN Programme 2017–2020 identifies three priority areas:[14], IUCN does not itself aim to directly mobilize the general public. The IUCN Secretariat focusses its work on key themes and is organised into 11 operational regions in order to anchor its knowledge locally and better serve Members’ needs. India has 7-8% of all recorded species, including over 45,000 species of plants and 91,000 species of animals. The council is composed of the President, four Vice Presidents (elected by the council from among its members), the Treasurer, the Chairs of IUCN's six Commissions, three Regional Councillors from each of IUCN's eight Statutory Regions and a Councillor from the State in which IUCN has its seat (Switzerland). It was first called the "World Conservation Union." In 1982, IUCN set up a Conservation for Development Centre within its secretariat. To establish a stable financial basis for its work, IUCN participated in setting up the World Wildlife Fund (1961) (now the World Wide Fund for Nature WWF) to work on fundraising to cover part of the operational costs of IUCN. IUCN has more than 1,200 member organizations including 200+ government and 900+ non-government organizations. Dr Bruno Oberle, IUCN Director General Through the Green List of Protected and Conserved Areas and the system of IUCN protected area categories IUCN influences how protected areas are managed. Every four years, IUCN convenes the IUCN World Conservation Congress where IUCN Members set the global conservation agenda by voting on recommendations and guide the Secretariat’s work by passing resolutions and the IUCN Programme. It has been claimed that the IUCN puts the needs of nature above those of humans, disregarding economic considerations and the interests of indigenous peoples and other traditional users of the land. equitable and ecologically sustainable. Photo: IUCN. had a West-European or North-American perspective on global conservation. Over 300 million tons of plastic are produced every year for use in a wide variety of applications. According to some, IUCN has considerable influence in defining what nature conservation actually is. Promoting and supporting effective and equitable governance of natural resources. This was caused by unwillingness to act on the part of governments, uncertainty about the IUPN mandate and lack of resources. [7] IUCN was one of the few environmental organisations formally involved in the preparations of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm, 1972). The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) unveiled this assessment system in The maintenance of the list is a complex process, involving the work of several organizations and requiring constant new research to update status. IUCN Red List of Ecosystems @redlisteco While controlled fire burns can help rejuvenate an area, intervals between burns must be closely monitored Fire in… ; Plastic pollution threatens food safety … In 2017, IUCN had 1400 members. IUCN's total income in 2012 was 114 million CHF, equaling approximately 95 million Euro or 116 million US dollar. IUCN's funding mainly comes from Official Development Assistance budgets of bilateral and multilateral agencies. It was started in 1948, with its main office in Gland, Switzerland.The IUCN brings together 83 states, 108 government agencies, 766 Non-governmental … Over 300 million tons of plastic are produced every year for use in a wide variety of applications. It employs approximately 1,000 full-time staff in more than 50 countries. The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is the world’s oldest and largest conservation organization, with almost 1,300 government and NGO Members … Education has been part of IUCN's work program since the early days but the focus is on stakeholder involvement and strategic communication rather than mass-campaigns.[15]. Also in 1961, the IUCN headquarters moved from Belgium to Morges in Switzerland. The Stockholm Conference eventually led to three new international conventions, with IUCN involved in their drafting and implementation: IUCN entered into an agreement with the United Nations Environment Programme UNEP to provide regular reviews of world conservation. IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature, was established on 5 October 1948 in the French town of Fontainebleau. IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature, helps the world find pragmatic solutions to our most pressing environment and development challenges. Since 1980, IUCN has established offices in more than 50 countries.[22]. Looking for the definition of IUCN? Commission on Environmental, Economic, and Social Policy (CEESP): economic and social factors for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity. IUCN definition / IUCN means? Commission on Education and Communication (CEC): communication, learning and knowledge management in IUCN and the wider conservation community. In summary, the IUCN Red List is a collection of the best available scientific data analyzed and summarized by an international team of experts—such an assessment is not an opinion and not a guess. 2. It provides public, private and non-governmental organisations with the knowledge and tools that enable human progress, economic development and nature conservation to take place together. The IUCN and the Species Survival Commission are the responsibles of elaborating the Red List. In the past, IUCN has been criticized for placing the interests of nature over those of indigenous peoples. The IUCN is composed by 6 commissions, among which there is the Species Survival Commission (SSC), which have more than 10,000 volunteer experts from all over the world, distributed in different working groups. For this reason, Tracy Philipps, Secretary-General from 1955 to 1958, did not draw a salary during his period in office.[6]:62. IUCN Members are states (making IUCN a supranational GONGO), government agencies, international nongovernmental organizations, national nongovernmental organizations, and indigenous peoples’ organisations. [18], On the national level, IUCN helps governments prepare national biodiversity policies. International. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List or Red Data Book), founded in 1964, is the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species. [34], Increased profile and recognition: 1956–1965, Consolidating its position in the international environmental movement: 1966–1975, The World Conservation Strategy 1975–1985, Championing Nature-based Solutions: 2009 to present day, The information in the section on history is largely based on, IUCN—International Union for the Conservation of Nature, African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, Convention Concerning the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage, World Business Council for Sustainable Development, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Kenya: The Maasai Stand up to IUCN Displacement Attempts from their Forest", "Environmentalists Spar Over Corporate Ties", "Global Business and Biodiversity Programme", "Environmentalists spar over corporate ties", "077 – Defining Nature-based Solutions | 2016 Congress portal", "What's an EKOCENTER and what does it do? In the early years of its existence IUCN depended almost entirely on UNESCO funding and was forced to temporarily scale down activities when this ended unexpectedly in 1954. The IUCN Red List is a critical indicator of the health of the world’s biodiversity. IUCN began to play a part in the development of international treaties and conventions, starting with the African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is the world’s oldest and largest global environmental organisation. It has a formally accredited permanent observer mission to the United Nations. The World Conservation Congress (Members’ Assembly) is IUCN's highest decision-making body. It advises UNESCO on natural world heritage. The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is the world’s oldest and largest conservation organization, with almost 1,300 government and NGO Members and more than 15,000 volunteer experts in 185 countries. 1. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE & natural resources Prepared by: Bhavyasree R K PhD Genetics and Plant Breeding. IUCN was established on 5 October 1948, in Fontainebleau, France, when representatives of governments and conservation organizations spurred by UNESCO signed a formal act constituting the International Union for the Protection of Nature (IUPN). IUCN President Zhang Xinsheng speaking at the 2018 Global Forum on Urban Resilience and Adaptation in Bonn    [6], More recently, activist environmental groups have argued that IUCN is too closely associated with governmental organisations and with the commercial sector. Additional sources of income are the membership fees, as well as grants and project funding from foundations, institutions and corporations. [3], IUCN has observer and consultative status at the United Nations and plays a role in the implementation of several international conventions on nature conservation and biodiversity. Management of these projects was primarily done by IUCN staff, often working from the new regional and country offices IUCN set up around the world. [23] He succeeded Inger Andersen. [4][6], This is linked to another criticism that has been directed at IUCN, namely that throughout its history it has mainly been ‘Northern focused’, i.e. Most prominent in the Business and Biodiversity Program is the five-year collaboration IUCN started with the energy company Shell International in 2007.[9][10]. It uses a set of criteria to evaluate the extinction risk of thousands of species and subspecies. IUCN's current President is Zhang Xinsheng. Academic & Science » Societies. The organization is best known to the wider public for compiling and publishing the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, which assesses the conservation status of species worldwide. India became a State Member of IUCN in 1969, through the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC). The IUCN red list, as it is often known, is considered the largest database of conservation information in the world. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN; officially International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. This is a step towards protecting 17 percent of land and 10 percent of ocean environments on Earth by 2020 since an agreement between the world's nations at the Convention on Biological Diversity, held in Japan in 2010. IUCN | How we operate | Our governance | Donors and Partners | Newsroom | Reporting, ©2021 IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature, IUCN President Zhang Xinsheng speaking at the 2018 Global Forum on Urban Resilience and Adaptation in Bonn, Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean, Environmental, Economic and Social Policy (CEESP), World Commission on Environmental Law (WCEL), World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA). Archived Collaborations. [14] IUCN Member organisations set the direction of the Union's work, and global conservation efforts more broadly, every four years at the IUCN World Conservation Congress. Some 16,000 scientists and experts participate in the work of IUCN commissions on a voluntary basis. There may be more than one meaning of IUCN, so check it out all meanings of IUCN one by one. IUCN itself was eventually accredited with six UN organizations. IUCN Members elect Commission chairs and representatives from Member organisations to serve four-year terms on the Council. World Commission on Environmental Law (WCEL): developing new legal concepts and instruments, and building the capacity of societies to employ environmental law for conservation and sustainable development. ; At least 8 million tons of plastic end up in our oceans every year, and make up 80% of all marine debris from surface waters to deep-sea sediments. In recent years, its closer relations with the business sector have caused controversy.[4][5]. This marked a shift within the organisation. – Roland Siller, KfW Management Committee. IUCN has more than 1,200 member organizations including 200+ government and 900+ non-government organizations. In the IUCN Programme for 2017–2020 conserving nature and biodiversity is linked to sustainable development and poverty reduction. In 2016, there were 62 national committees and 7 regional committees. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is recognized as the leading authority on the conservation status of plant and animal species throughout the world. In 1989, IUCN moved into a separate building in Gland, close to the offices it had shared with WWF. What is IUCN? Since its inception in the 1940s, IUCN has led the world in environmental research and conservation efforts. IUCN is a membership Union composed of government as well as civil society organisations. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN; officially International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources[2]) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. Its Red List of Threatened Species (commonly called the IUCN Red List) was created in 1964 and has become the most comprehensive global inventory of at-risk species. The income this generated, combined with growing revenue via WWF, put the organisation on relatively sound financial footing for the first time since 1948. Sustainable development and regionalisation: 1985 to present day[6]:176–222 Commission on Ecosystem Management (CEM): integrated ecosystem approaches to the management of natural and modified ecosystems. IUCN is a democratic Union that brings together the world’s most influential organisations and top experts ", "Never mind the greenwash – Coca Cola can never be 'water neutral, "Jeju island navy base controversy divides iucn", "Big increase in Earth's protected areas", IUCN and UNEP World Database on Protected Areas, International Union for the Conservation of Nature oral history interview (Prof. Pimlott's remarks), University of Toronto Archives and Records Management Services, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, American Foundation for AIDS Research (AMFAR), Association of Academies of the Spanish Language, Daughters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul, Spanish Organization for the Blind (ONCE), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=International_Union_for_Conservation_of_Nature&oldid=1004687326, International Union for Conservation of Nature, International environmental organizations, Scientific organizations established in 1948, United Nations General Assembly observers, Intergovernmental environmental organizations, International organisations based in Switzerland, Articles needing additional references from January 2017, All articles needing additional references, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, CHF 140.7 million / US$ 148 million (2019), International Union for the Protection of Nature, 1948: International Union for the Protection of Nature (IUPN) established, 1956: Name changed to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), 1959: UNESCO decides to create an international list of Nature Parks and equivalent reserves, and the United Nations Secretary General asks the IUCN to prepare this list, 1974: IUCN is involved in obtaining the agreement of its members to sign a Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (, 1975: The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (, 1982: Following IUCN preparation and efforts, the. Six IUCN Commissions made up of over ten thousands experts inform IUCN’s knowledge and help produce its work. As an organization, IUCN has three components: the member organizations, the six scientific commissions, and the secretariat. The International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) lists itself as the oldest global environmental organization. Resolution 1296, adopted in 1968, granted 'consultative' status to NGOs. The IUCN is best known for it's IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The expulsion of the Maasai people from Serengeti National Park and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area is perhaps the best known example of this approach. IUCN or the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources is the world’s largest and most important conservation network. This period saw the beginning of a gradual change in IUCN's approach to conservation in which it tried to become more appealing to the developing world. The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is the world’s oldest and largest conservation organization, with almost 1,300 government and NGO Members and more than 15,000 volunteer experts in 185 countries. The IUCN is the world’s oldest global environmental organization. This represented 61% of its income in 2012. [10] IUCN's close partnership with Coca-Cola in Vietnam – where they have together been launching Coca-Cola-focused community centers – has also drawn some criticism and allegations of greenwashing. During the 1960s, IUCN lobbied the UN General Assembly to create a new status for NGOs. ; Marine species ingest or are entangled by plastic debris, which causes severe injuries and deaths. It harnesses the experience, resources and reach of its more than 1,400 Member organisations and the input of more than 17,000 experts. 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